HOME
TheInfoList



300px|
Downtown Los Angeles in 2016
Greater Los Angeles, also called the Southland, with a 2019 population of 18,710,563, is the second-largest urban region area in the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, 326 India ...
, encompassing five counties in
southern California Southern California (popularly known as SoCal; es|Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. It includes the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second mos ...

southern California
extending from
Ventura County Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 823,318. The largest city is Oxnard, and the county seat is the city of Ventura. Ventura County comprises the Oxnard-Thou ...
in the west to
San Bernardino County San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California, and is located within the Inland Empire area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 2,035,210, ma ...
and
Riverside County Riverside County is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,189,641, making it the fourth-most populous county in California and the 10th-most populous in the United St ...
in the east, with
Los Angeles County Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States and in the U.S. state of California, with more than ten million inhabitants . It is the most populous non–state-level government entity ...
in the center and Orange County to the southeast. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Los Angeles–Anaheim–Riverside
combined statistical area Combined statistical area (CSA) is a United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) term for a combination of adjacent metropolitan (MSA) and micropolitan statistical areas (µSA) across the 50 US states and the territory of Puerto Rico th ...
covers , making it the largest metropolitan region in the United States by land area. However, more than half of this area lies in the sparsely populated eastern areas of Riverside and San Bernardino counties. In addition to being the nexus of the world's largest entertainment industry, Greater Los Angeles is also a global center of business, international trade, education, media, fashion, tourism, science and technology, sports, and transportation. It is the 3rd largest metropolitan area by
nominal GDP Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a specific time period. GDP (nominal) per capita does not, however, reflect differences in the cost of living and the inflation ...
in the world with an economy exceeding $1 trillion in output. There are three contiguous component metropolitan areas in Greater Los Angeles: the
Inland Empire The Inland Empire (IE) is a metropolitan area and region in Southern California, inland of and adjacent to Los Angeles. It includes the cities of western Riverside County and southwestern San Bernardino County, and is sometimes considered to in ...
, which can be broadly defined as Riverside and San Bernardino counties; the Ventura/Oxnard metropolitan area (or Ventura County); and the Los Angeles metropolitan area (also known as Metropolitan Los Angeles or Metro LA) consisting of Los Angeles and Orange counties only. The Census Bureau designates the latter as the Los Angeles–Long Beach–Anaheim
metropolitan statistical area In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area. Such regions are neither legally incorporated as a city or town ...
, the fifth largest metropolitan area in the western hemisphere and the second-largest
metropolitan area A metropolitan area or metro is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories under the same administrative division, sharing industry, infrastructure and housing. A metro area usually comp ...
in the United States, with a total area of .
San Diego–Tijuana San Diego–Tijuana is an international transborder agglomeration, straddling the border of the adjacent North American coastal cities of San Diego, California, United States and Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. The 2012 population of the regio ...
, though contiguous with Greater Los Angeles at
San Clemente San Clemente () is a coastal city in Orange County, California, United States. The population was 63,522 in at the 2010 census. Located on the California Coast, midway between Los Angeles and San Diego, the southernmost city of Orange County is kn ...
and
Temecula Temecula is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, United States. The city is a tourist and resort destination, with the Temecula Valley Wine Country, Old Town Temecula, the Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival, the Temecula Val ...
, is not part of it, but together both form part of the
Southern California Southern California (popularly known as SoCal; es|Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. It includes the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second mos ...

Southern California
Megalopolis A megalopolis (), sometimes called a megapolis; also megaregion, city cluster or supercity, is a group of two or more roughly adjacent metropolitan areas, which may be somewhat separated or may merge into a continuous urban region. The megalopoli ...

Megalopolis
. Throughout the 20th century, Greater Los Angeles was one of the fastest-growing regions in the United States, but growth has slowed since 2000. As of the
2010 U.S. Census The United States Census of 2010 was the twenty-third United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving ...
, the smaller Los Angeles metro area had a population of nearly 13 million residents. In 2015, the Greater Los Angeles population was estimated to be about 18.7 million, making it the second largest metropolitan region in the country, behind
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the Northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * ''Ne ...
, as well as one of the largest megacities in the world.


Definitions


Los Angeles metropolitan area

The Los Angeles metropolitan area is defined by the U.S.
Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). OMB's most prominent function is to produce the president's budget, but it also examines agency programs, polic ...
asU.S. Census website
Census.gov. Retrieved on March 22, 2018.
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), with a 2017 population of 13,353,907. The MSA is in turn made up of two "metropolitan divisions" * Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division, coterminous with
Los Angeles County Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States and in the U.S. state of California, with more than ten million inhabitants . It is the most populous non–state-level government entity ...
(2017 population 10,163,507) * Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division, coterminous with Orange County (2017 population 3,190,400) The MSA is the most populous metropolitan area in the
Western United States The Western United States (also called the American West, the Far West, and the West) is the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States. As American settlement in the U.S. expanded westward, the meaning of the term ''the West'' ...
, and at 4,850 sq. mi (12,562 km2), the largest in area in the United States. It has at its core the
Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es|Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest city in California. With an estimated population of nearly four million people, it is the second most populous ...
-
Long Beach Long Beach is a city in the U.S. state of California located within the Los Angeles metropolitan area. It is the 43rd most populous city in the United States, with a population of 463,218 as of 2020. A charter city, Long Beach is the 7th most ...
-
Anaheim Anaheim () is a city in Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County, the 10th-most populous cit ...
corridor, an
urbanized area An urban area, or built-up area, is a human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment. Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or ...
defined by the Census Bureau with a population 12,150,996 as of the 2010 Census.


