Raleigh (; ) is the capital of the state of
North Carolina North Carolina () is a U.S. state, state in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the List of U.S. states and territories by area, 28th largest and List of states and territories of the Un ...
and the seat of Wake County in the United States. Raleigh is known as the "City of Oaks" for its many
oak tree
oak tree
s, which line the streets in the heart of the city. The city covers a land area of . The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population as 474,069 as of July 1, 2019. It is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country. The city of Raleigh is named after Walter Raleigh, who established the lost Roanoke Colony in present-day Dare County. Raleigh is home to North Carolina State University (NC State) and is part of the Research Triangle together with Durham (home of
Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity, North Carolina, Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, t ...
and North Carolina Central University) and Chapel Hill (home of the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC, UNC-Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Chapel Hill, or simply Carolina) is a public university, public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The flagship university, flagship of the U ...
). The name of the Research Triangle (often shortened to the "Triangle") originated after the 1959 creation of Research Triangle Park (RTP), located in Durham and Wake counties, among the three cities and their universities. The Triangle encompasses the U.S. Census Bureau's Raleigh-Durham-Cary Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which had an estimated population of 2,037,430 in 2013. The Raleigh
metropolitan statistical area In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area. Such regions are neither legally Incorporated town, incorporate ...
had an estimated population of 1,390,785 in 2019. Most of Raleigh is located within Wake County, with a very small portion extending into Durham County. The towns of Cary, North Carolina, Cary, Morrisville, North Carolina, Morrisville, Garner, North Carolina, Garner, Clayton, North Carolina, Clayton, Wake Forest, North Carolina, Wake Forest, Apex, North Carolina, Apex, Holly Springs, North Carolina, Holly Springs, Fuquay-Varina, North Carolina, Fuquay-Varina, Knightdale, North Carolina, Knightdale, Wendell, North Carolina, Wendell, Zebulon, North Carolina, Zebulon, and Rolesville, North Carolina, Rolesville are some of Raleigh's primary nearby suburbs and satellite towns. Raleigh is an early example in the United States of a Planned community, planned city. Following the American Revolutionary War when the U.S. gained independence, this was chosen as the site of the state capital in 1788 and incorporated in 1792 as such. The city was originally laid out in a grid pattern with the North Carolina State Capitol in Union Square at the center. During the American Civil War, the city was spared from any significant battle. It fell to the Union in the closing days of the war, and struggled with the economic hardships in the postwar period related to the reconstitution of labor markets, over-reliance on agriculture, and the social unrest of the Reconstruction Era. Following the establishment of the Research Triangle Park (RTP) in 1959, several tens of thousands of jobs were created in the fields of science and technology, and it became one of the fastest-growing communities in the United States by the early 21st century.


Earlier capitals

Bath, North Carolina, Bath, the oldest town in North Carolina, was the first nominal capital of the colony from 1705 until 1722, when Edenton, North Carolina, Edenton took over the role. The colony had no permanent institutions of government until the new capital, New Bern, North Carolina, New Bern, was established in 1743.

18th century

In December 1770, Joel Lane House, Joel Lane successfully petitioned the North Carolina General Assembly to create a new county. On January 5, 1771, the bill creating Wake County was passed in the General Assembly. The county was formed from portions of Cumberland County, North Carolina, Cumberland, Orange County, North Carolina, Orange, and Johnston County, North Carolina, Johnston counties, and was named for Margaret Wake Tryon, the wife of Governor William Tryon. The first county seat was Bloomsbury. New Bern, North Carolina, New Bern, a port town on the Neuse River from the Atlantic Ocean, was the largest city and the capital of North Carolina during the American Revolution. When the British Army laid siege to the city, that site could no longer be used as capital. From 1789 to 1794, when Raleigh was being built, the state capital was Fayetteville, North Carolina, Fayetteville. Raleigh was chosen as the site of the new capital in 1788, as its central location protected it from attacks from the coast. It was officially established in 1792 as both county seat and state capital (incorporated on December 31, 1792 – charter granted January 21, 1795). The city was named for Walter Raleigh, Sir Walter Raleigh, sponsor of Roanoke Colony, Roanoke, the "lost colony" on Roanoke Island. No known city or town existed previously on the chosen city site. Raleigh is one of the few cities in the United States that was planned and built specifically to serve as a List of capitals in the United States, state capital. Its original boundaries were formed by the downtown streets of North, East, West and South. The plan, a grid with two main axes meeting at a central square and an additional square in each corner, was based on Thomas Holme's 1682 plan for Philadelphia. The North Carolina General Assembly first met in Raleigh in December 1794, and granted the city a charter, with a board of seven appointed commissioners and an "Intendant of Police" (which developed as the office of Mayor of Raleigh, North Carolina, Mayor) to govern it. (After 1803 city commissioners were elected.) In 1799, the ''N.C. Minerva and Raleigh Advertiser'' was the first newspaper published in Raleigh. John Haywood (politician), John Haywood was the first Intendant of Police.

19th century

In 1808, Andrew Johnson, the nation's future 17th President, was born at Casso's Inn in Raleigh. The city's first water supply network was completed in 1818, although due to system failures, the project was abandoned. In 1819 Raleigh's first volunteer Firefighter, fire company was founded, followed in 1821 by a full-time fire company. In 1817, the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina was established and headquartered in Raleigh. In 1831, a fire destroyed the North Carolina State House. Two years later, reconstruction began with quarried gneiss being delivered by the first railroad in the state. Raleigh celebrated the completions of the new North Carolina State Capitol, State Capitol and new Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, Raleigh & Gaston Railroad Company in 1840. In 1853, the first North Carolina State Fair, State Fair was held near Raleigh. The first institution of higher learning in Raleigh, Peace College, was established in 1857. Raleigh's Historic Oakwood contains many houses from the 19th century that are still in good condition. North Carolina seceded from the Union during the American Civil War. After the American Civil War, Civil War began, Governor Zebulon Baird Vance ordered the construction of Breastwork (fortification), breastworks around the city as protection from Union Army, Union troops. Near the end of the Civil War, Sherman's March to the Sea, Sherman's March was approaching towards Raleigh. Governor Vance arranged his evacuation to avoid capture. Before leaving Vance met with former governors William Alexander Graham, Graham and David L. Swain, Swain to write a letter of surrender for Raleigh. The surrender was to prevent Raleigh from becoming destroyed like many other cities on Sherman's path. Graham and Swain were sent on the morning of April 12, 1865, and were to return by that evening. The evening struck but Graham and Swain had not returned due to train delays and their temporary capture by Sherman. Governor Vance left the evening after Graham and Sherman failed to return leaving behind a letter giving Mayor William H. Harrison the authority to surrender. In the morning of April 13, Mayor Harrison among others went to the southern Wake County area to meet General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick and propose surrender. Kenneth Rayner, a long-time resident of Raleigh, delivered the proposal including a promise of no resistance. Kilpatrick agreed to accept the surrender and protect Raleigh from destruction. Kilpatrick and his calvalry moved to Raleigh and removed the flagpole from the North Carolina State Capitol and put a Flag of the United States, United States Flag above the dome. Sherman arrived shortly after and set his office in the governor's mansion. The city was spared significant destruction during the War. As the Confederate States Army, Confederate cavalry retreated west, the Union soldiers followed, leading to the nearby Battle of Morrisville. Due to the economic and social problems of the post-war period and Reconstruction Era, Reconstruction, with a state economy still overly based on agriculture, it grew little over the next several decades. Shaw University, the South's first African American college, began classes in 1865 and was chartered in 1875. Its Estey Hall was the first building constructed for the higher education of black women, and Leonard Hall (Shaw University), Leonard Medical Center was the first four-year medical school in the country for African Americans. In 1867, Episcopal Church (United States), Episcopal clergy founded St. Augustine's College (Raleigh), St. Augustine's College for the education of free negro, freedmen. The biracial Reconstruction legislature created new welfare institutions: in 1869, it approved the nation's first school for blind and deaf blacks, to be located in Raleigh. In 1874, the federal government constructed the Federal Building (Raleigh, North Carolina), Federal Building in Raleigh, the first Federal government of the United States, federal government project in the Southern U.S. following the Civil War. In 1880, the newspapers ''News'' and ''Observer'' combined to form ''The News & Observer''. It continues to be Raleigh's primary daily newspaper. The North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, now known as North Carolina State University, was founded as a land-grant college in 1887. The city's Rex Hospital opened in 1889 and included the state's first nursing school. The Baptist Women's College, now known as Meredith College, opened in 1891, and in 1898, The Academy of Music, a private music conservatory, was established. In the late nineteenth century, two black Congressmen were elected from North Carolina's 2nd district, the last in 1898. George Henry White sought to promote civil rights for blacks and to challenge efforts by white Democrats to reduce black voting by new discriminatory laws. He and allies were unsuccessful. Based on a white supremacy campaign that returned Democrats to dominance, in 1900 the state legislature passed a new State constitution (United States), constitution, with a suffrage amendment that raised barriers to voter registration, resulting in the Disfranchisement after Reconstruction era, disenfranchisement of most blacks and many poor whites. Loss of the ability to vote also disqualified black men (and later women) from sitting on juries and serving in any office—local, state or federal. The rising black middle-class in Raleigh and other areas was politically silenced and shut out of local governance, and the North Carolina Republican Party, Republican Party was no longer competitive in the state. It was not until after federal civil rights legislation was passed in the mid-1960s that the majority of blacks in North Carolina would again be able to vote, sit on juries and serve in local offices. By that time many African Americans had left the state in the Great Migration to northern industrial cities for more opportunities. No African American was elected to Congress from North Carolina until 1992.

