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Nellis Air Force Base ("Nellis" colloq.) is a
United States Air Force The United States Air Force (USAF) is the air service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the eight U.S. uniformed services. Initially formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as ...
installation Installation may refer to: * Installation (computer programs) * Installation, work of installation art * Installation, military base * Installation, into an office, especially a religious (Installation (Christianity)) or political one {{disam ...
in
southern Nevada Southern Nevada (SNV) is a region and the southern portion of the U.S. state of Nevada which includes the Las Vegas Valley. It also includes the areas in and around Pahrump and Pioche. Tonopah and Hawthorne are sometimes also referred to as part of ...
with military schools and more squadrons than any other USAF base. Nellis hosts
air combat ''Air Combat'' is a 1995 combat flight simulation video game developed and published for the PlayStation by Namco. The plot involves a mercenary air force being assembled to stop a terrorist organization from seizing control of the government in ...
exercises such as
Exercise Red Flag Exercise Red Flag is a two-week advanced aerial combat training exercise held several times a year by the United States Air Force. It aims to offer realistic air-combat training for military pilots and other flight crew members from the United S ...
and
close air support In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets near friendly forces and require detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement o ...
exercises such as Green Flag-West flown in " Military Operations Area (MOA) airspace", associated with the nearby
Nevada Test and Training Range The Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR) is one of two military training areas at the Nellis Air Force Base Complex in Nevada and used by the United States Air Force Warfare Center at Nellis Air Force Base. The NTTR land area includes a "simula ...
(NTTR). The base also has the Combined
Air and Space Operations Center An Air Operations Center (AOC) is a type of command center used by the United States Air Force (USAF). It is the senior agency of the Air Force component commander to provide command and control of air operations.World War I World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "the war to end all wars", i ...
, Nevada and other western inland states were surveyed by Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Sgt. William B. Whitefield for landing sites, and by "mid-1925 the Air Service possessed information on nearly thirty-five hundred landing places, including more than twenty-eight hundred emergency landing areas, in the United States." The 1929 airfield (dirt runway, water well, and small operations shack) north of
Las Vegas Las Vegas (; Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populous city in the United States, the most populous city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark Count ...
—operated by the 1925
Western Air Express Western Airlines was a major airline based in California, operating in the western United States including Alaska and Hawaii, and western Canada, as well as to New York City, Boston, Washington, D.C., and Miami and to Mexico, London and Nassau. ...
for Contract
Air Mail and Brück Airmail (or air mail) is a mail transport service branded and sold on the basis of at least one leg of its journey being by air. Airmail items typically arrive more quickly than surface mail, and usually cost more to send. Airmai ...
(CAM) Route #4, LA-to- SLC—was used by the Army Air Corps in the 1930s for training flights (the 'WA' aircraft tailcodes reflect Western Air Express). After the
Invasion of Poland The Invasion of Poland, also known as September campaign ( pl, Kampania wrześniowa), 1939 defensive war ( pl, Wojna obronna 1939 roku) and Poland campaign (german: Überfall auf Polen, Polenfeldzug), was an attack on the Second Polish Republic by ...
in 1939, the "western site board" had located a southern Nevada area "near Tonopah, Nev" by April 1940 for a military range, and in October 1940, Air Corps Major David Schlatter surveyed the southwest United States for a military airfield. "The 60 × 90 mile area at Tonopah was transferred to the War Department on 29 October 1940" by Executive Order 8578.


