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USS ''Sagamore'' was a built on behalf of the
United States Navy ), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en, "Not for self but for country") (unofficial). , colors = Blue and gold  , colors_label = Colors , march = "Anchors Aweigh" , m ...
for service during the
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865, fought between northern states loyal to the Union and southern states that had seceded to form the Confederate States of America. Th ...
. She was outfitted as a
gunboat ironclad river gunboats assault the Confederates at Fort Donelson on February 1862, during the American Civil War. A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as oppo ...
and assigned to the
Union blockade The Union blockade in the American Civil War was a naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading. The blockade was proclaimed by President Abraham Lincoln in April 1861, and required the monitoring of of Atlantic a ...
of the
Confederate States of America The Confederate States of America (CSA), commonly referred to as the Confederate States or the Confederacy, was an unrecognized breakaway state in existence from February 8, 1861, to May 9, 1865, that fought against the United States of Ameri ...

Confederate States of America
. ''Sagamore'' was very active during the war, and served the Union both as a patrol ship and a bombardment vessel.


Under United States Navy service


Commissioned in 1861 at the Boston Navy Yard

The first U.S. Navy ship to be so named, USS Sagamore — a wooden-hulled, screw-driven
gunboat ironclad river gunboats assault the Confederates at Fort Donelson on February 1862, during the American Civil War. A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as oppo ...
built by the A. & G. T. Sampson and Atlantic Works Boston, Massachusetts — was launched on 1 September 1861 and commissioned on 7 December 1861 at the
Boston Navy Yard Aerial view of the Boston Navy Yard in April 1960. The Boston Navy Yard, originally called the Charlestown Navy Yard and later Boston Naval Shipyard, was one of the oldest shipbuilding facilities in the United States Navy. It was established ...
.


Civil War


Assigned to the East Gulf blockade

On 26 November 1861, ''Sagamore'' received orders to report to
Flag Officer A flag officer is a commissioned officer in a nation's armed forces senior enough to be entitled to fly a flag to mark the position from which the officer exercises command. The term is used differently in different countries: *In many countries, ...
William McKean William Wister McKean (19 September 1800 – 22 April 1865) was an admiral in the United States Navy during the American Civil War. He was noted for his service in the Union blockade that effectively closed Confederate seaports in the Gulf of Mexi ...
for duty as part of the East Gulf Blockading Squadron which patrolled the waters off the coasts of Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi. ''Sagamore''s first encounter with the enemy came at Apalachicola, Florida. On 3 April 1862, armed boat crews from ''Sagamore'' and captured the city without resistance. Image:USS Sagamore 1861b.jpg, 300px, ''Sagamore'' is the ship at extreme right. On 30 June 1862, ''Sagamore'' Battle of Tampa, attacked Tampa, Florida, but withdrew after exchanging fire with a Confederate shore battery. On 11 September, a landing party from ''Sagamore'' destroyed the salt works, which could produce 200 bushels a day, at St. Andrews Bay (Florida), St. Andrews Bay, Florida. ''Sagamore'' next captured the blockade-running English schooner ''By George'' off Indian River (Florida), Indian River, Florida on 1 December, with a cargo of coffee and sugar. In January 1863, ''Sagamore'' captured ''Avenger'', ''Julia'', and destroyed the sloop ''Elizabeth''. Next she captured the sloop ''Enterprise'' on 8 March 1863, and the sloop ''New York'' on 26 April.


Shelling New Smyrna, Florida

On 28 July, boats from ''Sagamore'' and attacked New Smyrna Beach, Florida, New Smyrna, Florida. After shelling the town, Union forces captured two schooners; caused the Confederate forces to destroy several other vessels, some of which were loaded with cotton and ready to sail; and burned large quantities of cotton on shore. Following the attack at New Smyrna, ''Sagamore'' returned to her coastal duties. On 8 August, ''Sagamore'' captured the sloops ''Clara Louise'', ''Southern Rights'', ''Shot'', and ''Ann''.


Suwannee River operations

On 21 April 1864, boat expeditions from ''Sagamore'' took 100 bales of cotton and destroyed 300 additional bales near Clay Landing on the Suwannee River, Florida. ''Sagamore''s final action in the American Civil War, Civil War took place on 7 June. Suspecting that Confederate forces were using cotton to erect breastworks on the banks of the Suwannee River, a boat expedition composed of men from ''Sagamore'' and proceeded up the river and captured over 100 bales of cotton in the vicinity of Clay Landing.


Decommissioning

''Sagamore'' was decommissioned on 1 December 1864 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was sold at New York City. on 13 June 1865.


Under Japanese service

''Sagamore'' was acquired by Kubota Domain, one of the Han system, feudal domains of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan in 1865 as the ''Saga-no-kami'', and was renamed Yōshun-maru in 1868. She was donated to the nascent Imperial Japanese Navy during the Boshin War of the Meiji restoration. ''Yoshun'' is recorded to have departed Uraga, Kanagawa, Uraga on 24 April 1869 for Miyako Bay, where she came under attack from the Republic of Ezo Navy gunboat SMS Danzig (1851), ''Kaiten'' at the Battle of Miyako Bay on 27 April. She departed Miyako Bay on 6 May with a continent of soldiers and equipment, which she delivered to Aomori, Aomori, Aomori on 8 May. She then transported troops and equipment from Aomori to Hakodate on 19 May and was a participant at the Naval Battle of Hakodate Bay, remaining in those waters until the surrender of the last forces of the Republic of Ezo. In 1870, she was demilitarized and sold to a civilian shipping firm operating scheduled services between Osaka and Tokyo. However, later the same year, she was purchased by an American shipping firm for routes throughout the far east, and was renamed ''Daimyo''. Her subsequent fate is not known.


See also

*United States Navy *List of United States Navy ships


References

*


External links


Images
Naval History and Heritage Command website. {{DEFAULTSORT:Sagamore Ships of the Union Navy Ships built in Boston Steamships of the United States Navy Unadilla-class gunboats American Civil War patrol vessels of the United States 1861 ships Ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy Naval ships of Japan