20th century

In 1912, Bloomsbury Park opened, featuring a popular carousel ride. Relocated to Pullen Park, the Pullen Park Carousel is still operating. From 1914 to 1917, an influenza epidemic killed 288 Raleighites. In 1922, WLAC signed on as the city's first radio station, but lasted only two years. WFBQ signed on in 1924 and became WPTF in 1927. It is now Raleigh's oldest continuous radio broadcaster. In 1923, the Raleigh Fall Festival was formed. The Festival was reorganized as the North Carolina Debutante Ball in 1927. Following immigration by Catholics, on December 12, 1924, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh was officially established by Pope Pius XI. The Sacred Heart Cathedral (Raleigh, North Carolina), Sacred Heart Cathedral became the official seat of the diocese with William Joseph Hafey as its bishop. The city's first airport, Curtiss-Wright Flying Field, opened in 1929. That same year, the Stock market crash#Wall Street Crash of 1929, stock market crash resulted in six Raleigh banks closing. During the difficult 1930s of the Great Depression, government at all levels was integral to creating jobs. The city provided recreational and educational programs, and hired people for public works projects. In 1932, Raleigh Memorial Auditorium was dedicated. The North Carolina Symphony, founded the same year, performed in its new home. From 1934 to 1937, the federal Civilian Conservation Corps constructed the area now known as William B. Umstead State Park. In 1939, the State General Assembly chartered the Raleigh-Durham Aeronautical Authority to build a larger airport between Raleigh and Durham, with the first flight occurring in 1943. In 1947, Raleigh citizens adopted a Council–manager government, council–manager form of government, the current form. Council members are elected from single-member districts. They hire a city manager. The Dorton Arena, a 7,610-seat multi-purpose arena designed by Maciej Nowicki (architect), Matthew Nowicki, was opened in 1952 on the grounds of the North Carolina State Fair. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Raleigh experienced significant damage from Hurricane Hazel in 1954. In 1953, WNAO-TV, channel 28, became the city's first television station, though it folded in 1957. With the opening of the Research Triangle Park in 1959, Raleigh began to experience a population increase, resulting in a total city population of 100,000 by 1960. In 1960, the Census Bureau reported Raleigh's population as 76.4% white and 23.4% black. Following the passage of the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, one of the main achievements of the Civil Rights Movement and the Lyndon B. Johnson presidency, political participation and voting by African Americans in Raleigh increased rapidly. From the early-to-mid 20th century East Hargett Street was known as Raleigh's "black main street" and hosted numerous black-owned businesses. The area declined after the city desegregated its establishments. By the early 1970s people in Raleigh were growing increasingly concerned about growth and urban sprawl. Community organizations felt that municipal offices were being too heavily influenced by business interests when the city's population was rapidly growing and various development projects were being proposed. At their behest, the municipal elections were altered so that the mayor was to be directly elected, instead of being selected by the city council. Most city council seats were then made responsible to districts, instead of being held at-large. The 1973 elections were the first contests affected by the reforms. City Councilman Clarence Lightner defeated Raleigh Merchants bureau Executive Director G. Wesley Williams to become Raleigh's first black mayor, and thus the first black mayor in a major white-majority city in the South. In 1976, the Raleigh City and Wake County schools merged to become the Wake County Public School System, now the largest school system in the state and 19th largest in the country. During the 1970s and 1980s, the Interstate 440 (North Carolina), I-440 beltline was constructed, easing traffic congestion and providing access to most major city roads. The first Raleigh Convention Center (replaced in 2008) and Fayetteville Street Mall were both opened in 1977. Fayetteville Street was turned into a pedestrian-only street in an effort to help the then-ailing downtown area, but the plan was flawed and business declined for years to come. Fayetteville Street was reopened in 2007 as the main thoroughfare of Raleigh's downtown. The 1988 Raleigh tornado outbreak of November 28, 1988, was the most destructive of the seven tornadoes reported in Northeastern North Carolina and southeastern Virginia between 1:00 AM and 5:45 AM. The Raleigh tornado produced over $77 million in damage, along with four fatalities (two in the city of Raleigh, and two in Nash County, North Carolina, Nash County) and 154 injuries. The damage path from the storm was measured at long, and wide at times. The tornado was rated Fujita scale, F4. In 1991, two large skyscrapers in Raleigh were completed, First Union Capitol Center and Two Hannover Square, along with the popular Coastal Credit Union Music Park at Walnut Creek in Southeast Raleigh. In 1996, the Olympic Flame passed through Raleigh while on its way to the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Also in 1996, Hurricane Fran struck the area, causing massive flooding and extensive structural damage. In addition, WRAL-TV became the first High-Definition broadcast station in the world. In 1997, the National Hockey League's Hartford Whalers announced their intention to move to Raleigh as the Carolina Hurricanes, becoming the city's first major league professional sports franchise. In 1999, the Raleigh Entertainment and Sports Arena (later renamed the RBC Center and now called PNC Arena), opened to provide a home for the Hurricanes and the NC State Wolfpack men's basketball team, as well as an up-to-date major concert venue.