Greater Los Angeles

The Census Bureau also defines a wider commercial region based on commuting patterns or
megalopolis A megalopolis (), sometimes called a megapolis; also megaregion, city cluster or supercity, is a group of two or more roughly adjacent metropolitan areas, which may be somewhat separated or may merge into a continuous urban region. The megalopoli ...

megalopolis
, the
Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area 300px|Downtown Los Angeles in 2016 Greater Los Angeles, also called the Southland, with a 2019 population of 18,710,563, is the second-largest urban region area in the United States, encompassing five counties in southern California extending ...
(CSA), more commonly known as the
Greater Los Angeles Area 300px|Downtown Los Angeles in 2016 Greater Los Angeles, also called the Southland, with a 2019 population of 18,710,563, is the second-largest urban region area in the United States, encompassing five counties in southern California extending ...
, with an estimated population of 18,788,800 in 2017. The total land area of the CSA is 33,955 sq. mi (87,945 km2). The CSA consists of three component metropolitan areas: * The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA MSA (2017 pop. 13,353,907) * The Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA MSA, coterminous with
Ventura County Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 823,318. The largest city is Oxnard, and the county seat is the city of Ventura. Ventura County comprises the Oxnard-Thou ...
(2017 pop. 854,223) * The Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA MSA (2017 pop. 4,580,670), consisting of: **
Riverside County, California Riverside County is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,189,641, making it the fourth-most populous county in California and the 10th-most populous in the United St ...
(2017 pop. 2,423,266) **
San Bernardino County, California San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California, and is located within the Inland Empire area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 2,035,210, ma ...
(2017 pop. 2,157,404)


Geography


Urban form

Los Angeles has long been famous for its sprawl, but this has to do more with its status in history as the "poster child" of large cities that grew up with suburban-style patterns of development, rather than how it ranks in sprawl among American metro areas today, now that suburban and
exurban Exurban development (left side) blends into suburban development (right side) in Loudoun County, Virginia, in the western part of the Baltimore–Washington_metropolitan_area">Loudoun_County,_Virginia,_in_the_western_part_of_the_[[Baltimore–Washi ...
-style development is present across the country. In fact, the Los Angeles–Orange County metro area was the ''most'' densely populated "urbanized area" (as defined by the [[United States Census Bureau) in the United States in 2000, with . For comparison, the [[New York metropolitan area|"New York–Newark" Urbanized Area had a population density of . Los Angeles' reputation for sprawl is due to the fact that the city grew from relative obscurity to one of the country's ten largest cities (i.e. 10th largest city in 1920), at a time when suburban patterns of growth first became possible due to electric streetcars and automobiles. The city was also the first large American city where, in the 1920s, major clusters of regional employment, shopping, and culture were already being built outside the traditional downtown areas – in
edge cities The Rosslyn–Ballston Corridor in Arlington near Washington, D.C. Edge city is a term that originated in the United States for a concentration of business, shopping, and entertainment outside a traditional downtown or central business distri ...
such as
Mid-Wilshire Mid-Wilshire is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. It is known for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Petersen Automotive Museum, and the Miracle Mile shopping district. Geography City of Los Angeles boundari ...
, Miracle Mile and
Hollywood Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. Its name has come to be a shorthand reference for the U.S. film industry and the people associated with it. Many of its studios such as Disney, Paramount Pictures, ...
. This pattern of growth continued ever outward, more so when the freeway system was built starting in the 1950s; thus Greater Los Angeles was the earliest large American metropolitan area with a
decentralized Decentralization or decentralisation is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group. Concep ...

decentralized
structure. Its major commercial, financial, and cultural institutions are geographically dispersed rather than being concentrated in a single
downtown ''Downtown'' is a term primarily used in North America by English speakers to refer to a city's commercial, cultural and often the historical, political and geographic heart, and is often synonymous with its central business district (CBD). It i ...
or central area. Also, the
population density#REDIRECT Population density#REDIRECT Population density {{R from other capitalisation ...
{{R from other capitalisation ...

population density
of
Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es|Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest city in California. With an estimated population of nearly four million people, it is the second most populous ...
proper is low (approximately 8,100 people per square mile) when compared to some other large American cities such as
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the Northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * ''Ne ...

New York
(27,500),
San Francisco San Francisco (/ˌsæn fɹənˈsɪskoʊ/; Spanish for "Saint Francis"), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is a cultural, commercial, and financial center in Northern California. San Francisco is the 16th most populous city in ...
(17,000),
Boston Boston (, ), officially the City of Boston, is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States and 21st most populous city in the country. The city proper covers with an estimated population of 692, ...
(13,300), and
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will | image_map = | map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago | coordinates = | coordinates_footnotes = | subdivision_type = Country | subdivisio ...

Chicago
(11,800). Densities are particularly high within a 5-mile radius of downtown, where some neighborhoods exceed 20,000 people per square mile. What gives the entire Los Angeles metro region a high density is the fact that many of the city's suburbs and satellites cities have high density rates. Within its urbanized areas, Los Angeles is noted for having small lot sizes and low-rise buildings. Buildings in the area are low when compared to other large cities, mainly due to zoning regulations. Los Angeles became a major city just as the
Pacific Electric Railway The Pacific Electric Railway Company, nicknamed the Red Cars, was a privately owned mass transit system in Southern California consisting of electrically powered streetcars, interurban cars, and buses and was the largest electric railway system in ...
spread population to smaller cities much as interurbans did in East Coast cities. In the first decades of the twentieth century, the area was marked by a network of fairly dense but separate cities linked by rail. The ascendance of the [[automobile helped fill in the gaps between these commuter towns with lower-density settlements. Starting in the early twentieth century, there was a large growth in population on the western edges of the city moving to the [[San Fernando Valley and out into the [[Conejo Valley in eastern
Ventura County Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 823,318. The largest city is Oxnard, and the county seat is the city of Ventura. Ventura County comprises the Oxnard-Thou ...
. Many working class whites [[White flight|migrated to this area during the 1960s and 1970s out of East and Central Los Angeles. As a result, there was a large growth in population into the Conejo Valley and into Ventura County through the [[U.S. Route 101 (California)|US 101 corridor. Making the US 101 a full [[freeway in the 1960s and expansions that followed helped make [[commuting to Los Angeles easier and opened the way for development westward. Development in Ventura County and along the US 101 corridor remains controversial, with open-space advocates battling those who feel business development is necessary to economic growth. Although the area still has abundant amount of open space and land, almost all of it was put aside and mandated never to be developed as part of the master plan of each city. Because of this, the area which was once a relatively inexpensive area to buy real estate, saw rising real estate prices well into the 2000s. Median home prices in the Conejo Valley for instance, ranged from $700,000 to $2.2 million in 2003. According to [[Forbes, "it's nearly impossible" to find reasonably priced real estate in California, and the prices will continue to increase. The Los Angeles area continues to grow, principally on the periphery where new, cheaper, undeveloped areas are being sought. As such, in these areas, populations as well as housing prices exploded, although the housing bubble popped late in the decade of the 2000s. Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, which contain large swaths of desert, attracted most of the population increase between 2000 and 2006. Growth continues not only outside the existing [[urbanization|urbanized area but also adjacent to existing development in the central areas. As in virtually all US core cities, there is now vigorous residential development in the downtown area with both new buildings and renovation of former office buildings. The ''Los Angeles Downtown News'' keeps a list of ongoing development projects, updated every quarter. Changes in [[house price index|house prices for the area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the [[Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by [[Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 10-city [[composite (finance)|composite index of the value of the residential real estate market.


