The Transnational Institute (TNI), is an international non-profit research and advocacy
think tank A think tank, or policy institute, is a research institute that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture. Most think tanks are non-governmental organiz ...
that was founded in 1974,
Amsterdam Amsterdam (, , ) is the capital and most populous city of the Netherlands with a population of 872,680 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the urban area and 2,480,394 in the metropolitan area. Found within the province of North Holland, Ams ...
Netherlands The Netherlands ( nl, Nederland ), informally referred to as Holland, is a country primarily located in Western Europe and partly in the Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In Europe, the ...

. According to their website, the organization promotes a "... just, democratic and sustainable world."


TNI was founded in 1974 in Amsterdam by
Eqbal Ahmad Eqbal Ahmad (1933 – 11 May 1999) was a Pakistani political scientist, writer and academic known for his anti-war activism, his support for resistance movements globally and academic contributions to the study of Near East. Born in Bihar, Br ...
, who was the organization's first director. Initially it operated as an international arm of the
Institute for Policy Studies The Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) is an American progressive think tank that was started in 1963 and is presently based in Washington, D.C. It has been directed by John Cavanagh since 1998. The organization focuses on U.S. foreign policy, d ...
. In 1976 the director of the institute (
Orlando Letelier Marcos Orlando Letelier del Solar (13 April 1932 – 21 September 1976) was a Chilean economist, politician and diplomat during the presidency of Salvador Allende. A refugee from the military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet, Letelier acc ...
) was
assassinated Assassination is the act of deliberately killing a prominent or important person, such as heads of state, heads of government, politicians, royalty, celebrities, journalists, or CEOs. An assassination may be prompted by political and military mo ...
by the Chilean secret police as ordered by
Augusto Pinochet Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (, also , , ; 25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean Army General, politician and military dictator who ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990, first as the leader of the Military Junta of Chile from 197 ...
. Pauline Tiffen is chair of the supervisory board of the TNI. The activist Susan George (political scientist), Susan George is president of the TNI. The members of the institute are involved in the civil society and the associative life of their respective countries. Based in Amsterdam, the permanent team of TNI consisted of twenty nine people in 2021.


The TNI publishes research papers, books and organises seminars and debates. Its members include activists, researchers, writers, scholars, journalists and documentary makers. The organisation has specific interest sections called "programs". These are the fields the organisation currently focuses on.

Drugs and democracy

The program analyses worldwide trends on Drug policy, drugs-policies and promotes a pragmatic approach to drugs based on damage-control. It has written on countries in latin america, Latin America. and southeast asia, Southeast Asia Ricardo Soberón, the Lawyer who was the drug tsar for Peru until 2012, has carried out research for TNI.

Public alternatives

The public alternatives program publishes research and organises events on the following topics * The effects of privatisation such as water privatization, water privatisation * Energy democracy * The return of public services or remunicipalization, re-municipalization for which it has documented more than 200 cases. * Transformative Cities * Participatory democracy

Trade and investment

Publications * ''Financialisation: A Primer'' (2018 update) - about financialization

Other programs

* Myanmar * War & Pacification * Colombia * Agrarian & Environmental Justice * Corporate Power


External links

at the International Institute of Social History.

{{authority control Think tanks based in the Netherlands Political and economic think tanks based in Europe Think tanks established in 1974 Members of the International Science Council