21st century

In the first decade of the 21st century, Raleigh was featured prominently in a number of "Top 10 Lists", including those by ''Forbes'', MSNBC and Money (magazine), ''Money'' magazine, due to its quality of life and favorable business climate. In 2001, the Raleigh Memorial Auditorium complex was expanded with the addition of the Progress Energy Inc, Progress Energy Center for the Performing Arts, Meymandi Concert Hall, Fletcher Opera Theater, Kennedy Theatre, Betty Ray McCain Gallery and Lichtin Plaza. Fayetteville Street reopened to vehicular traffic in 2006. A variety of downtown building projects began around this time including the 34-story RBC Bank Tower, multiple condominium projects and several new restaurants. Additional skyscrapers are in the proposal/planning phase. In 2006, the city's NHL franchise, the Carolina Hurricanes, won the Stanley Cup, North Carolina's first and only professional sports championship. With the opening of parts of Interstate 540 (North Carolina), I-540 from 2005 to 2007, a new loop around Wake County, traffic congestion eased somewhat in the North Raleigh area. Completion of the entire loop is expected to take another 15 years. In 2008, the city's Fayetteville Street Historic District joined the National Register of Historic Places. In September 2010, Raleigh hosted the inaugural Hopscotch Music Festival. In January 2011, Raleigh hosted the National Hockey League 2011 National Hockey League All-Star Game, All-Star Game. In April 2011, a devastating Enhanced Fujita Scale, EF-3 Tornado outbreak of April 14–16, 2011, tornado hit Raleigh, and many other tornadoes touched down in the state (ultimately the largest, but not the 1984 Carolinas tornado outbreak, strongest outbreak to ever hit the state), killing 24 people. The tornado tracked northeast through parts of Downtown, East Central Raleigh and Northeast Raleigh and produced $115 million in damages in Wake County. There were 4 fatalities in the city. In September 2015 Holy Trinity Anglican Church, Raleigh, Holy Trinity Anglican Church was opened; the first church to be built in downtown Raleigh since 1958. On July 26, 2017 the Catholic Diocese of Raleigh dedicated its new cathedral, Holy Name of Jesus Cathedral (Raleigh, North Carolina), Holy Name of Jesus Cathedral, the fifth-largest in the United States.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Raleigh occupies a total area of , of which is land and , or 0.76%, is covered by water. The Neuse River flows through the northeast end of the city. Raleigh is located in the northeast central region of North Carolina, where the Piedmont (United States), Piedmont and Atlantic coastal plain, Atlantic Coastal Plain regions meet. This area is known as the "Atlantic Seaboard fall line, fall line" because it marks the elevation inland at which waterfalls begin to appear in creeks and rivers. As a result, most of Raleigh features gently rolling hills that slope eastward toward the state's flat coastal plain. The city of Raleigh is located southeast of Durham, North Carolina, northeast of Fayetteville, North Carolina, northwest of Wilmington, North Carolina, northeast of Charlotte, North Carolina, and southwest of Richmond, Virginia. A small portion of Raleigh is located in Durham County, North Carolina.


Raleigh is divided into several major geographic areas, each of which use a Raleigh address and a ZIP code that begins with the digits 276. PNC Plaza (Raleigh), PNC Plaza, formerly known as RBC Plaza, is the largest and tallest skyscraper in the city of Raleigh. The tower rises to a height of , with a floor count of 34.

Downtown and inside-the-beltline neighborhoods

The downtown area is home to historic buildings such as the Sir Walter Raleigh Hotel built in the early 20th century, the restored City Market (Raleigh, North Carolina), City Market, the Fayetteville Street (Raleigh), Fayetteville Street downtown business district, which includes the PNC Plaza (Raleigh), PNC Plaza and Wells Fargo Capitol Center buildings, as well as the North Carolina Museum of History, North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, North Carolina State Capitol, William Peace University, the City of Raleigh Museum, Raleigh Convention Center, Shaw University, Norman Adrian Wiggins School of Law, Campbell University School of Law, and St. Augustine's College (North Carolina), St. Augustine's College. In the 2000s, an effort by the Downtown Raleigh Alliance was made to separate this area of the city into five smaller districts: Fayetteville Street, Moore Square Historic District, Moore Square, Glenwood South, Warehouse (Raleigh), and Capitol Area Historic District, Capital District (Raleigh). Some of the names have become common place among locals such as the Warehouse, Fayetteville Street, and Glenwood South Districts. The Inside the Beltline neighborhoods include Cameron Park Historic District, Cameron Park, Boylan Heights (Raleigh, North Carolina), Boylan Heights, Country Club Hills, Coley Forest, Five Points, Budleigh, Glenwood-Brooklyn Historic District, Glenwood-Brooklyn, Hayes Barton Historic District, Moore Square Historic District, Moore Square, Mordecai Place Historic District, Mordecai (home to the historic Mordecai House), Rochester Heights, South Park, Rosengarten Park, Belvidere Park, Woodcrest, Oberlin Village, and Historic Oakwood. Inside the Beltline refers to I-440 which used to be called the Beltline before being re-branded to ease driver navigation. These neighborhoods were typically built before World War II.

Midtown Raleigh

Midtown Raleigh is a residential and commercial area just north of the I-440 Beltline and is part of North Raleigh. It is roughly framed by Glenwood/Creedmoor Road to the West, Wake Forest Road to the East, and Millbrook Road to the North. It includes shopping centers such as North Hills (Raleigh), North Hills and Crabtree Valley Mall. It also includes North Hills Park and part of the Raleigh Greenway System. The term was coined by the Greater Raleigh Chamber of Commerce, developer John Kane and planning director Mitchell Silver. The ''News & Observer'' newspaper started using the term for marketing purposes only. The Midtown Raleigh Alliance was founded on July 25, 2011 as a way for community leaders to promote the area.

East Raleigh

East Raleigh is situated roughly from Capital Boulevard near the Interstate 440 (North Carolina), I-440 beltline to New Hope Road. Most of East Raleigh's development is along primary corridors such as U.S. Route 1 in North Carolina, U.S. 1 (Capital Boulevard), New Bern Avenue, Poole Road, Buffaloe Road, and New Hope Road. Neighborhoods in East Raleigh include Hedingham, Longview, Lockwood, Madonna Acres Historic District (Raleigh, North Carolina), Madonna Acres, New Hope, Thompson-Hunter and Wilder's Grove. The area is bordered to the east by the town of Knightdale, North Carolina, Knightdale.

West Raleigh

West Raleigh lies along Hillsborough Street and Western Boulevard. The area is bordered to the west by suburban Cary, North Carolina, Cary. It is home to North Carolina State University, Meredith College, Pullen Park, Pullen Memorial Baptist Church, the Islamic Association of Raleigh, Village District, Lake Johnson, the North Carolina Museum of Art and historic Saint Mary's School (Raleigh, North Carolina), Saint Mary's School. Primary thoroughfares serving West Raleigh, in addition to Hillsborough Street, are Avent Ferry Road, Blue Ridge Road, and Western Boulevard. The PNC Arena is also located here adjacent to the North Carolina State Fairgrounds. These are located approximately 2 miles from Rex Hospital.

North Raleigh

North Raleigh is an expansive, diverse, and fast-growing suburban area of the city that is home to established neighborhoods to the south along with many newly built subdivision (land), subdivisions and along its northern fringes. The area generally falls North of Millbrook Road. It is primarily suburban with large shopping areas. Primary neighborhoods and subdivisions in North Raleigh include Bartons Creek Bluffs, Bedford, Bent Tree, Black Horse Run, Brier Creek, Brookhaven, Coachman's Trail, Crossgate, Crosswinds, Dominion Park, Durant Trails, Ethan's Glenn, Falls River, Greystone Village, Harrington Grove, Hidden Valley, Lake Park, Long Lake, North Haven, North Ridge Country Club, North Ridge, Oakcroft, Shannon Woods, Six Forks Station, Springdale Estates, Stonebridge, Stone Creek, Stonehenge, Summerfield, The Sanctuary, Valley Estates, Wakefield, Weathersfield, Windsor Forest, and Wood Valley. The area is served by a number of primary transportation corridors including Glenwood Avenue U.S. Route 70 (North Carolina), U.S. Route 70, Interstate 540 (North Carolina), Interstate 540, Wake Forest Road, Millbrook Road, Lynn Road, Six Forks Road, Spring Forest Road, Creedmoor Road, Leesville Road, Norwood Road, Strickland Road, and North Hills Drive.

