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''Saturday Night'' was a
Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many (or all) of these connections exist and are collectively the source of ...

Canadian
general interest
magazine A magazine is a periodical literature, periodical publication which is printing, printed in Coated paper, gloss-coated and Paint sheen, matte paper. Magazines are generally published on a regular schedule and contain a variety of content (media) ...

magazine
. It was founded in
Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the List of the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, most populous cit ...
,
Ontario , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt = Map showing Ontario's location east/central of Canada. , coordinates = , capital = Toronto , larges ...
in 1887 and was Canada's oldest general interest magazine. The magazine ceased publication in 2005.


History

''Saturday Night'' was first established in 1887 as a weekly
broadsheet A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages, typically of . Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner (format), Berliner and Tabloid (newspaper format), tabloid–Compact (newspaper ...
newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as po ...

newspaper
about public affairs and the arts, and was later expanded into a general interest magazine. The editor, Edmund E. Sheppard, was prevented from editing a daily newspaper due to an earlier libel action in regards to an incident involving Louis Riel. Additionally, Blue laws in Toronto prevented publication on Sunday. So, in its first years, the paper was restricted to being a weekly publication, published on Saturdays, hence the name. It had a circulation of 10,000. In 1925 the magazine sold 30,858 copies. ''Saturday Night'' went through a number of owners, formats, and frequencies of publication. Its content went through periods where it would focus more on news, and at other times a greater focus on feature columns. In 1949, Its format size was reduced from
broadsheet A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages, typically of . Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner (format), Berliner and Tabloid (newspaper format), tabloid–Compact (newspaper ...
to magazine size. In 1952, Jack Kent Cooke became the magazine's publisher after he purchased its owner, Consolidated Press, and it entered a period of decline, and switched from weekly to fortnightly publication in 1954. Under Cooke, the magazine "lost its character and pre-eminence" as a cultural magazine, with Cooke attempting to change it into a newsmagazine, similar to Time (magazine), Time. In 1961, Kent sold the magazine to Percy Bishop, an oil and mining entrepreneur and supporter of the far-right Alberta Social Credit League. The next year Bishop merged ''Saturday Night'' with his other publications ''The Canadian'', a right-wing magazine he had started to promote his political views. ''Saturday Night'' editor-in-chief Arnold Edinborough and six other members of the editorial board resigned in protest Bishop's renamed magazine, ''Canadian Saturday Night'', was edited by one-time Social Credit candidate Arthur Lowe and folded after three issues. ''Saturday Night'' was revived in 1963 by Edinborough who purchased the magazine with $100,000 of his own money and some funding from the family of Robertson Davies, and thus also becoming its publisher, and circulation grew to 90,000. Robert Fulford (journalist), Robert Fulford was the magazine's editor from 1968 to 1987. Under his editorial guidance, the magazine enjoyed critical success and expanded its arts and literary coverage and was also an important source of long-form political reportage, much of it by Christina McCall. However, financial difficulties continued. Losing money, in 1971 Edinborough sold the magazine for $1 to a non-profit foundation. In 1974, the magazine again ceased publication for six months due to financial difficulties until it was purchased by a group of funders led by developer Murray Frum and a $100,000 grant from Imperial Oil. Norman Webster, whose family owned the ''Globe and Mail'', purchased the magazine in 1979. Under Fulford, ''Saturday Night'' also featured featured short stories and poetry and gave poet Dennis Lee (author), Dennis Lee and writer Margaret Atwood their first national exposure. Works by Robertson Davies (who was the magazine's literary editor in the 1940s), Michael Ignatieff, Peter Gzowski, Mordecai Richler, and portrait photographer Yousuf Karsh were also featured in the magazine in its heyday.