McCarran Field

Renamed to McCarran Field in the mid-1930s, there were "difficulties in securing the use" of the airfield north of Las Vegas for a Nevada World War II Army Airfield. McCarran Field was bought on 2 January 1941 by the City of
Las Vegas Las Vegas (; Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populous city in the United States, the most populous city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark Count ...
, was leased to the Army on 5 January, and was "signed over" to the
Quartermaster Corps The United States Army Quartermaster Corps, formerly the Quartermaster Department, is a Sustainment, formerly combat service support (CSS), branch of the United States Army. It is also one of three U.S. Army logistics branches, the others being th ...
on 25 January—Army construction began in March 1941. The city's Federal Building became the May 1941 location of the 79th Air Base Group detachment (5 staff officers commanded by Lt. Col. Martinus Stenseth), and a month later 5 administrative NCOs plus other support personnel arrived. WPA barracks in Las Vegas were used for enlisted men, and the motor pool with 6 vintage trucks and a semi-trailer was next to the WPA barracks. Vehicle parts were from local service stations and gasoline and oil from the
Civilian Conservation Corps The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a voluntary public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men ages 18–25 and eventually expanded to ages 17–28. Robert Fechner was the fir ...
(the
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brothel 250px, The former Pascha brothel in Cologne, Germany was the largest brothel in Europe.7 December, 10
AT-6 Texan The North American Aviation T-6 Texan is an American single-engined advanced trainer aircraft used to train pilots of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), United States Navy, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force and other air forces o ...
advanced flight trainers and 17
Martin B-10 The Martin B-10 was the first all-metal monoplane bomber to be regularly used by the United States Army Air Corps, entering service in June 1934.Jackson 2003, p. 246. It was also the first mass-produced bomber whose performance was superior to t ...
bombers were at the airfield.


Las Vegas Army Airfield

Las Vegas Army Airfield was both activated and began flying training on 20 December 1941. Gunnery training began in January 1942, with guntruck platforms being used in January and February.. Many pieces of the destroyed aerial drone targets litter the hillside north of the gunnery range, and can be seen in town when the sun reflects off them. The first
B-17 Flying Fortress The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engined heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC). Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing entry (prototype Model 299/ ...

B-17 Flying Fortress
es arrived in 1942 and allowed training of 600 gunnery students and 215 co-pilots from the field every five weeks at the height of the war. More than 45,000 B-17 gunners were trained; the USAAF training movie ''The Rear Gunner'' was filmed at the airfield in 1943. The 82d Flying Training Wing (Flexible Gunnery) was activated at the base as one of ten
Army Air Forces Flying Training Command An army (from Latin ''arma'' "arms, weapons" via Old French ''armée'', "armed" eminine, ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land. In the broadest sense, it is the land-based military branch, service branch or ...
wings on 23 August 1943. By 1944, gunnery students utilized B-17,
B-24 Liberator The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California. It was known within the company as the Model 32, and some initial production aircraft were laid down as export models desi ...
and B-40 Flying Fortress gunship aircraft (for example by firing at aircraft-towed targets). In March 1945, the base switched to
B-29 The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is an American four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing and flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War. Named in allusion to its predecessor, the B-17 Flying ...
gunnery training which included the manipulation trainer on the ground with camera guns. The subsequent population peaked with nearly 11,000 officers and enlisted personnel including more than 4,700 students. Flexible gunnery training ended in September 1945, and the base became a demobilization center for soldiers' separation physicals and final pay. A course of navigator, bombardier, and radar operator training planned for LVAAF was instead begun at
Mather Army Airfield Mather Air Force Base (Mather AFB) was a United States Air Force Base, which was closed in 1993 pursuant to a post-Cold War BRAC decision. It was located east of Sacramento, on the south side of U.S. Route 50 in Sacramento County, California ...
in June 1946. AAF Training Command closed LVAAF which went on caretaker status 28 August 1946 ("officially deactivated in January 1947"). During the planning for a separate air force, the Las Vegas AAF was reactivated "30 Aug 47 as a subinstallation of Mather", and it transferred to the USAF after the branch was created in September.