South Raleigh

South Raleigh is located along U.S. Route 401 (North Carolina), U.S. 401 south toward Fuquay-Varina, North Carolina, Fuquay-Varina and along U.S. Route 70 in North Carolina, US 70 into suburban Garner, North Carolina, Garner. This area is the least developed and least dense area of Raleigh (much of the area lies within the Swift Creek Township, Wake County, North Carolina, Swift Creek drainage basin, watershed district, where development regulations limit housing densities and construction). The area is bordered to the west by Cary, North Carolina, Cary, to the east by Garner, North Carolina, Garner, to the southwest by Holly Springs, North Carolina, Holly Springs and the southeast by Fuquay-Varina. Neighborhoods in South Raleigh include Eagle Creek, Renaissance Park, Lake Wheeler, Swift Creek, Carolina Pines, Rhamkatte, Riverbrooke, and Enchanted Oaks.

Southeast Raleigh

Southeast Raleigh is bounded by downtown on the west, Garner, North Carolina, Garner on the southwest, and rural Wake County to the southeast. The area includes areas along Rock Quarry Road, Poole Road, and New Bern Avenue. Primary neighborhoods include Chastain, Chavis Heights, Raleigh Country Club, Southgate, Kingwood Forest, Rochester Heights, Emerald Village and Biltmore Hills. Coastal Credit Union Music Park (formerly Time Warner Cable Music Pavilion, Alltel Pavilion and Walnut Creek Amphitheatre) is one of the region's major outdoor concert venues and is located on Rock Quarry Road. Shaw University is located in this part of the city.


Like much of the Southeastern United States, Raleigh has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification, Köppen ''Cfa''). Winters are generally cool, with a normal January daily mean temperature of . On average, there are 69 nights per year that drop to or below freezing, and only 2.7 days that fail to rise above freezing. Raleigh receives an average annual rainfall of . Annual and monthly (temperature and) precipitation data are in chart below. April is the driest month, with an average of of precipitation. Precipitation is well distributed around the year, with a slight maximum between July and September; on average, July is the wettest month, owing to generally frequent, sometimes heavy, showers and thunderstorms. Summers are hot and humid, with a normal July daily mean temperature of . There are 48 days per year with highs at or above . Autumn is similar to spring overall but has fewer days of rainfall, but greater potential for extremely heavy rainfall in a one/two day period, owing to occasional threat from tropical weather systems (hurricanes and tropical storms) packing torrential rainfall. In September 1999, Raleigh recorded its wettest month ever, with over 21 inches of rain, due to torrential rainfall from tropical weather systems, most notably Hurricane Floyd on September 15–16. Extremes in temperature have ranged from on January 1985 Arctic outbreak, January 21, 1985 up to , most recently on Summer 2012 North American heat wave, June 29–30 and July 8, 2012. Raleigh falls in USDA hardiness zones 7b (5 °F to 10 °F) and 8a (10 °F to 15 °F).Raleigh receives an average of of snow in winter. Freezing rain and Ice pellets, sleet also occur most winters, and occasionally the area experiences a major damaging ice storm. On January 24–25, 2000, Raleigh received its greatest snowfall from a single stormthe January 25, 2000 Winter Storm, Winter Storm of January 2000. Storms of this magnitude are generally the result of cold air damming that affects the city due to its proximity to the Appalachian Mountains. Winter storms have caused traffic problems in the past as well. The region also experiences occasional periods of drought, during which the city sometimes has restricted water use by residents. During the late summer and early fall, Raleigh can experience hurricanes. In 1996, Hurricane Fran caused severe damage in the Raleigh area, mostly from falling trees. Hurricanes Dennis and Floyd in September 1999 were primary contributors to that month's extreme rainfall of over 21 inches. The most recent hurricane to have a considerable effect on the area was Hurricane Florence in 2018. Tornadoes also have on occasion affected the city of Raleigh, most notably the November 28, 1988 tornado which occurred in the early morning hours and rated F4 on the Fujita scale and affected northwestern portions of the city. There also was the April 16, 2011 EF3 tornado, which affected portions of downtown and northeast Raleigh and the suburb of Holly Springs.


In the American Community Survey of 2019, the city of Raleigh's population was estimated at 474,708; an earlier estimate determined the population at 474,069. The racial makeup of Raleigh in 2019 was 52.5% non-Hispanic white, 28.3% Black or African American, 0.4% American Indian or Alaska Native, 4.0% Asian American, 0.1% from some other race, 2.1% two or more races, 12.5% Hispanic or Latin American of any race. According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial composition of the city was: 57.5% White American, White (53.3% Non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic white), 29.3% Black (U.S. Census), Black or African American, 4.3% Asian American (1.2% Indian Americans, Indian, 0.8% Chinese Americans, Chinese, 0.7% Vietnamese Americans, Vietnamese, 0.5% Korean Americans, Korean, 0.4% Filipino Americans, Filipino, 0.1% Japanese Americans, Japanese), 2.6% Multiracial American, two or more races, 1.4% Race (United States Census), some other race, 0.5% Native Americans in the United States, Native American, and <0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander American, Other Pacific Islander In addition, 11.4% of city residents were Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Hispanic and Latino Americans, Latino Americans, of any race (5.9% Mexican Americans, Mexican, 1.1% Puerto Ricans, Puerto Rican, 0.9% Salvadoran Americans, Salvadoran, 0.6% Dominican Americans, Dominican, 0.6% Honduran Americans, Honduran, 0.3% Colombian Americans, Colombian, 0.3% Cuban Americans, Cuban, 0.2% Guatemalan Americans, Guatemalan, 0.2% Spanish Americans, Spanish, 0.2% Peruvian Americans, Peruvian, 0.1% Venezuelan Americans, Venezuelan, 0.1% Ecuadorian Americans, Ecuadorian, 0.1% Argentine Americans, Argentine, and 0.1% Panamanian Americans, Panamanian). At the 2000 United States Census, there were 276,093 persons (July 2008 estimate was 380,173) and 61,371 families residing in Raleigh. The population density was 2,409.2 people per square mile (930.2/km2). There were 120,699 housing units at an average density of 1,053.2 per square mile (406.7/km2). The racial composition of the city was: 63.31% White (U.S. Census), White, 27.80% Black (U.S. Census), Black or African American, 7.01% Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Hispanic and Latino Americans, Latino American, 3.38% Asian American, 0.36% Native Americans in the United States, Native American, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander American, Other Pacific Islander, 3.24% Race (United States Census), some other race, and 1.88% Multiracial American, two or more races. There were 112,608 households in the city in 2000, of which 26.5% included children below the age of 18, 39.5% were composed of married couples living together, 11.4% reported a female householder with no husband present, and 45.5% classified themselves as nonfamily. Unmarried partners were present in 2.2% of households. In addition, 33.1% of all households were composed of individuals living alone, of which 6.2% was someone 65 years of age or older. The average household size in Raleigh was 2.30 persons, and the average family size was 2.97 persons. Raleigh's population in 2000 was evenly distributed with 20.9% below the age of 18, 15.9% aged 18 to 24, 36.6% from 25 to 44, and 18.4% from 45 to 64. An estimated 8.3% of the population was 65 years of age or older, and the median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males; for every 100 females aged 18 or older, there were 96.6 males aged 18 or older. The median household income in the United States, household income in the city was $46,612 in 2000, and the median family income was $60,003. Males earned a median income of $39,248, versus $30,656 for females. The median per capita income for the city was $25,113, and an estimated 11.5% of the population and 7.1% of families were living below the poverty threshold, poverty line. Of the total population, 18.8% of those below the age of 18, and 9.3% of those 65 and older, were living below the poverty line. In 2019, an estimated 10.9% of the local population were at or below the poverty line. The median household income from 2014-2018 was $63,891 and the per capita income was $36,875. There were 180,046 households with an average of 2.43 persons per household. The median value of an owner-occupied housing unit was $236,700 in 2018 and the monthly cost with a mortgage was $1,480. The cost without a mortgage was $526. Raleigh had a median gross rent of $1,074.