Major business districts and edge cities

Greater Los Angeles has numerous traditional downtowns or [[central business districts, the largest being [[Downtown Los Angeles. Other important ones are [[Downtown Long Beach, [[Old Pasadena|downtown Pasadena, downtown Glendale, and downtown [[Burbank, California|Burbank, and – with their county, state and federal government facilities – [[Downtown Santa Ana, [[Downtown Riverside and [[Downtown San Bernardino. However, most of the commercial activity (office space, retail, hotels, entertainment) is found outside traditional downtowns, among the suburban-style development in clusters known as
edge cities The Rosslyn–Ballston Corridor in Arlington near Washington, D.C. Edge city is a term that originated in the United States for a concentration of business, shopping, and entertainment outside a traditional downtown or central business distri ...
. In fact, the Los Angeles area is considered the classic example of a metropolitan area that developed in this pattern, because it did so early in history, starting in the 1920s, and was the city to enter into the top ten of American cities while growing in this pattern.


Identity

Employment is not only in the [[downtown Los Angeles|downtown area, but consistently occurs outside the central core. As such, many people commute throughout the city and suburbs in various directions for their work and daily activities, with a large portion heading to the municipalities that are outside the city of Los Angeles. Unlike most metropolitan areas, regional identity remains a contentious issue in the Greater Los Angeles area, with many residents not acknowledging any association with the region as a whole. For example, while Los Angeles County and Orange County together make up the smaller MSA region, the two have a host of sharp demographic, political, and financial distinctions. Orange County residents often attempt to be identified apart from Los Angeles although they make up the same metropolitan area. Also, while only 1.63% of Los Angeles residents commute to Orange County for work, over 6% of Orange County commuters head to Los Angeles for work. Western Riverside County and San Bernardino County have become commuter regions characteristic of other suburban counties throughout the nation. Residents in these counties often commute to Los Angeles County and Orange County for employment.


Component counties, subregions, and cities


Los Angeles County

Los Angeles County, of which Los Angeles is the county seat, is the most populous county in the United States and is home to over a quarter of all California residents. The large size of the city of Los Angeles, as well as its history of annexing smaller towns, has made city boundaries in the central area of Los Angeles County quite complicated. Many cities are completely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles and are often included in the city's areas despite being independent municipalities. For example, [[Santa Monica, California|Santa Monica and [[Beverly Hills, California|Beverly Hills (which is almost completely surrounded by Los Angeles) are considered part of the Westside, while [[Hawthorne, California|Hawthorne and [[Inglewood, California|Inglewood are associated with South L.A. Adjacent areas that are outside the actual city boundaries of incorporated Los Angeles but border the city itself include the [[Santa Clarita Valley, the [[San Gabriel Valley, [[South Bay, Los Angeles|South Bay, and the [[Gateway Cities. Despite the large footprint of the city of Los Angeles, a majority of the land area within Los Angeles County is unincorporated and under the primary jurisdiction of Los Angeles County. Much of this land, however, cannot be easily developed due to planning challenges presented by geographic features such as the [[Santa Monica Mountains, the [[San Gabriel Mountains, and the [[Mojave Desert. Actual land development in these regions occurs on the fringes of incorporated cities, some of which have been fully developed, such as the cities of [[Palmdale, California|Palmdale and [[Lancaster, California|Lancaster.