Las Vegas Air Force Base

Renamed Las Vegas Air Force Base on 13 January 1948 and assigned as a subinstallation of Williams AFB on 1 April, the 3595th Pilot Training Wing (Advanced Single-Engine) was established on 22 December 1948. Training began at Las Vegas AFB on 1 March 1949 with 5 squadrons using P-51 Mustangs for a 6-month course (3,000 USAF pilots needed trained by 1950). The 3525th Aircraft Gunnery Squadron activated on 11 February 1949, the base hosted the 1st USAF Gunnery Meet on 2 May, and ATC opened its LVAFB Aircraft Gunnery School on 15 May 1949.


Nellis AFB

Nellis Air Force Base was named on 30 April 1950, and the 20 May 1950 dedication was attended by William Harrell Nellis, Lieutenant Nellis' family. By 1 July the Air Force had directed ATC to accelerate Korean War training for a new 95-wing Air Force. The first school opened at Nellis, and ATC redesignated the 3595th Pilot Training Wing (Advanced Single-Engine) as the 3595th Training Wing (Combat Crew). On 17 July 1950, Nellis began a replacement pilot training program to provide 115 Far East Air Force (United States), FEAF F-51 Mustang pilots and 92 combat-ready F-80 Shooting Star pilots. Nellis' advanced single-engine pilot training Craig AFB, transferred to Alabama on 1 September 1950. Nellis assumed fighter-bomber training, and ATC established its USAF Air Crew School (Fighter) on 14 November 1950, equipped with F-80s and early-model F-84C Thunderjets. On 1 October, Nellis AFB base management functions transferred from Williams AFB. In early 1951, ATC assigned recently graduated airplane and engine mechanics to Nellis to learn jet aircraft maintenance. The airfield was expanded 1951–1954 with longer jet-capable runways, reconfigured taxiways and a larger aircraft parking ramp; and World War II wooden structures were replaced with concrete and steel structures (e.g., barracks and base housing for married personnel). The first Wherry houses were completed in 1954, with updated Capehart houses being completed in February 1960.


USAF Fighter Weapons School

The USAF Weapons School, USAF Fighter Weapons School was designated on 1 January 1954 from the squadron when the Air Crew School graduated its last Combat Crew Training Class (the primary Weapons School mission was gunnery instructor training.) In the mid-1950s for Operation Teapot nuclear testing, 1 of the 12 Zone Commanders was based at Nellis AFB for community liaison/public relationsOperation Teapot report (weapons for other atomic tests were stored at Nellis). Air Training Command suspended training at the Nellis fighter weapons school in late 1956 because of the almost total failure of the F-86 Sabre aircraft used at Nellis, and during 1958 ATC discontinued its Flying Training and Technical Training.


Tactical Air Command

Nellis AFB transferred to Tactical Air Command on 1 February 1958, and the Nellis mission transitioned from initial aircraft qualification and gunnery training to advanced, graduate-level weapons training. Soon after the transfer to TAC, the F-100C and F-100D entered the school inventory. The 3595th wing assets were redesignated as the 4520th Combat Crew Training Group by TAC on 1 July 1958.


=4520th Combat Crew Training Wing

= The 4520th Combat Crew Training Wing was designated from the 4520th CCTG on 1 May 1961, and the Combat Crew training squadrons were renumbered. The 4537th Fighter Weapons Squadron had been assigned F-105D Thunderchiefs in March 1961, and the wing taught veteran pilots in all phases of fighter weapon employment: air-to-air gunnery, rocketry, conventional and nuclear bombing, aerial refueling, and combat navigation. The F-4 Phantom II Instructor Course began in mid-1965 and during the Vietnam War, experienced combat pilots were used as Fighter Weapons instructors at Nellis. On 1 January 1966 the USAF Fighter Weapons School was activated at Nellis with F-100, F-4, and F-105 divisions and on 1 September 1966, Fighter Weapons School elements and the 4520th CCTW merged to activate the 4525th Fighter Weapons Wing.