Raleigh is home to a wide variety of religious practitioners. The predominant religion in Raleigh is Christianity, with the largest numbers of adherents being Baptist (14.1%), Methodist (5.6%), and Roman Catholic (4.2%). Others include Presbyterianism (2.8%), Pentecostalism (1.7%), Anglicanism, Anglican/Episcopalianism (1.2%), Lutheranism (0.6%), the Latter Day Saint movement, Latter-Day Saints (0.7%), and other Christian denominations (10.2%) including the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox Churches, Oriental Orthodox, Jehovah's Witness, Christian Science, Christian Unitarianism, other Mainline Protestant groups, and Nondenominational Christianity, non-denominational Christians. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh, the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, the North Carolina Annual Conference, North Carolina Annual Conference of the United Methodist Church, and the New Hope Presbytery of the PC(USA), Presbyterian Church (USA) are all headquartered in Raleigh. Other religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Baháʼí Faith, Baháʼí, Druze, Taoism, and Shintoism make up 1.31% of religious practitioners. Judaism (0.9%) and Islam (0.8%) are also practiced. In Wake County, 29% of the population are affiliated with the Southern Baptist Convention, 22% are affiliated with the Catholic Church, 17% are affiliated with the United Methodist Church, 6% are affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA), and 27% are religiously affiliated with other denominations, religions, or are not religiously affiliated.


According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reports, in 2019 the Raleigh Police Department (North Carolina), Raleigh Police Department and other agencies in the city reported 1,222 incidents of violent crime and 8,520 incidents of property crime – far below both the national average and the North Carolina average. Of the violent crimes reported, 5 were murders, 164 were rape/sexual assaults and 322 were robbery, robberies. Aggravated assault accounted for 731 of the total violent crimes. Property crimes included burglary, burglaries which accounted for 1,200, larceny, larcenies for 6,572 and Motor vehicle theft accounted for 748 incidents out of the total.


Raleigh's industrial base includes financial services, electrical, medical, electronic and telecommunications equipment, clothing and apparel, food processing, paper products, and pharmaceuticals. Raleigh is part of North Carolina's Research Triangle, one of the country's largest and most successful research parks, and a major center in the United States for high tech, high-tech and biotechnology, biotech research, as well as advanced textile development. The city is a major retail shipping point for eastern North Carolina and a wholesale distributing point for the grocery industry. The healthcare and pharmaceutical industry has experienced major growth in recent years with many companies based in Raleigh including PRA Health Sciences, Chiesi USA (subsidiary of Chiesi Farmaceutici), formerly Mallinckrodt prior to tax invasion with Ireland, MAKO Surgical Corp., Metabolon, TearScience, and American Board of Anesthesiology. Raleigh was number one on the 2015 Forbes list of the best place for businesses and careers. Companies based in Raleigh include Bandwidth (company), Bandwidth, BB&T Insurance Services, Building Materials Holding Corporation, Capitol Broadcasting Company, Carquest, First Citizens BancShares, Golden Corral, Martin Marietta Materials, PRA Health Sciences, Red Hat, Waste Industries, and Lulu (company), Lulu. Social Blade, a website that tracks social media statistics and analytics, and Temple Run developer Imangi Studios are based in Raleigh. In April 2014 Steven P. Rosenthal of Northland Investment Corp. referred to Raleigh as "a real concentration of brain power. You have a lot of smart people living in the same place. That will drive the economy."

Top employers

According to Raleigh's 2017–18 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

Arts and culture


*African American Cultural Complex *Contemporary Art Museum of Raleigh *Gregg Museum of Art & Design at North Carolina State University *Haywood Hall House & Gardens *Marbles Kids Museum *North Carolina Museum of Art *North Carolina Museum of History *North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences *North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame *City of Raleigh Museum *J. C. Raulston Arboretum *Joel Lane House *Mordecai House, Mordecai Plantation *Pope House Museum

Performing arts

The Coastal Credit Union Music Park at Walnut Creek hosts major international touring acts. In 2011, the Downtown Raleigh Amphitheater opened (now sponsored as the Red Hat Amphitheater), which hosts numerous concerts primarily in the summer months. An additional amphitheater sits on the grounds of the North Carolina Museum of Art, which hosts a summer concert series and outdoor movies. Nearby Cary is home to the Koka Booth Amphitheatre which hosts additional summer concerts and outdoor movies, and serves as the venue for regularly scheduled outdoor concerts by the North Carolina Symphony based in Raleigh. During the North Carolina State Fair, Dorton Arena hosts headline acts. The private Lincoln Theatre is one of several clubs in downtown Raleigh that schedules many concerts throughout the year in multiple formats (rock, pop, country). The Duke Energy Center for the Performing Arts complex houses the Raleigh Memorial Auditorium, the Fletcher Opera Theater, the Kennedy Theatre, and the Meymandi Concert Hall. In 2008, a new theatre space, the Meymandi Theatre at the Murphey School, was opened in the restored auditorium of the historic Murphey School. Theater performances are also offered at the Raleigh Little Theatre, Long View Center, Theatre In The Park, Ira David Wood III Pullen Park Theatre, and Stewart and Thompson Theaters at North Carolina State University. Raleigh is home to several professional arts organizations, including the North Carolina Symphony, the Opera Company of North Carolina, Theatre In The Park, Burning Coal Theatre Company, the North Carolina Theatre, Broadway Series South and the Carolina Ballet. The numerous local colleges and universities significantly add to the options available for viewing live performances.

Visual arts

North Carolina Museum of Art, occupying a large suburban campus on Blue Ridge Road near the North Carolina State Fairgrounds, maintains one of the premier public art collections located between Washington, D.C., and Atlanta. In addition to its extensive collections of Visual arts of the United States, American Art, Western art history, European Art and ancient art, the museum recently has hosted major exhibitions featuring Auguste Rodin (in 2000) and Claude Monet (in 2006-07), each attracting more than 200,000 visitors. Unlike most prominent public museums, the North Carolina Museum of Art acquired a large number of the works in its permanent collection through purchases with public funds. The museum's outdoor park is one of the largest such sculpture park, art parks in the country. The museum facility underwent a major expansion which greatly expanded the exhibit space that was completed in 2010. The 127,000 sf new expansion is designed by NYC architect Thomas Phifer, Thomas Phifer and Partners. Raleigh's downtown is also home to many local art galleries such as Art Space in City Market (Raleigh, North Carolina), City Market, Visual Art Exchange, and 311 Gallery, on Martin Street, and Bee Hive Studios on Hargett Street. Contemporary Art Museum of Raleigh, CAM Raleigh is a downtown contemporary art museum, also on Martin Street, that serves to promote new artists and does not house a permanent collection. CAM Raleigh was designed by the award-winning architectural firm Brooks+Scarpa of Los Angeles.