Subregions in Los Angeles County

While there is not official designation for the regions that comprise Greater Los Angeles, one authority, the ''Los Angeles Times'', divides the area into the following regions: * [[Angeles National Forest|Angeles Forest * [[Antelope Valley * Central L.A. ([[Downtown Los Angeles,
Hollywood Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. Its name has come to be a shorthand reference for the U.S. film industry and the people associated with it. Many of its studios such as Disney, Paramount Pictures, ...
,
Mid-Wilshire Mid-Wilshire is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. It is known for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Petersen Automotive Museum, and the Miracle Mile shopping district. Geography City of Los Angeles boundari ...
, etc.) * [[East Los Angeles (region)|Eastside * Harbor (see [[Gateway Cities) * Northeast L.A. ([[Highland Park, Los Angeles|Highland Park, [[Eagle Rock, Los Angeles|Eagle Rock, etc.) * Northwest L.A. County (including the [[Santa Clarita Valley) * [[Pomona Valley (partially in San Bernardino County) * [[San Fernando Valley * [[San Gabriel Valley * [[Santa Monica Mountains ([[Malibu, California|Malibu, [[Topanga, California|Topanga, etc.) * [[South Bay, Los Angeles|South Bay (incl. [[Palos Verdes Peninsula, [[Beach Cities) * [[South Los Angeles * Southeast Los Angeles County (including [[Norwalk, California|Norwalk and [[Whittier, California|Whittier, see [[Gateway Cities) * The Verdugos (including [[Glendale, California|Glendale, [[Pasadena, California|Pasadena and the [[Crescenta Valley) * [[Westside (Los Angeles County)|Westside Some of the above areas can be defined as being bounded by natural features such as mountains or the ocean; others are marked by city boundaries, [[freeways, or other constructed landmarks. For example, [[Downtown Los Angeles is the area of Los Angeles roughly enclosed by three freeways and one river: the [[Harbor Freeway ([[SR 110 (CA)|SR 110) to the west, the [[Santa Ana Freeway ([[U.S. Route 101 (California)|US 101) to the north, the [[Los Angeles River to the east, and the [[Santa Monica Freeway ([[I-10 (CA)|I-10) to the south.Sharon Bernstein and David Pierson,
L.A. moves toward more N.Y-style downtown
", ''Los Angeles Times'', August 8, 2007.
Meanwhile, the [[San Fernando Valley ("The Valley") is defined as the basin consisting of the part of Los Angeles and its suburbs that lie north-northwest of downtown and is ringed by mountains.


Edge cities in Los Angeles County

Central and Western area
*[[Beverly Hills, California|Beverly Hills/[[Century City, Los Angeles|Century City *[[LAX/[[El Segundo, California|El Segundo *[[Marina del Rey, California|Marina Del Rey/[[Culver City, California|Culver City *[[Mid-Wilshire, Los Angeles|Mid-Wilshire * Miracle Mile San Fernando Valley
*[[Burbank, California|Burbank/[[North Hollywood, Los Angeles|North Hollywood *[[Sherman Oaks, Los Angeles|Sherman Oaks/[[Van Nuys, Los Angeles *[[Warner Center, Los Angeles/West [[San Fernando Valley|Valley *[[West Los Angeles Elsewhere in Los Angeles County
*[[Pasadena, California|Pasadena *South Bay/[[Torrance, California|Torrance/[[Carson, California|Carson *South [[San Gabriel Valley|Valley/[[Covina, California|Covina (emerging edge city as of 1991) *[[Santa Clarita, California|Santa Clarita (emerging edge city as of 1991)


Cities in Los Angeles County

With a population of 3.8 million people as of the 2010 Census, the City of
Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es|Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest city in California. With an estimated population of nearly four million people, it is the second most populous ...
is the second most populous city in the United States after New York City, and is the focal point of the Greater Los Angeles Area. As an international center for finance, entertainment, media, culture, education, tourism, and science, Los Angeles is considered one of the world's most powerful and influential [[global cities. List of cities with populations of over 50,000 as of the 2010 U.S. Census: *
Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es|Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest city in California. With an estimated population of nearly four million people, it is the second most populous ...
(3,792,621) *
Long Beach Long Beach is a city in the U.S. state of California located within the Los Angeles metropolitan area. It is the 43rd most populous city in the United States, with a population of 463,218 as of 2020. A charter city, Long Beach is the 7th most ...
(462,257) * [[Glendale, California|Glendale (191,719) * [[Santa Clarita, California|Santa Clarita (176,320) * [[Lancaster, California|Lancaster (156,633) * [[Palmdale, California|Palmdale (152,750) * [[Pomona, California|Pomona (149,058) * [[Torrance, California|Torrance (145,438) * [[Pasadena, California|Pasadena (137,122) * [[El Monte, California|El Monte (113,475) * [[Downey, California|Downey (111,772) * [[Inglewood, California|Inglewood (109,673) * [[West Covina, California|West Covina (106,098) * [[Norwalk, California|Norwalk (105,549) * [[Burbank, California|Burbank (103,340) * [[Compton, California|Compton (96,455) * [[South Gate, California|South Gate (94,396) * [[Carson, California|Carson (91,714) * [[Santa Monica, California|Santa Monica (89,736) * [[Whittier, California|Whittier (85,331) * [[Hawthorne, California|Hawthorne (84,293) * [[Alhambra, California|Alhambra (83,089) * [[Lakewood, California|Lakewood (80,048) * [[Bellflower, California|Bellflower (76,616) * [[Baldwin Park, California|Baldwin Park (75,390) * [[Lynwood, California|Lynwood (69,772) * [[Redondo Beach, California|Redondo Beach (66,748) * [[Pico Rivera, California|Pico Rivera (62,942) * [[Montebello, California|Montebello (62,500) * [[Monterey Park, California|Monterey Park (60,269) * [[Arcadia, California|Arcadia (56,364) * [[Paramount, California|Paramount (54,098) * [[Rosemead, California|Rosemead (53,764) * [[Glendora, California|Glendora (50,073)