Demise

The magazine was purchased by Conrad Black by his company Hollinger Inc. in 1987. The magazine lost money for Black for the years he owned it, never recovering even in the late 1990s when many other Canadian magazines saw their fortunes improve. The last standalone monthly issue was March 2000 (Vol 115 No 2, Issue #3819) under editor Paul Tough. In addition to newsstand distribution, the magazine was included as a weekend supplement in subscription copies of several Hollinger newspapers, although in 1992 Hollinger began offering subscribers the option of switching to ''The Idler (Canadian magazine), The Idler'' instead of ''Saturday Night''."Idler magazine faces changes". ''Toronto Star'', February 14, 1992. After a hiatus of two months it was relaunched as a weekend magazine insert within Black's ''National Post'', continuing as Vol 115 No 3, Issue #3819. It was issued weekly in this format under the editorship of Dianna Symonds until September 22, 2001 (Vol 116 No 35 Issue #3885) when it was cancelled as part of CanWest's cutbacks at the ''National Post''. The title was saved, however, when it was purchased by MultiVision Publishing and re-emerged under editor Matthew Church as a bimonthly (and later 10 times-a-year) newsstand magazine (with some copies inserted in subscription ''National Post''s) beginning in April 2002 as Vol 117, No 1, Issue #3886. Later purchased by St. Joseph Media, publication was ended in November 2005 with Issue #3916, which is at present the last printed issue of ''Saturday Night''. On October 20, 2005, the company announced that publication would be "suspended" due to insufficient advertiser support. The editor at the time of suspension was Gary Ross, who had been editor since 2004.


Blog

On December 18, 2008, the ''Saturday Night'' website was relaunched as a blog, with the initial post indicating that the site would "canvas the country and present you with a unique and intriguing perspective on our national life in politics and power, sex and crime, entertainment and culture, arts and literature, style and design." However, after five posts made that day, the blog was abandoned and has not been updated since.


Editors-in-chief

*Edmund E. Sheppard (1887-1906), also owner and publisher *Joseph Thomas Clark (1906-1909)https://archives.mcmaster.ca/index.php/saturday-night-fonds *Charles Frederick Paul (1909-1926) *Hector Charlesworth (1926-1932) *Bernard Keble Sandwell (1932-1951) *Robert A. Farquharson (1951-1952) *Gwyn Kinsey (1952-1957) *Robert Marjoribanks (1957-1958) *Arnold Edinborough (1958-1962) *Arthur Lowe (1962-1963), editor-in-chief of the merged ''Canadian Saturday Night'' *Arnold Edinborough, (1963-1968), also served as owner and publisher (1963-1970) *Robert Fulford (journalist), Robert Fulford (1968-1987) *John Fraser (journalist), John Fraser (1987-1994) *Kenneth Whyte (1994-1998) *Paul Tough (1998-2000) *Matthew Church (2001-2004) *Gary Ross (2004-2005)https://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/gary-ross-to-edit-saturday-night/article4123957/


Notable contributors

Editors and contributors have included Robert Thomas Allen, Robertson Davies, Sylvia Fraser, Douglas Gibson, Peter Gzowski, Ernest Hillen, J. Timothy Hunt, Michael Ignatieff, Yousuf Karsh, Bharati Mukherjee, Erna Paris, Alexander Fraser Pirie, Mordecai Richler, Clarence Tillenius, :fr:Martin Vaughn-James, Martin Vaughn-James (as cartoonist), and Isabel Vincent.


See also

* Media in Canada


References


External links

* *{{cite web, url=https://library.mcmaster.ca/archives/findaids/fonds/s/satnight.htm, title=Saturday Night. (Toronto, Ont.), work=The William Ready Division of Archives and Research Collections, publisher=McMaster University Library, access-date=10 January 2015 1887 establishments in Ontario 2005 disestablishments in Ontario News magazines published in Canada Lifestyle magazines published in Canada Cultural magazines published in Canada Weekly magazines published in Canada Defunct magazines published in Canada Magazines published in Toronto Magazines established in 1887 Magazines disestablished in 2005 National Post St. Joseph Media magazines Literary magazines published in Canada