The National Hockey League's Carolina Hurricanes franchise moved to Raleigh in 1997 from Hartford, Connecticut (where it was known as the Hartford Whalers). The team played its first two seasons more than 60 miles away at Greensboro Coliseum while its home arena, Raleigh Entertainment and Sports Arena (later RBC Center and now PNC Arena), was under construction. The Hurricanes are the only major league (National Football League, NFL, National Hockey League, NHL, National Basketball Association, NBA, Major League Baseball, MLB) professional sports team in North Carolina to have won a championship, winning the Stanley Cup in 2006, over the Edmonton Oilers. The city played host to the 2011 National Hockey League All-Star Game, 2011 NHL All-Star Game. In addition to the Hurricanes, the North Carolina FC of the United Soccer League and North Carolina Courage women's professional soccer team play in suburban Cary to the west; the Carolina Mudcats, a Single-A (baseball), Single-A minor-league baseball team, play in the city's eastern suburbs; the newly formed Single-A (baseball), Single-A minor-league baseball Fayetteville Woodpeckers, who formerly played in Buies Creek, North Carolina, Buies Creek, began play in the nearby out-of-county southern suburb of Fayetteville, North Carolina, Fayetteville when their Fayetteville Ballpark, new ballpark opened in 2019; the Raleigh Flyers (AUDL), Raleigh Flyers of the American Ultimate Disc League play primarily at Cardinal Gibbons High School near the PNC Arena; and the Durham Bulls, the Triple-A (baseball), AAA minor-league baseball team made internationally famous by the movie ''Bull Durham'', play in the neighboring city of Durham. Several other professional sports leagues have had former franchises (now defunct) in Raleigh, including the Raleigh IceCaps of the ECHL (1991–1998); Carolina Cobras of the Arena Football League (2000–2004); the Raleigh–Durham Skyhawks of the World League of American Football (1991); the Raleigh Bullfrogs of the Global Basketball Association (1991–1992); the Raleigh Cougars of the United States Basketball League (1997–1999); and most recently, the Carolina Courage of the Women's United Soccer Association (2000–2001 in Chapel Hill, 2001–2003 in suburban Cary), which won that league's championship Founders Cup in 2002. The Raleigh area has hosted the Professional Golfers' Association of America, Professional Golfers' Association (PGA) Nationwide Tour Rex Hospital Open since 1994, with the current location of play at Raleigh's Wakefield Plantation. Nearby Prestonwood Country Club hosts the PGA SAS Championship every fall.


North Carolina State University is located in southwest Raleigh where the North Carolina State Wolfpack, Wolfpack competes nationally in 24 intercollegiate varsity sports as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. The university's football team plays in Carter–Finley Stadium, the second largest football stadium in North Carolina, while the men's basketball team shares the PNC Arena with the Carolina Hurricanes hockey club. The Wolfpack women's basketball, volleyball, and gymnastics as well as men's wrestling events are held on campus at Reynolds Coliseum. The men's baseball team plays at Doak Field.


The North Carolina Tigers compete as an Australian rules football, Australian Rules football club in the United States Australian Football League, in the Eastern Australian Football League. Raleigh is also home to one of the Cheer Extreme All Stars gyms. In 2009 and again in 2010, Cheer Extreme Raleigh's Small Senior Level 5 Team were silver medalists at the Cheerleading Worlds Competition in Orlando, Florida, and in 2012 they received the bronze medal. Raleigh is also home to one of the Southeast's premier Hardcourt Bike Polo clubs. Because of the area's many billiards rooms, Raleigh is home to one of the largest amateur league franchises for playing pool (cue sports), pool, the Raleigh, Durham, Chapel Hill American Poolplayers Association. There are leagues available in formats for players of any skill level.

Parks and recreation

Raleigh is the home of Raleigh Kubb, both a competitive and non-competitive kubb club. Raleigh Kubb hosts kubb tournaments benefitting various charities in the Raleigh area. The Raleigh Parks and Recreation Department offers a wide variety of leisure opportunities at more than 150 sites throughout the city, which include: of park land, of greenway (landscape), greenway, 22 community centre, community centers, a Bicycle Motocross, BMX championship-caliber race track, 112 tennis courts among 25 locations, 5 public lakes, and 8 public aquatic facilities. The J. C. Raulston Arboretum, an 8-acre (32,000 m²) arboretum and botanical garden in west Raleigh administered by North Carolina State University, maintains a year-round collection that is open daily to the public without charge.


Historically, Raleigh voters have tended to elect conservative Democrats in local, state, and national elections, a holdover from their one-party system of the late 19th century.

City Council

Raleigh operates under a council-manager government. Raleigh City Council consists of eight members; all seats, including the Mayor of Raleigh, North Carolina, Mayor's, are open for election every two years. Five of the council seats are district representatives and two seats are citywide representatives elected at-large. *Mary-Ann Baldwin, Mayor *Jonathan Melton, Council Member, At-Large *Nicole Stewart, Council Member, At-Large *Patrick Buffkin, Council Member (District A, north-central Raleigh) *David Cox, Council Member (District B, northeast Raleigh) *Corey Branch, Council Member (District C, southeast Raleigh) *Stormie Forte, Council Member (District D, southwest Raleigh) *David Knight, Council Member (District E, west and northwest Raleigh)


As of 2011, ''Time (magazine), Time'' ranked Raleigh as the third most educated city in the US based on the percentage of residents who held college degrees. This statistic can most likely be credited to the presence of universities in and around Raleigh, as well as the presence of Research Triangle Park (RTP) to the Northwest.

Higher education


* North Carolina State University *Wake Technical Community College


*Campbell University Norman Adrian Wiggins School of Law (Baptist) *Meredith College (Baptist) *Montreat College's ''School of Professional and Adult Studies'' (Presbyterian) *William Peace University (Presbyterian) *Shaw University (Baptist) *Skema Business School, the first French Business School to open a campus in the USA *St. Augustine's University (Episcopal)

Private, for profit

*ECPI College of Technology * The Medical Arts School *Strayer University

Primary and secondary education

Public schools

Public schools in Raleigh are operated by the Wake County Public School System, the largest public school system in the Carolinas. Observers have praised the Wake County Public School System for its innovative efforts to maintain a socially, economically and racial balanced system by using income as a prime factor in assigning students to schools. Raleigh is home to three magnet school, magnet high schools and three high schools offering the International Baccalaureate program. There are four early college high schools in Raleigh. Raleigh also has two Alternative school, alternative high schools. Wake County Public high schools in Raleigh include:

=Traditional schools

= *Needham B. Broughton High School (International Baccalaureate) *Leesville Road High School *Jesse O. Sanderson High School *Wakefield High School (Raleigh, North Carolina), Wakefield High School

=Magnet schools

= *Athens Drive High School *William G. Enloe High School, William G. Enloe GT/IB Center for the Humanities, Sciences, and the Arts (International Baccalaureate) *Millbrook High School (North Carolina), Millbrook High School (International Baccalaureate) *Southeast Raleigh Magnet High School

=Alternative schools

= *Longview School *Phillips High School (North Carolina), Mary E. Phillips High School

=Early college schools

= *Wake Young Men's Leadership Academy *Wake Young Women's Leadership Academy *Wake STEM Early College High School *Wake Early College of Health and Sciences

Charter schools

The State of North Carolina provides for a legislated number of charter schools. These schools are administered independently of the Wake County Public School System. Raleigh is currently home to 11 such charter schools: *Casa Esperanza Montessori method, Montessori School (K-8) *Endeavor Charter School (K-8) *Exploris Middle School (1-8) *Hope Elementary School (K-5) *Longleaf School of the Arts (9-12) *Magellan Charter School (3-8) *PreEminent Charter School (K-8) *Quest Academy (K-8) *Raleigh Charter High School (9-12) *Torchlight Academy (K-6) *Woods Charter School (K-12)