Orange County

Orange County was originally an agricultural area dependent on citrus crops, avocados, and oil extraction, and became a [[bedroom community for Los Angeles when [[Interstate 5 in California|I–5, the Santa Ana Freeway, linked it to the city in the 1950s. The growth of Los Angeles initially fueled population growth in Orange County, but by the 1970s it had become an important economic center in its own right, with tourism and electronics industries, among others. Today, Orange County is known for its tourist attractions, such as [[Disneyland, [[Knott's Berry Farm, its several pristine beaches and coastline, and its wealthier areas, featured in television shows such as ''[[The O.C.'' No one of the original downtowns serves as the central urban core for the county, but there are important clusters of business and culture in [[Downtown Santa Ana and in three
edge cities The Rosslyn–Ballston Corridor in Arlington near Washington, D.C. Edge city is a term that originated in the United States for a concentration of business, shopping, and entertainment outside a traditional downtown or central business distri ...
: the [[Anaheim–Santa Ana edge city from [[Disneyland to the [[Orange Crush interchange ([[Orange, California|Orange, Santa Ana), the [[South Coast Plaza–John Wayne Airport edge city (Santa Ana, [[Costa Mesa, California|Costa Mesa, [[Irvine, California|Irvine), and Irvine's [[Irvine Spectrum Center|Spectrum edge city. Orange County is sometimes figuratively divided into "North County" and "South County", with North Orange County including cities such as
Anaheim Anaheim () is a city in Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County, the 10th-most populous cit ...
, [[Fullerton, California|Fullerton, and [[Santa Ana, California|Santa Ana, and is the older, more ethnically diverse and more densely built-up area closer to Los Angeles. South County, defined variously as beginning with either Costa Mesa or Irvine and includes cities to the east and south such as [[Laguna Beach, California|Laguna Beach, [[Mission Viejo, California|Mission Viejo, [[Newport Beach, California|Newport Beach, and
San Clemente San Clemente () is a coastal city in Orange County, California, United States. The population was 63,522 in at the 2010 census. Located on the California Coast, midway between Los Angeles and San Diego, the southernmost city of Orange County is kn ...
, is more residential, affluent, recently developed, and has a mostly white population. Irvine is an exception, as it is a center of employment and is ethnically diverse. A growing alternative dividing marker between north and south is the [[El Toro Y interchange. [[Orange Coast or South Coast area is defined instead, consisting of some or all of the cities lining the coast.


Subregions in Orange County

*[[Orange County, California#Geography|North Orange County *[[Orange County, California#Geography|South Orange County


Edge cities in Orange County

*[[Anaheim–Santa Ana edge city *[[Fullerton, California|Fullerton/[[La Habra, California|La Habra/[[Brea, California|Brea (emerging edge city as of 1991) *[[Irvine Spectrum *[[Newport Center, Newport Beach, California|Newport Center/[[Fashion Island (emerging edge city as of 1991) *
San Clemente San Clemente () is a coastal city in Orange County, California, United States. The population was 63,522 in at the 2010 census. Located on the California Coast, midway between Los Angeles and San Diego, the southernmost city of Orange County is kn ...
/[[Laguna Niguel, California|Laguna Niguel (emerging edge city as of 1991) *[[South Coast Plaza–John Wayne Airport edge city *[[Westminster, California|Westminster/[[Huntington Beach, California|Huntington Beach


Cities in Orange County

Cities in Orange County with a population of 60,000 or more in the 2010 Census. *
Anaheim Anaheim () is a city in Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County, the 10th-most populous cit ...
(336,265) * [[Santa Ana, California|Santa Ana (324,528) * [[Irvine, California|Irvine (258,386) * [[Huntington Beach, California|Huntington Beach (189,992) * [[Garden Grove, California|Garden Grove (170,883) * [[Orange, California|Orange (136,416) * [[Fullerton, California|Fullerton (135,161) * [[Costa Mesa, California|Costa Mesa (109,960) * [[Mission Viejo, California|Mission Viejo (93,305) * [[Westminster, California|Westminster (89,701) * [[Newport Beach, California|Newport Beach (85,186) * [[Buena Park, California|Buena Park (80,530) * [[Lake Forest, California|Lake Forest (77,264) * [[Tustin, California|Tustin (75,540) * [[Yorba Linda, California|Yorba Linda (64,234) *
San Clemente San Clemente () is a coastal city in Orange County, California, United States. The population was 63,522 in at the 2010 census. Located on the California Coast, midway between Los Angeles and San Diego, the southernmost city of Orange County is kn ...
(63,522) * [[Laguna Niguel, California|Laguna Niguel (62,979) * [[La Habra, California|La Habra (60,513)


Inland Empire

The Inland Empire, consisting of San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, contains fast-growing suburbs of the region, with a large to majority percentage of the working population commuting to either Los Angeles or Orange Counties for work. Originally an important center for [[citrus production, the region became an important industrial area by the early 20th century. The Inland Empire also became a key transportation center following the completion of [[U.S. Route 66 (California)|Route 66, and later [[Interstate 10 in California|Interstate 10. With the post-World War II economic boom leading to rapid development in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, land developers bulldozed acres of agricultural land to build suburbs in order to accommodate the Los Angeles area's expanding population. The development of a regional [[Southern California freeways|freeway system facilitated the expansion of suburbs and human migration linking the Inland Empire and rest of Greater Los Angeles. Despite being primarily suburban, the Inland Empire is also home to important warehousing, shipping, logistics and retail industries, centered on the subregion's major cities of [[Riverside, California|Riverside, [[San Bernardino, California|San Bernardino and [[Ontario, California|Ontario. While the Inland Empire is sometimes defined as the entirety of San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, the eastern undeveloped, desert portions of these counties are not considered to be part of Greater Los Angeles. The state of California defines this area to include the cities of [[Adelanto, California|Adelanto, [[Apple Valley, California|Apple Valley, and [[Victorville, California|Victorville to the north, the Riverside–San Diego county line to the south, and the towns of [[Anza, California|Anza, [[Idyllwild, California|Idyllwild, and [[Lucerne Valley, California|Lucerne Valley, along with the [[San Bernardino National Forest to the east. However, with clear northern and southern limits to expansion, the region's urban eastern boundaries have become increasingly nebulous as [[suburban sprawl continues to spread out to form a unified whole with Los Angeles, with further development encroaching past the [[San Bernardino Mountains|San Bernardino and [[San Jacinto Mountains and into the outlying desert areas. As a result, the regional definition of Greater Los Angeles can now be extended to include [[Barstow, California|Barstow and surrounding towns in the northeast, the [[Morongo Basin in the east-central including [[Yucca Valley, CA|Yucca Valley and [[Twentynine Palms, California|Twentynine Palms, and the [[Coachella Valley cities in the southeast. This interconnectivity, provided by one of the most extensive freeway systems in the world, as well as economic, social and media ties, has blended boundaries between these regions and the urbanized Los Angeles and Inland Empire areas.