=USAF Tactical Fighter Weapons Center

= The USAF Tactical Fighter Weapons Center activated at Nellis AFB on 1 January 1966 (USAF Warfare Center after 15 November 2005) is the USAF authority for employment of tactical fighter weapons. The center has developed, refined, coordinated, validated and tested fighter concepts, doctrine, tactics, and procedures. The FWC also performed operational test and evaluation and prepared or monitored Air Force publications on employment tactics, aircrew training, and aircrew weapons delivery. It has supervised courses of the US Air Force Fighter Weapons School, adversary tactics training, and Wild Weasel training, and other combat and tactical schools. The FWC supervised Red Flag operational training and other continuing air exercises, such as Green Flag and Silver Flag Alpha. The center also directed operations of the US Air Force Bomber and Tanker, Employment School since 1992 and the Air Rescue Center since 1993. The USAF Air Demonstration Squadron with the United States Air Force Thunderbirds moved Luke Air Force Base, from Arizona to Nellis AFB in June 1956.


=474th Tactical Fighter Wing

= The 474th Tactical Fighter Wing was reassigned Cannon Air Force Base, from New Mexico to Nellis AFB on 20 January 1968 and was the first USAF operational wing equipped with the General Dynamics F-111Thornborough, Tony (1993), Osprey Aerospace, 1993. F-111 Aardvark—USAF's Ultimate Strike Aircraft —6 of the F-111As departed Nellis Takhli RTAFB, for Vietnam on 15 March 1968 (Combat Lancer). Nellis provided replacements for 2 lost F-111s, and the F-111s returned to the USA in November 1968. The wing's 428th Tactical Fighter Squadron reached initial operational capability, IOC in spring 1968 with F-111s, and the TFW was fully operational in July 1971. The Lake Mead Base, a 1953–6 United States Navy's weapons storage area of , became Area II of the Nellis AFB complex in September 1969. The 430th TFS returned to the 474th TFW Nellis on 22 March 1973 assuming a replacement training unit mission, while the 428th and 429th were transferred to Mountain Home AFB on 30 July 1973. Post-war the 474th's mission was to train combat-ready force of aircrews and maintained a rapid-reaction capability to execute fighter attacks against enemy forces and facilities in time of crisis. In 1975, the 428th and 429th Tactical Fighter Squadrons were reassigned to the wing with F-111As (transferred to Mountain Home AFB, Idaho, in August 1977) and the 474th Wing absorbed the F-4D Phantom II aircraft, crews, and resources of the inactivating provisional 4474th Tactical Fighter Wing at Nellis in April 1977. The wing was inactivated in September 1989, and its F-16As transferred to Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve squadrons.