Private and religion-based schools

*Al-Iman Islamic School (K-8) *An Noor Quran Academy (3-8) *Bonner Academy (5-8) *Follow the Child Montessori School (K-6) *Friendship Christian School (North Carolina), Friendship Christian School of Raleigh (Baptist, 1-12) *Gethsemane Seventh-day Adventist Church School (K-8) *Grace Christian School (North Carolina), Grace Christian School (K-12) *Jewish Academy of Wake County (K-3) *Montessori School of Raleigh (K-9) *Neuse Baptist Christian School (K-12) *North Raleigh Christian Academy (Protestant Christian, K-12) *Raleigh Christian Academy (Baptist, K-12) *Raleigh School, The Raleigh School (K-5) *Ravenscroft School (K-12) *The Trilogy School (2-12) *Trinity Academy of Raleigh (Protestant Christian, K-12) *Upper Room Christian Academy (PreK-12) *Wake Christian Academy (K-12) *Word of God Christian Academy (Protestant Christian, K-12) *Thales Academy (PreK-12) *St. David's School (Raleigh, North Carolina), St. David's School (non-denominational Christian, K-12) ;Episcopal schools *St. Timothy's School *Saint Mary's School (Raleigh, North Carolina), St. Mary's School (Episcopal, 9-12) ;Catholic secondary schools *Cardinal Gibbons High School (Raleigh, North Carolina), Cardinal Gibbons High School (Catholic, 9-12) *Saint Thomas More Academy, St. Thomas More Academy (Catholic, 9-12) ;Catholic primary schools *The Franciscan School (Catholic, K-8) *Sacred Heart Cathedral (Raleigh, North Carolina), Cathedral School (Catholic, PreK-8) *Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School (K-8) *St. Raphael the Archangel Catholic Church, St. Raphael the Archangel Catholic School (PreK-8)


Print publications

There are several newspapers and periodicals serving Raleigh: *''The News & Observer'', a large daily newspaper owned by The McClatchy Company *''The Triangle Downtowner Magazine'', a locally owned free monthly print magazine centered around high-density areas of the Triangle with features on dining, entertainment, wine, community, history and more *''Technician (newspaper), Technician'', student publication of North Carolina State University *''The Carolinian'', North Carolina's oldest and largest African-American newspaper published twice weekly *''Midtown Magazine'' an upscale Raleigh lifestyle magazine *''Raleigh Magazine'' a glossy print magazine covering exclusively Raleigh *''Walter Magazine'' a magazine covering Covering the art, culture and people of Raleigh *''The Slammer'', a paid bi-weekly newspaper featuring Raleigh crime news *''Carolina Journal'', a free monthly newspaper *''Independent Weekly'', a free weekly tabloid covering Raleigh, Durham, and the surrounding area



Raleigh is part of the Raleigh-Durham-Fayetteville, North Carolina, Fayetteville Designated Market Area, the 24th largest broadcast television market in the United States. The following stations are licensed to Raleigh and/or have significant operations and viewers in the city: *UNC-TV, WUNC-TV (4, PBS): licensed to Chapel Hill, owned by the University of North Carolina *WRAL-TV (5, NBC): city of license, licensed to the city of Raleigh, owned by Capitol Broadcasting Company *WTVD (11, American Broadcasting Company, ABC): licensed to the city of Durham; news bureau located in Raleigh. ABC Owned-and-operated station, O&O owned by ABC Owned Television Stations *WNCN, WNCN-TV (17, CBS): studios located in Raleigh, licensed to the city of Goldsboro, North Carolina, Goldsboro southeast of Raleigh; owned by Nexstar Media Group *WLFL, WLFL-TV (22, The CW, CW): licensed to the city of Raleigh, owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group *WRDC (28, MyNetworkTV, MyNet) licensed to Durham, owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group *WRAY-TV (30, TCT) licensed to Wilson, owned by Tri-State Christian Television *WUVC-DT (40, Univision) licensed to Fayetteville. Univision Owned-and-operated station, O&O owned by Univision Communications *WRPX-TV (47, Ion Television, Ion) licensed to Rocky Mount, with studios in Raleigh. Owned by Ion Media Networks *WRAZ (TV), WRAZ-TV (50, Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox): licensed to the city of Raleigh, owned by Capitol Broadcasting Company *WAUG-LD (8, Independent station) licensed to Raleigh, owned and operated by Saint Augustine's College *WRTD-CD (54, Telemundo): licensed to Raleigh. Telemundo Owned-and-operated station, O&O owned by NBCUniversal

Broadcast radio

Public and listener-supported

*WKNC-FM – 88.1 FM (College rock), operated by students of North Carolina State University *WRKV – 88.9 FM (Contemporary Christian), operated by Educational Media Foundation *WCPE, WCPE-FM – 89.7 FM (Classical music, Classical) *WUNC (FM), WUNC-FM – 91.5 FM (National Public Radio, North Carolina Public Radio) operated by the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC, UNC-Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Chapel Hill, or simply Carolina) is a public university, public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The flagship university, flagship of the U ...
*WRLY-LP – 93.5 FM (Adult hits), operated by Triangle Access Broadcasting, Inc. *WKRP-LP – 101.9 FM (Variety (radio), Variety), operated by Oak City Media, Inc.


*WDCG-FM (G105, Contemporary hit radio) *WDCG-HD2 (ALT 95.3, Alternative rock, analogue broadcast on 95.3 FM W237BZ) *WQDR-FM (94.7QDR, Country music, Country) *WBBB-FM 96.1 (Radio 96.1, Adult hits) *WRAL (FM), WRAL-FM (Mix 101.5, Adult contemporary music, Adult contemporary) *WKIX-FM (KIX 102.9, Classic hits) *WPTF-AM (NewsRadio 680, Talk radio, News/Talk) *WQOK-FM (K97.5, Hip hop) *WFXC-FM/WFXK-FM (Foxy 107/104, Urban adult contemporary) *WRDU-FM (100.7, Classic rock) *WNCB-FM (93.9 B939 FM, Country music, Country) *WTKK-FM (106.1 FM, Talk radio, News/Talk) *WNNL-FM (103.9 The Light, Urban contemporary gospel) *WWPL-FM (96.9 Pulse FM, Contemporary hits) *WPTK-AM (Just Right Radio 850 and 104.7 FM, Popular standards) *WQDR(AM), WQDR-AM (570, classic rock) *WCLY-AM (That Station, Adult album alternative) *WAUG (AM), 750 WAUG




=Raleigh-Durham International Airport

= Raleigh-Durham International Airport, the region's primary airport and the second-largest in North Carolina, located northwest of downtown Raleigh via Interstate-40 between Raleigh and Durham, serves the city and greater Research Triangle metropolitan region, as well as much of eastern North Carolina. The airport offers service to more than 35 domestic and international destinations and serves approximately 10 million passengers a year. The airport also offers facilities for cargo airline, cargo and general aviation. The airport authority tripled the size of its Terminal 2 (formerly Terminal C) in January 2011. * Private Airport. Private general aviation airports in Raleigh include Triple W Airport .

Freeways and primary designated routes

=Interstate Highways

= *Interstate 40 in North Carolina, I-40 traverses the southern part of the city, connecting Raleigh to Durham and Chapel Hill toward the west, and coastal Wilmington, North Carolina to the southeast. *Interstate 440 (North Carolina), I-440, also known locally as the Raleigh Beltline, it forms part of the inner beltway around central Raleigh, forming the eastern, northern, and western portions, with I-40 forming the southern portion. *Interstate 540 (North Carolina), I-540/NC 540, when complete, will be a full outer beltway around Raleigh. The northern and western quadrants are complete and open to traffic, while the remaining two quadrants are currently under construction. *Interstate 87 (North Carolina), I-87, designated September 5, 2017, follows the former route of Interstate 495. It begins at the I-40/I-440 interchange southeast of Raleigh and runs east, meeting I-540 and currently terminating at Rolesville Road. It is entirely concurrent with US 64. When the route is completed it will link Raleigh to the Norfolk, Virginia area.