Subregions in the Inland Empire

* [[High Desert (California)|High Desert (includes [[Antelope Valley in Los Angeles County plus [[Victor Valley, California|Victor Valley and [[Morongo Basin) * [[Low Desert ([[Coachella Valley, [[Palm Springs, California|Palm Springs and [[Palm Desert, California|Palm Desert area) * Northwest [[Riverside County ([[Corona, California|Corona, [[Norco, California|Norco, [[Eastvale, California|Eastvale, [[Jurupa Valley, California|Jurupa Valley, and [[Riverside, California|Riverside area) * Moreno Valley ([[Moreno Valley, California|Moreno Valley and [[Perris, California|Perris) * [[Pomona Valley ([[Pomona, California|Pomona, [[Rancho Cucamonga, [[Chino, California|Chino, and [[Ontario, California|Ontario area. Partially in Los Angeles County) * [[San Bernardino Valley ([[San Bernardino, [[Fontana, California|Fontana, [[Rialto, and [[Redlands, California|Redlands area) * [[San Gorgonio Pass ([[Banning, California|Banning, and [[Beaumont, California|Beaumont area) * [[San Jacinto Valley ([[Hemet, California|Hemet and [[San Jacinto, California|San Jacinto area) * [[Temecula Valley ([[Lake Elsinore, California|Lake Elsinore, [[Murrieta, California|Murrieta, [[Wildomar, California|Wildomar, and
Temecula Temecula is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, United States. The city is a tourist and resort destination, with the Temecula Valley Wine Country, Old Town Temecula, the Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival, the Temecula Val ...
area)


Edge cities in the Inland Empire

*[[Ontario Airport/[[Rancho Cucamonga, California|Rancho Cucamonga *[[Riverside, California|Riverside (emerging edge city as of 1991) *[[San Bernardino, California|San Bernardino (emerging edge city as of 1991)


Cities in the Inland Empire

List of cities with populations of over 60,000 as of the 2010 U.S. Census: * [[Riverside, California|Riverside (313,673) * [[San Bernardino, California|San Bernardino (213,708) * [[Fontana, California|Fontana (201,812) * [[Moreno Valley, California|Moreno Valley (193,365) * [[Rancho Cucamonga, California|Rancho Cucamonga (165,269) * [[Ontario, California|Ontario (163,924) * [[Corona, California|Corona (152,374) * [[Victorville, California|Victorville (115,903) * [[Murrieta, California|Murrieta (103,466) *
Temecula Temecula is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, United States. The city is a tourist and resort destination, with the Temecula Valley Wine Country, Old Town Temecula, the Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival, the Temecula Val ...
(100,097) * [[Rialto, California|Rialto (99,171) * [[Hesperia, California|Hesperia (90,173) * [[Menifee, California|Menifee (83,447) * [[Hemet, California|Hemet (78,657) * [[Chino, California|Chino (77,983) * [[Indio, California|Indio (76,036) * [[Chino Hills, California|Chino Hills (74,799) * [[Upland, California|Upland (73,732) * [[Apple Valley, California|Apple Valley (69,135) * [[Redlands, California|Redlands (68,747) * [[Perris, California|Perris (68,386)


Sparsely populated areas in the Inland Empire

While the above areas are included in the regional definition of Greater Los Angeles, the [[United States Census Bureau|U.S. Census Bureau defines Greater Los Angeles, or officially, the Los Angeles-Long Beach Combined Statistical Area, to include both the above-mentioned areas along with the entirety of San Bernardino and Riverside counties. These areas are sparsely developed and are part of the [[Mojave Desert|Mojave and [[Colorado Deserts. To the north, [[Interstate 15 in California|Interstate 15 crosses desolate desert landscape after passing Barstow, linking Greater Los Angeles with [[Las Vegas, with [[Baker, California|Baker being the only significant outpost along the route. To the east, lie the [[Mojave National Preserve and [[Joshua Tree National Park along with the towns of [[Needles, California|Needles and [[Blythe, California|Blythe on the California-Arizona border.


Ventura County

Ventura County is mostly suburban and rural and also has developed primarily through the growth of Los Angeles. The northern part of the county, however, remains largely undeveloped and is mostly within the [[Los Padres National Forest. Central and southern Ventura County formerly consisted of small towns along the Pacific Coast until the expansion of [[U.S. Route 101 in California|U.S. Route 101 drew in commuters from the San Fernando Valley. Master-planned cities soon began developing, and the county became increasingly urbanized.


Subregions in Ventura County

* [[Conejo Valley * [[Oxnard Plain


Edge cities in Ventura County

*[[Ventura, California|Ventura/Coastal Plain (emerging edge city as of 1991)


Cities in Ventura County

* [[Oxnard, California|Oxnard (199,943) * [[Thousand Oaks, California|Thousand Oaks (127,984) * [[Simi Valley, California|Simi Valley (125,814) * [[Ventura, California|Ventura (108,787) * [[Camarillo, California|Camarillo (65,895) * [[Moorpark, California|Moorpark (34,779) * [[Santa Paula, California|Santa Paula (29,321) * [[Port Hueneme, California|Port Hueneme (21,723) * [[Fillmore, California|Fillmore (15,002) * [[Ojai, California|Ojai (7,461)


Table of urban area components

Within the metropolitan areas the Census Bureau defines the following urbanized areas:


