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A professional wrestling promotion (also federation or fed) is a
company A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity representing an association of people, whether natural, legal or a mixture of both, with a specific objective. Company members share a common purpose and unite to achieve specific, declared goals. ...
or
business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (such as goods and services). Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profit." Having a business name does not s ...
that regularly performs shows involving
professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between performers with established character roles. The wrestling matches are base ...
. "Promotion" also describes a role which entails management, advertising and logistics of running a wrestling event (''see promoter''). Within the convention of the show, the company is a
sports governing body A sports governing body is a sports organization that has a regulatory or sanctioning function. Sports governing bodies come in various forms, and have a variety of regulatory functions. Examples of this can include disciplinary action for rule in ...
which sanctions wrestling matches and gives authority to the championships and is responsible for determining the divisions, rankings, etc. of wrestlers. In truth, the company serves as a
touring theatre Touring theatre is independent travelling theatre that is presented at a different location in each city. A touring theatre is produced by a theater company, called the producing entity, often based in one location, and sold, as a show, by a booking ...
troupe Troupe may refer to: General *Comedy troupe, a group of comedians *Dance troupe, a group of dancers **Fire troupe, a group of fire dancers *Troupe system, a method of playing role-playing games *Theatrical troupe, a group of theatrical performers ...

troupe
, as well as event promotion body for its own events. Currently, the major national wrestling organizations in the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, 326 India ...
are
World Wrestling Entertainment World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company that is primarily known for professional wrestling. WWE has also branched out into other fields, including movies, football, and various o ...
(WWE),
All Elite Wrestling All Elite Wrestling, LLC (AEW) is an American professional wrestling promotion founded in 2019. Its inception was announced by Shahid Khan and his son Tony, with the former acting as the promotion's lead investor, and the latter being the founder ...
(AEW),
Impact Wrestling Impact Wrestling (stylized as ''IMPACT! Wrestling'') is an American professional wrestling promotion based in Nashville, Tennessee. The promotion operates via its parent company Anthem Wrestling Exhibitions, LLC, a subsidiary of Anthem Sports & ...
(Impact!),
Ring of Honor Ring of Honor Wrestling Entertainment, LLC, known simply as Ring of Honor (ROH), is an American professional wrestling promotion based in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a subsidiary of the Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) telecommunication conglomera ...
(ROH),
Major League Wrestling Major League Wrestling, LLC (MLW) is an American professional wrestling promotion based in New Rochelle, New York. It was founded in 2002 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by former WWE writer Court Bauer before the promotion moved its bases to New Yo ...
(MLW) and
National Wrestling Alliance The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is an American professional wrestling promotion and former governing body operating via its parent company Lightning One, Inc. Founded in 1948, the NWA began as a governing body for a group of independent p ...
(NWA). The major
Mexican Mexican may refer to: Mexico and its culture *Being related to, from, or connected to the country of Mexico, in North America ** Being related to the State of Mexico, one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico ** Culture of Mexico *** Mexican cuisi ...
lucha libre Lucha libre (, meaning "freestyle wrestling" or literally translated as "free fight") is the term used in Mexico for professional wrestling. Since its introduction to Mexico in the early 20th century, it has developed into a unique form of the ...
promotions are
Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre Co., Ltd. (CMLL; , "World Wrestling Council") is a ''lucha libre'' professional wrestling promotion based in Mexico City. The promotion was previously known as ''Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre'' (''EMLL'') (''Mexic ...
(CMLL) and
Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide Antonio Peña Promotions, S.A de CV d/b/a Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide is a Mexican Lucha Libre (professional wrestling) promotion based in Mexico City, Mexico. Commonly referred to as simply AAA (pronounced "triple A"; an abbreviation of its origi ...
(AAA). The top
Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat = Golden circle subdivided ...
ese
puroresu is the predominant style of professional wrestling that has developed in Japan. The term comes from the Japanese pronunciation of , which is shortened to puroresu. The term became popular among English-speaking fans due to Hisaharu Tanabe's activ ...
promotions are
New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion based in Nakano, Tokyo. Founded on January 13, 1972 by Antonio Inoki, the promotion was sold to Yuke's, who later sold it to Bushiroad in 2012. TV Asahi and Amuse, Inc. own minority shares of t ...
(NJPW),
All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW/AJP) or simply All Japan is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion established on October 21, 1972 when Giant Baba split away from the Japanese Wrestling Association and created his own promotion. Many wrestlers had left with Baba, wi ...
(AJPW),
Pro Wrestling Noah (stylised as Pro Wrestling NOAH) is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion, founded in 2000 by former All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW) ace Mitsuharu Misawa after he had led a mass exodus in which 24 of AJPW's 26 contracted wrestlers left the pr ...
,
Pro Wrestling Zero1 (stylized as Pro Wrestling ZERO1), formerly known as Pro Wrestling Zero-One and Pro Wrestling Zero1-Max (stylised in all capital letters) and often referred to simply as Zero1, is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 2001. It ...
,
Big Japan Pro Wrestling (BJW) is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion established in 1995. It is most famous for its deathmatch style contests. History Big Japan Pro Wrestling was founded in March 1995 by former AJPW wrestlers Shinya Kojika and Kendo Nagasaki, du ...
,
DDT Pro-Wrestling is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion based in Shinjuku, Tokyo. Its name stands for Dramatic Dream Team, which was the promotion's official name from 1997 to 2004. Founded in March 1997 by Shintaro Muto, but the promotion was eventually ...
, and Dragon Gate. Additionally, there are smaller
Independent Independent or Independents may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Artist groups * Independents (artist group), a group of modernist painters based in the New Hope, Pennsylvania, area of the United States during the early 1930s * Independent ...
promotions or territories around the world.