=57th Fighter Weapons Wing

= The 57th Fighter Weapons Wing was activated at Nellis on 15 October 1969 to replace the 4525th FWW (its Fighter Weapons Squadrons transferred to the 57th). The USAF Air Demonstration Squadron (the "U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds, Thunderbirds") was assigned to the 57th in February 1974, and the wing incorporated military intelligence, intelligence training after March 1980. Redesignated the 57th Tactical Training Wing in 1977, the wing trained military tactics, tactical fighter aircraft, fighter aircrews, conducted operational tests and evaluations, demonstrated tactical fighter weapon systems, and developed fighter tactics. The 57th's 4440th Tactical Fighter Training Group (Red Flag) assumed operational control of Red Flag exercises in October 1979; and the 57th developing realistic combat training operations featuring adversary tactics, dissimilar air combat training, and electronic warfare. Nellis' 4477th Tactical Evaluation Flight ("Red Eagles") operated MiG-17s, MiG-21s and MiG-23s at the Tonopah Test Range Airport (late 1960s-) to simulate combat against U.S. combat aircraft. Named Constant Peg in 1980, the operation assessed the Soviet technology and developed adversary tactics for dissimilar air combat training. After completion of training, the Aggressor pilots were assigned to the DACT squadrons, one of which was assigned to Nellis. During the 1970s, Las Vegas Air Force Station, a site northwest of Nellis evaluated a Soviet "Barlock" search radar to develop techniques for countering Soviet air defense systems. The USAF Fighter Weapons School reactivated 30 December 1981 in the 57th wing and the 66th, 414th and 433d Fighter Weapons Squadrons became its "A-10", "F-4E" and "F-15A" divisions (the 414th was the "Red Flag Training Squadron" in 1996). The 422d FWS aircraft and personnel became the "F-16 Division" and the squadron heraldry transferred to the 422d Test and Evaluation Squadron. The FWS mission expanded on 15 June 1993 to include all Air Combat Command weapons (B-52 & B-1 Lancer, B-1 Divisions) and in 1995, rescue helicopters (HH-60 Division). RC-135 Rivet Joint and EC-130 Compass Call courses were also added to the CCO Division in 1995, as well as a Space Division in 1996 (UAVs in 2008). In 1981, the Gunsmoke (aerial gunnery competition), Gunsmoke gunnery meet was first held and the 57th Fighter Weapons Wing was reorganized as part of the establishment of the Fighter Weapons School, e.g., the 422d Test and Evaluation Squadron for aircraft modifications was established on 30 December 1981 from the 422d Fighter Weapons Squadron. In 1990, the 64th Aggressor Squadron, 64th and 65th Aggressor Squadron, 65th Tactical Fighter Training Aggressor Squadrons and the 4440th TFTG were inactivated in 1990 at the end of the Cold War. In November 1991, the 57th implemented the USAF Objective Wing organization which was the most comprehensive USAF reorganization plan since 1947,Rogers, Brian (2005). ''United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978''. Hinkley, England: Midland Publications. . activating the 57th Operations Group for Nellis airfield operations and establishing the 57th Test Group.


Air Combat Command

Nellis transferred to Air Combat Command on 1 June 1992, at the end of the Cold War when Tactical Air Command was inactivated. The 57th Wing was designated on 15 June 1993 from the 57th Operations Group in conjunction with the introduction of the RQ-1 Predator and MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). The USAF Combat Rescue School was also established in 1993 for HH-60 Pave Hawk instructional flying. "In 1996, AETC moved the PJ Advanced Weapons Course from Nellis AFB to Kirtland AFB". The 98th Range Wing was activated at Nellis on 29 October 2001 for Nellis Air Force Range control (previous range control was by the FWC.) After Detachment 13, 372d Training Squadron opened its F/A-22 maintenance training facility on 29 November 2001, on 14 January 2003 Nellis received the first production F-22A Raptor for the F-22 Force Development Evaluation program and Weapons School (12 Raptors had been assigned to the 422d Test and Evaluation Squadron by July 2008.) Dissimilar Air Combat Training, "Aggressor" training was reactivated under the 57th Operations Group in 2003 and in 2006 Nellis had the Air Ground Operations School. On 1 May 2007, the Unmanned aerial vehicle, UAV reconnaissance elements assigned to the 57th Operations Group transferred to the 432nd Wing. Detachment 1 of the Space Warfare Center was established at Nellis in 1996 after the "Nellis Combined Air Operations Center", the Warfare Center transferred Nellis Air Force Range control to the 98th Range Wing in 2001, and the annual Aviation Nation airshow began at Nellis in 2002. The Nellis Solar Power Plant constructed 23 April–December 2007 on Nellis' west side was visited by president Barack Obama on 27 May 2009. In 2010, the 505th Operations Squadron operated the Combined Air and Space Operations Center-Nellis. The 57th Adversary Tactics Group merged into the 57th Operations Group on 31 March 2020. On 1 June 2020 the 800th Rapid Engineer Deployable, Heavy Operational Repair Squadron, Engineer (RED HORSE) Group activated at Nellis, with the 820th Red Horse Squadron as a subordinate unit.