Demographics

According to the 2010 census, there were 17,877,006 people living in the Greater Los Angeles Area. The racial makeup of the area was 54.9% [[White (U.S. Census)|White (39.0% White Non-Hispanic), 12.3% [[Asian (U.S. Census)|Asian, 0.3% [[Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)|Pacific Islander, 7.0% [[African American (U.S. Census)|African American, 0.8% [[Native American (U.S. Census)|Native American, 20.2% from [[Race (U.S. Census)|other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. 44.9% of the population (8.0 million) were [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic of any race, including 35.7% of the population (6.4 million) which was of [[Mexican American|Mexican origin. 31.0% of the population (5.5 million) was foreign born; 18.3% (3.3 million) came from Latin America and 9.8% (1.7 million) from Asia. The explosive growth of the region in the 20th century can be attributed to its favorable [[Mediterranean climate, the availability of land and many booming industries such as [[oil industry|oil, [[automobile industry|automobile and rubber, [[movie industry|motion pictures and aerospace which in turn attracted millions of people from all over the United States and world. Citrus production was important to the region's development in the earlier part of the 20th century. While the [[New York metropolitan area is presently the most populous metropolitan area in the United States, it has been predicted in the past that Greater Los Angeles will eventually surpass Greater New York in population. Whether this will happen is yet to be seen, but past predictions on this event have been off the mark. A 1966 article in ''[[Time (magazine)|Time'' predicted Greater Los Angeles would surpass New York by 1975, and that by 1990, would reach close to the 19 million mark. But the article's flawed definition of Greater Los Angeles included [[San Diego, which is actually its own [[San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA MSA|metropolitan area. A 1989 article in ''[[The New York Times'' predicted Greater Los Angeles would surpass Greater New York by 2010, but the article predicted the population would be 18.3 million in that year, a number Greater New York has already surpassed as of 2007 by half a million people. As of 2009, the New York metropolitan area had a population of 22.2 million compared to the Greater Los Angeles Area's 18.7 million, about a 3.56 million persons difference. Percentage growth, however, has been higher in Greater Los Angeles over the past few decades than in Greater New York.


Demographics of Los Angeles and Orange counties


Age and gender

According to the 2009 [[American Community Survey, the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area had a population of 12,874,797, of which 6,402,498 (49.7% of the population) were male and 6,472,299 (50.3% of the population) were female. The age composition is shown in the table at right. Median age: 34.6 years


Race

According to the survey, the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area was 54.6% [[Race (United States Census)|White (32.2% non-Hispanic White alone), 7.0% [[Race (United States Census)|Black or African American, 0.5% [[Race (United States Census)|American Indian and Alaska Native, 13.9% [[Race (United States Census)|Asian, 0.3% [[Race (United States Census)|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 20.6% from Some other race, and 3.2% from Two or more races. [[Race (United States Census)|Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 44.8% of the population. Whites are the racial majority; whites (both Hispanic and non-Hispanic) make up 54.6% of the population. Non-Hispanic whites make up under one-third (32.2%) of the population. Approximately 7,028,533 residents are white, of which 4,150,426 are non-Hispanic whites. The top five [[Maps of American ancestries|European ancestries were [[German American|German: 6.9% (883,124), [[Irish American|Irish: 5.3% (786,541), [[English American|English: 4.8% (619,364), [[Italian American|Italian: 3.3% (425,056), and [[French American|French: 1.6% (204,635). Asians make up 13.9% of the population, the largest racial minority, since Hispanic/Latino is an ethnicity of any race. Asians of non-Hispanic origin make up 13.7% of the population. Approximately 1,790,140 residents are Asian, of which 1,770,225 are Asians of non-Hispanic origin. The six Asian ancestries mentioned were [[Filipino American|Filipino: 3.5% (454,086), [[Chinese American|Chinese: 3.0% (390,192), [[Korean American|Korean: 2.1% (274,288), [[Vietnamese American|Vietnamese: 2.0% (254,353), [[Japanese American|Japanese: 1.0% (134,466) and [[Indian American|Indian: 0.9% (116,090). "Other Asian" is an additional category that includes people who did not identify themselves as any of the groups above. This group includes people of [[Cambodian American|Cambodian, [[Laotian American|Laotian, [[Pakistani American|Pakistani, [[Burma|Burmese, [[Taiwanese American|Taiwanese, and [[Thai American|Thai descent, among others. Approximately 166,665 people are in this category, and they make up 1.3% of the population. African Americans or Blacks make up 7.0% of the population. Non-Hispanic blacks make up 6.7% of the population. Approximately 895,931 residents are black, of which 864,737 are non-Hispanic blacks. In the survey, 136,024 people identified their ancestry as "Sub-Saharan African", equal to 1.1% of the population. Native Americans make up 0.5% of the population (68,822), with those of non-Hispanic origin making up 0.2% (26,134). Approximately 3,872 [[Cherokee, 1,679 [[Navajo people|Navajo, 1,000 [[Chippewa, and 965 [[Sioux reside in the area. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders make up 0.3% of the population. Approximately 37,719 residents are Native Hawaiian or of other Pacific Islander ancestries, of which 33,982 are of non-Hispanic origin. The three Pacific Islander ancestries mentioned were [[Samoan American|Samoan: 0.1% (13,519), [[Native Hawaiians|Native Hawaiian: 0.1% (6,855), and Guamanian or Chamorro: <0.1% (4,581). "Other Pacific Islander" is an additional category that includes people who did not identify themselves as any of the groups above. This group includes people of Fijian and Tongan descent, among others. Approximately 12,764 people are in this category, and they make up 0.1% of the population. Multiracial people make up 3.2% of the population, of which 1.8% were of non-Hispanic origin. Approximately 405,568 people are multiracial, of which 228,238 are of non-Hispanic origin. The four multiracial ancestries mentioned were White and Asian: 0.8% (107,585), White and American Indian: 0.4% (55,960), White and Black or African American: 0.4% (53,476), and Black or African American and American Indian: 0.1% (12,661).