Structure

Most promotions are self-contained, organized around one or more
championships {{multiple issues, {{cleanup reorganize, date=October 2012 {{Unreferenced, date=May 2010 In sport, a championship is a competition in which the aim is to decide which individual or team is the champion. Championship systems Various forms of comp ...
and do not acknowledge or recognize the legitimacy of other promotions' titles unless they share a working agreement. Governing bodies, such as the
United Wrestling Network The United Wrestling Network (UWN) is a cooperative group of professional wrestling promotions from the United States of America and abroad. It was formed in 2013. History On October 21, 2013, David Marquez, promoter of Championship Wrestling fr ...
,
WWNLive World Wrestling Network (WWN) is an American professional wrestling organization known for its video streaming service WWNLive. WWNLive host's content both from WWN's wrestling promotions as well as content from third-party organizations. Coll ...
, Allied Independent Wrestling Federations, Pro Wrestling International and, previously, the
National Wrestling Alliance The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is an American professional wrestling promotion and former governing body operating via its parent company Lightning One, Inc. Founded in 1948, the NWA began as a governing body for a group of independent p ...
, act as an
umbrella organization An umbrella organization is an association of (often related, industry-specific) institutions, who work together formally to coordinate activities or pool resources. In business, political, or other environments, one group, the umbrella organizatio ...
which governs titles that are shared among multiple promotions. The structure has changed a lot since the 20th century. During the 1950's, the National Wrestling Alliance was thriving, they overseen many wrestling promotions such as
Mid-Atlantic Wrestling Jim Crockett Promotions Inc. was a family-owned professional wrestling promotion headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, United States. Founded in 1931, the promotion emerged as a cornerstone of the National Wrestling Alliance. By the 1980s, ...
and NWA San Francisco. This was known as the NWA territory system, which helped aid these regional promotions. The World Champions of the NWA attracted large crowds when they visited their local promotion. Major promotions have a roster of talent under contracts to them. Smaller promotions and indies use a combination of contracted workers and Free agent (business), free agents.


See also

*Independent circuit *List of professional wrestling promotions *List of professional wrestling promoters *List of women's wrestling promotions


References

{{Professional wrestling terms Professional wrestling promotions, * Professional wrestling slang