Major commands to which assigned

* West Coast Air Corps Training Center, April 1941 * Air Corps Flying Training Command, 23 January 1942 and various subsequent designations through Air Training Command, 1 July – 31 December 1946, 30 August 1947 * Tactical Air Command, 1 July 1958 * Air Combat Command, 1 June 1992 – present


Major units assigned

* 79th Air Base Group, 7 July 1941 : 70th Base HQ and Air Base Squadron, c. 14 August 1942 : 82d Flying Training Wing (Flexible Gunnery) 8 January 1943 – 16 June 1946 * 3595th Pilot Training Wing, 1 April 1948 – 1 July 1958 * 4520th Combat Crew Training Wing, 1 July 1958 – 1 September 1966 * 4525th Fighter Weapons Wing, 1 September 1966 – 15 October 1969 * 474th Tactical Fighter Wing, 20 January 1968 – 15 October 1989 * 57th Wing (Various Designations), 22 August 1969 – present * 554th Operations Support Wing, 1 March 1980 – 1 November 1995 * USAF Fighter Weapons School, 1 January-1 September 1966; 30 December 1981 (USAF Weapons School on 15 June 1993) * 4477th Tactical Evaluation Flight ("Red Eagles"), 1 April 1975 – 1990 * USAF Tactical Fighter Weapons Center, 1 September 1966 (USAF Warfare Center on 15 November 2005)


Role and operations

Nellis Air Force Base is known by the USAF as the "Home of the Fighter Pilot" and is the Air Force's focus for advanced combat training. The main unit at Nellis is the United States Air Force Warfare Center, USAF Warfare Center, which coordinates training for composite strike forces involving aircraft types from across the List of active United States Air Force aircraft, USAF inventory, accompanied by air and ground units of the United States Army, US Army, United States Navy, US Navy, United States Marine Corps, US Marines, and aircraft from other NATO and allied nations. Training is delivered through a series of exercises which typically take place at the
Nevada Test and Training Range The Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR) is one of two military training areas at the Nellis Air Force Base Complex in Nevada and used by the United States Air Force Warfare Center at Nellis Air Force Base. The NTTR land area includes a "simula ...
(NTTR), the primary examples being
Exercise Red Flag Exercise Red Flag is a two-week advanced aerial combat training exercise held several times a year by the United States Air Force. It aims to offer realistic air-combat training for military pilots and other flight crew members from the United S ...
and Exercise Green Flag (West). As of October 2019, Nellis employed 9,500 military and civilian personnel. The total military population is more than 40,000, including family members and retired military personnel in the area. The base also supports operations at nearby Creech Air Force Base, Tonopah Test Range, and the Nevada National Security Site. Nellis ground systems for range operations (e.g., by callsign "Nellis Control") include the Computer and Computed Subsystem used to receive microwave signals from the NTTR Ground-Based per Station the Tracking and Communications Subsystem (TCS) for presentation on Nellis' Display and Debrief SubSystem (DDS). Nellis Area I has the airfield (2 runways and ramp space for up to 300 aircraft), recreation and shopping facilities, dormitories/temporary lodging, some family housing, "and most of the command and support structures", e.g., Suter Hall for Red Flag. Nellis Area II northeast of the main base "at the foot of Sunrise Mountain (Nevada), Sunrise Mountain" (formerly the U.S. Navy's Lake Mead Base) has Nellis Gun Club and the 820th Red Horse Squadron. Nellis Area III is west of the main base with family housing, administration and industrial areas, and the Mike O'Callaghan Federal Hospital. Area III also includes a munitions response area (MRA XU741) which had World War II storage for small arms ammunition, pyrotechnics, and chemical bombs and that now includes 2 remaining World War II buildings (numbers 1039 & 1047), 5 modern igloos, and Recreational vehicle, RV storage.


Based units

Flying and notable non-flying units based at Nellis Air Force Base. Units marked GSU are Geographically Separate Units, which although based at Nellis, are subordinate to a parent unit based at another location.


