A stoa (; plural, stoas,
["stoa", ''Oxford English Dictionary'', 2nd Ed., 1989]
), in ancient Greek architecture
, is a covered walkway or portico
, commonly for public use. Early stoas were open at the entrance with columns, usually of the Doric order
, lining the side of the building; they created a safe, enveloping, protective atmosphere.
Later examples were built as two stories, and incorporated inner colonnade
s usually in the Ionic
style, where shops or sometimes offices were located. These buildings were open to the public; merchants could sell their goods, artists could display their artwork, and religious gatherings could take place. Stoas usually surrounded the marketplace
s or agora
of large cities and were used as a framing device.
Other examples were designed to create safe, protective atmospheres which combined useful inside and outside space. The name of the Stoic school of philosophy
derives from "stoa".
View of the Stoa Amphiaraion
, "Painted Porch", from which the philosophy Stoicism
takes its name
*Stoa of Attalos
*Stoa of Zeus
*Stoa of the Athenians
*Royal Stoa of Herod
Category:Ancient Greek buildings and structures