=United States Highways

= *U.S. Route 1 in North Carolina, U.S. Route 1 enters the city from the north along Capital Boulevard, joins I-440 around the west side of Raleigh, and leaves the city to the southwest as the US 1/US 64 expressway in Cary. *U.S. Route 64 in North Carolina, U.S. Route 64 is the main east-west route through Raleigh; all segments share routes with another highway. East of the city, US-64/US-264 is known as the Knightdale Bypass. US 64 follows I-440 (as a wrong way concurrency) and I-40 along southern Raleigh, and US 1 to the southwest. A former alignment, designated as Business US-64, follows New Bern Avenue from the I-440 Beltline to the eastern boundary of the city, where it continues into Knightdale. *U.S. Route 70 in North Carolina, U.S. Route 70 runs roughly northwest-southeast through Raleigh. North of downtown, the route follows Glenwood Avenue into Durham. South of Raleigh, the route (along with US 401 and NC 50) follows South Saunders and South Wilmington Streets into Garner. Through downtown, US 70 uses small segments of several streets, including Wade Avenue, Capital Boulevard, Dawson, and McDowell Streets. *U.S. Route 264 (North Carolina), U.S. Route 264 cosigned with US 64 through East Raleigh. *U.S. Route 401 (North Carolina), U.S. Route 401 north of downtown Raleigh it follows Capital Boulevard and Louisburg Road. South of downtown it is cosigned with US 70 from Wade Avenue southward.

=North Carolina Highways

= *North Carolina Highway 54, N.C. Route 54 follows Chapel Hill Road and Hillsborough Street in West Raleigh. The route ends at its interchange with Interstate 440 (North Carolina), I-440. *North Carolina Highway 50, N.C. Route 50 is a north-south route through Raleigh. North of Raleigh it follows Creedmoor Road. NC 50 joins US 70 and later US 401 in downtown Raleigh. The three routes remain together through south Raleigh. *North Carolina Highway 98, N.C. Route 98, known as Durham Road in North Raleigh, traverses the extreme northern parts of the city.

Intercity rail

Raleigh (Amtrak station), Raleigh's train station is one of Amtrak's busiest stops in the Southern United States, Southern U.S. The station is served by five passenger trains daily: the ''Silver Star (Amtrak train), Silver Star'', thrice-daily ''Piedmont (train), Piedmont'' service, and the ''Carolinian (train), Carolinian.'' Daily service is offered between Raleigh and: *Charlotte, North Carolina, Charlotte, with intermediate stops including Cary, Durham, Burlington, North Carolina, Burlington and Greensboro, North Carolina, Greensboro, North Carolina. *New York City, with intermediate stops including Richmond, Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Baltimore; and Philadelphia. *Miami, with intermediate stops including Columbia, South Carolina, and Savannah, Georgia; as well as Jacksonville, Florida, Jacksonville, Orlando, Florida, Orlando and Tampa, Florida.

Public transit

Public transportation in and around Raleigh is provided by GoRaleigh (formerly Capital Area Transit), which operates 33 fixed bus routes, including the R-Line (Capital Area Transit), R-Line and the Wake-Forest Loop. Although there are 33 routes, some routes are designed to cover multiple other routes at times when they are not served. Depending on the time of the day, and the day of the week, the number of routes operating is between 5 and 29. Raleigh is also served by GoTriangle (formerly Triangle Transit Authority). GoTriangle offers scheduled, fixed-route regional and commuter bus service between Raleigh and the region's other principal cities of Durham, Cary and Chapel Hill, as well as to and from the Raleigh-Durham International Airport, Research Triangle Park and several of the region's larger suburban communities. Triangle Transit also coordinates an extensive vanpool and carpool, rideshare program that serves the region's larger employers and commute destinations. North Carolina State University also maintains its own transit system, the Wolfline, that provides zero-fare bus service to the general public along multiple routes serving the university's campuses in southwest Raleigh. Government agencies throughout the Raleigh-Durham metropolitan area have struggled with determining the best means of providing fixed-rail transit service for the region. From 1995 the cornerstone of Triangle Transit's long-term plan was a 28-mile rail corridor from northeast Raleigh, through downtown Raleigh, Cary, North Carolina, Cary, and Research Triangle Park, to Durham using Diesel multiple unit, DMU technology. There were proposals to extend this corridor 7 miles to Chapel Hill with light rail technology. However, in 2006 Triangle Transit deferred implementation indefinitely when the Federal Transit Administration declined to fund the program due to low ridership projections. The region's two metropolitan planning organizations appointed a group of local citizens in 2007 to reexamine options for future transit development in light of Triangle Transit's problems. The Special Transit Advisory Commission (STAC) retained many of the provisions of Triangle Transit's original plan, but recommended adding new bus services and raising additional revenues by adding a new local half-cent sales tax to fund the project. Greyhound Lines provides an inter-city bus service to Durham, Charlotte, Richmond, Washington, D.C., Atlanta, and other cities.

Bicycle and pedestrian

*The Maine-to-Florida U.S. Bicycle Route#1 routes through suburban Raleigh, along with North Carolina Bicycle Route 2, N.C. Bicycle Route #2, the "Mountains To Sea" route. As of September 2010, maps and signage for both US Bike Route #1 and NC Bike Route #2 are out-of-date for the Raleigh area. North Carolina Bicycle Route 5, N.C. Bicycle Route #5 is routed nearby, connecting Apex to Wilmington, North Carolina, Wilmington and closely paralleling the NCBC Randonneurs 600 kilometer brevet route. *Most public buses are equipped with bicycle racks, and some roads have dedicated bicycle-only lanes. Bicyclists and pedestrians also may use Raleigh's extensive Capital Area Greenway, greenway system, with paths and trails located throughout the city. *In May 2011, Raleigh was designated a Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists at the Bronze level. *A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Raleigh 36th most walkable of fifty largest U.S. cities. *In 2002, the "Walk [Your City]" initiative was started in the city which provides a tool kit for neighborhood organizations to post signs giving a distance by bike or foot, with directions in scannable QR code. The movement has spread to more than 400 communities in 55 countries.

Public safety

The Raleigh Fire Department provides fire protection throughout the city. The North Carolina Correctional Institution for Women, the state's primary correctional facility housing female inmates, is based in Raleigh.

Notable people

Sister cities

Raleigh has several sister cities: * Xiangyang, Hubei, China * Compiègne, Oise, Hauts-de-France, France * Kingston upon Hull, England, United Kingdom * Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany * Nairobi, Kenya

See also

* List of capitals in the United States * List of municipalities in North Carolina * National Register of Historic Places listings in Wake County, North Carolina



Further reading

* * Benjamin, Karen (March 2012)
"Suburbanizing Jim Crow: The Impact of School Policy on Residential Segregation in Raleigh"
''Journal of Urban History'', ''38''(2), pp. 225–46. . * *

External links

* * * Raleigh Directory

Guide to the Ray Winstead Collection of Aerial Photographs of Raleigh, North Carolina Circa 1970
{{Authority control Raleigh, North Carolina, 1792 establishments in North Carolina Cities in Durham County, North Carolina Cities in Wake County, North Carolina County seats in North Carolina Planned cities in the United States Populated places established in 1792 Populated places on the Neuse River Research Triangle University towns in the United States Walter Raleigh Capitals of North Carolina