United States Air Force

Air Combat Command * United States Air Force Warfare Center, US Air Force Warfare Center **99th Air Base Wing (Host wing) *** 99th Comptroller Squadron *** 99th Mission Support Group **** 99th Civil Engineer Squadron **** 99th Communications Squadron **** 99th Contracting Squadron **** 99th Logistics Readiness Squadron **** 99th Force Support Squadron **** 99th Security Forces Squadron *** 99th Medical Group **** 99th Aerospace Medical Squadron **** 99th Dental Squadron **** 99th Medical Operations Squadron **** 99th Medical Support Squadron ** 53rd Wing ***53rd Test and Evaluation Group (GSU) ****85th Test and Evaluation Squadron, 88th Test and Evaluation Squadron – Lockheed HC-130, HC-130J Combat King II and Sikorsky HH-60 Pave Hawk, HH-60G Pave Hawk ****422d Test and Evaluation Squadron, 422nd Test and Evaluation Squadron – Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, A-10C Thunderbolt II, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, F-15C/D Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, F-15E Strike Eagle, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon variants, F-16C/D Fighting Falcon, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, F-22A Raptor, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, F-35A Lightning II ****Combat Search and Rescue Combined Test Force ****Detachment 3 ***53rd Test Management Group (GSU) ****59th Test and Evaluation Squadron ** 57th Wing ***561st Joint Tactics Squadron ***USAF Weapons School, US Air Force Weapons School ****6th Weapons Squadron – F-35A Lightning II ****8th Weapons Squadron ****16th Weapons Squadron – F-16C/D Fighting Falcon ****17th Weapons Squadron – F-15E Strike Eagle ****19th Weapons Squadron ****26th Weapons Squadron – MQ-9A Reaper ****32nd Weapons Squadron **** 34th Weapons Squadron – HC-130J Combat King II and HH-60G Pave Hawk **** 57th Weapons Support Squadron **** 66th Weapons Squadron – A-10C Thunderbolt II **** 315th Weapons Squadron – LGM-30 Minuteman, LGM-30 Minuteman III **** 328th Weapons Squadron **** 433rd Weapons Squadron – F-15C/D Eagle and F-22A Raptor ***57th Operations Group ****6th Combat Training Squadron **** 57th Adversary Tactics Support Squadron **** 57th Information Aggressor Squadron ****57th Operations Support Squadron ****64th Aggressor Squadron – F-16C/D Fighting Falcon ****65th Aggressor Squadron – F-35A Lightning II ****414th Combat Training Squadron **** 507th Air Defense Aggressor Squadron ****547th Intelligence Squadron ****549th Combat Training Squadron *** 57th Maintenance Group **** 57th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron **** 57th Munitions Squadron **** 757th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron ***United States Air Force Thunderbirds, US Air Force Air Demonstration Squadron (Thunderbirds) – F-16C/D Fighting Falcon ***US Air Force Advanced Maintenance and Munitions Operations School **505th Command and Control Wing ***505th Test and Evaluation Group (GSU) ****505th Test Squadron ****Air and Space Operations Center, Combined Air Operations Center - Nellis **Nevada Test and Training Range (military unit), Nevada Test and Training Range *Fifteenth Air Force **355th Fighter Wing, 355th Wing ***Detachment 1 (GSU) ***563rd Rescue Group (Operating Location-Alpha (OL-A)) (GSU) ****58th Rescue Squadron ****66th Rescue Squadron – HH-60G Pave Hawk ****855th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron **Rapid Engineer Deployable Heavy Operational Repair Squadron Engineers, 800th RED HORSE Group ***Rapid Engineer Deployable Heavy Operational Repair Squadron Engineers, 820th RED HORSE Squadron *Sixteenth Air Force **363rd Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing, 363rd Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Wing ***365th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group (GSU) ****526th Intelligence Squadron ****547th Intelligence Squadron Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) * Air Force Test Center **96th Test Wing *** 96th Operations Group ****413th Flight Test Squadron ***** Detachment 1 (GSU) – HH-60G Pave Hawk Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) * Tenth Air Force **926th Wing *** 926th Operation Group ****706th Fighter Squadron – A-10C Thunderbolt II, F-15C/D Eagle, F-15E Strike Eagle, F-16C/D Fighting Falcon, F-22A Raptor, F-35A Lightning II **** 926th Aerospace Medicine Squadron ****926th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron **** 926th Force Support Squadron **** 926th Security Forces Squadron


Department of Defense

United States Strategic Command * Global Operations (J3) Directorate ** Joint Electromagnetic Preparedness for Advanced Combat


Geography

Nellis AFB covers about in the northeast corner of the Las Vegas Valley, an alluvial basin in the Basin and Range Province. Since World War II, Nellis has had areas added, such as Area II in 1969, but still has about of undeveloped space. One World War II runway has been removed. The base has 3 areas (I, II, III). The United States Geological Survey names five different locations for the base: "Nellis Air Force Base", the airfield, the post office, a Community College of Southern Nevada campus, and the census-designated place (CDP).
Nellis AFB "Airport" (2443876, 361408N 1150224W)

Nellis AFB CDP (2408911, 361448N 1150326W)

Nellis Air Force Base (2511960, 361457N 1145946W)

Nellis AFB Post Office (865017, 361432N 1150244W, 01-MAY-1992)

Community College of Southern Nevada Nellis Air Force Base Center (2087468)
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Census-designated place

The Nellis Air Force Base CDP is an region defined by the United States Census Bureau as of the 2010 United States Census. The CDP area includes military family housing (e.g., in Nellis Areas I & III), dormitories, and lodging as for aircrew temporary quarters during Red Flag exercises.


Nellis AFB complex

"Nellis Air Force Base Complex, Nellis AFB complex" refers to a group of southern Nevada military areas that are predominantly USAF and Bureau of Land Management areas outside of the base (e.g., controlled by military units at Nellis). The complex's land areas include Nellis AFB, the USAF
Nevada Test and Training Range The Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR) is one of two military training areas at the Nellis Air Force Base Complex in Nevada and used by the United States Air Force Warfare Center at Nellis Air Force Base. The NTTR land area includes a "simula ...
, the active portion of the Small Arms Range Annex north of the base, the annex's Formerly Used Defense Site of (cleared in March 1972, returned to the United States Department of the Interior, DoI), 13 BLM areas of each leased for Patriot Radar/Communications Exercises, and other BLM sites "under Military Operations Area (MOA) airspace". Nellis AFB also leases space at the former Las Vegas AFS, and environmental sites of the Tonopah Bombing Range (FUDS) are monitored by the EPA. Additional Formerly Used Defense Sites associated with the area's military operations are the Nye County Areas A, G, H, & I; the "Delamar Dry Lake Test Annex" and the "Sunrise Mountain Machine Gun Range".Table C-3 Status of Installations With Response Completed


In popular culture

* A scaled-down version of Nellis Air Force Base appears in the 2010 video game ''Fallout: New Vegas''. The base's inhabitants were killed by nuclear radiation during the Great War of 2077. In the game's starting year of 2281, it is occupied by a militaristic, xenophobic tribe of survivors from Vault 34, calling themselves "Boomers". * The base is briefly mentioned at the end of ''Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines''. The base is said to be under attack from the machines.


See also

*List of United States Air Force installations *Nevada World War II Army Airfields


Notes


References

* Shaw, Frederick J. (2004), Locating Air Force Base Sites History's Legacy, Air Force History and Museums Program, United States Air Force, Washington DC, 2004. * Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. .


External links

* *
Desert Lightning News (southern Nevada edition)
' – base newspaper Installations of the United States Air Force in Nevada Census-designated places in Clark County, Nevada Military facilities in the Mojave Desert Transportation in the Las Vegas Valley Unincorporated communities in Nevada Military airbases established in 1941