Hispanic or Latino origin

Hispanic or Latinos, who may be of any race, are by far, the largest minority group; Hispanics or Latinos make up 44.8% of the population. They outnumber every other racial group. Approximately 5,763,181 residents are Hispanic or Latino. The three Hispanic or Latino ancestries mentioned were [[Mexican American|Mexican: 35.5% (4,570,776), [[Puerto Rican American|Puerto Rican: 0.4% (48,780), and [[Cuban American|Cuban: 0.4%, (47,056). "Other Hispanic or Latino" is an additional category that includes people who did not identify themselves as any of the groups above. This group include people of [[Costa Rican American|Costa Rican, [[Salvadoran American|Salvadoran, and [[Colombian American|Colombian descent, among others. Approximately 1,096,569 people are in this category, and they make up 8.5% of the population. Source: Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on July 29, 2013. Part 1
American FactFinder
. Part 2
American FactFinder
.


Politics

Greater Los Angeles is a politically divided metropolitan area. During the 1970s and 1980s the region leaned toward the [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican Party.
Los Angeles County Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States and in the U.S. state of California, with more than ten million inhabitants . It is the most populous non–state-level government entity ...
, the most populous of the region, is a [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic stronghold, although it voted twice for both Richard Nixon (1968 and 1972) and Ronald Reagan (1980 and 1984).
Riverside County Riverside County is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,189,641, making it the fourth-most populous county in California and the 10th-most populous in the United St ...
,
San Bernardino County San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California, and is located within the Inland Empire area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 2,035,210, ma ...
, and Orange County have historically leaned toward the Republican Party, but have started shifting leftward in recent years.
Ventura County Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 823,318. The largest city is Oxnard, and the county seat is the city of Ventura. Ventura County comprises the Oxnard-Thou ...
is politically divided.


Economy

The Greater Los Angeles Area has the third largest metropolitan economy in the world, behind [[Greater Tokyo Area and [[New York Metropolitan Area. A 2010 Greyhill Advisors study indicated that the Los Angeles metropolitan area had a gross metropolitan product of $736 billion. As of 2017, the [[Combined statistical area of Greater Los Angeles (which includes the [[Los Angeles metropolitan area, the
Inland Empire The Inland Empire (IE) is a metropolitan area and region in Southern California, inland of and adjacent to Los Angeles. It includes the cities of western Riverside County and southwestern San Bernardino County, and is sometimes considered to in ...
and
Ventura County Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 823,318. The largest city is Oxnard, and the county seat is the city of Ventura. Ventura County comprises the Oxnard-Thou ...
) had a $1.252 trillion economy. Greater Los Angeles Area is the home of the US national headquarters of almost all Asian major car manufacturers except [[Nissan, [[Toyota, and [[Subaru (Nissan moved to [[Tennessee; Toyota moved to [[Texas; Subaru first located in [[Philadelphia but moved to [[New Jersey); Honda, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Suzuki, Hyundai and Kia have set up their national headquarters here. The economy of the Los Angeles metropolitan area is famously and heavily based on the [[entertainment industry, with a particular focus on television, [[film industry|motion pictures, [[videogames|interactive games, and [[Music industry|recorded music – the
Hollywood Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. Its name has come to be a shorthand reference for the U.S. film industry and the people associated with it. Many of its studios such as Disney, Paramount Pictures, ...
district of Los Angeles and its surrounding areas are known as the "movie capital of the United States" due to the region's extreme commercial and historical importance to the American [[motion picture industry. Other significant sectors include shipping/international trade – particularly at the adjacent [[Port of Los Angeles and [[Port of Long Beach, together comprising the United States' busiest seaport – as well as aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion and apparel, and tourism. The City of Los Angeles is home to five [[Fortune 500 companies: energy company [[Occidental Petroleum (until 2014 when it moved its headquarters to Houston), healthcare provider [[Health Net, metals distributor Reliance Steel & Aluminum, engineering firm [[AECOM, and real estate group [[CB Richard Ellis. Other companies headquartered in Los Angeles include [[American Apparel, [[City National Bank (California)|City National Bank, [[20th Century Fox, [[Latham & Watkins, [[Univision, Metro Interactive, LLC, [[Premier America, [[Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, [[DeviantArt, [[Guess (clothing)|Guess?, [[O’Melveny & Myers; [[Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker, [[Tokyopop, [[The Jim Henson Company, [[Paramount Pictures, [[Sunkist Growers, Incorporated, [[Tutor Perini, [[Fox Sports Net, [[The Capital Group Companies|Capital Group, and [[The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf. [[Korean Air's US passenger and cargo operations headquarters are in two separate offices in Los Angeles. Entertainment and media giant [[The Walt Disney Company is headquartered in nearby [[Burbank, California|Burbank. Los Angeles and Orange Counties together have an economy of roughly $1.044 trillion (estimated for 2017), or the total economic output or income of [[Indonesia's 250 million people; important are [[Real estate bubble|coastal California land values and the rents they command, which contribute heavily to GDP earnings, though there are worries that these high land values contribute to the long-term problem of housing affordability and are thus a possible risk to future GDP increase. This is evident when comparing the coast with the
Inland Empire The Inland Empire (IE) is a metropolitan area and region in Southern California, inland of and adjacent to Los Angeles. It includes the cities of western Riverside County and southwestern San Bernardino County, and is sometimes considered to in ...
, a large component of the five-county
combined statistical area Combined statistical area (CSA) is a United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) term for a combination of adjacent metropolitan (MSA) and micropolitan statistical areas (µSA) across the 50 US states and the territory of Puerto Rico th ...
(CSA) that nevertheless contributes a far smaller portion to regional [[gross metropolitan product but still dominates in industry. The Southland CSA is the third-largest [[List of cities by GDP|economic center in the world, after the [[Greater Tokyo Area and the [[New York-Newark-Bridgeport CSA. The [[Port of Los Angeles and [[Port of Long Beach together comprise the fifth-busiest port in the world, being the center of imports and exports for trade on the west Pacific Coast as well as being one of the most significant ports of the [[western hemisphere. The Port of Los Angeles occupies of land and water along of waterfront and is the busiest container port in the United States. The Port is the busiest port in the United States by container volume, the 8th busiest container port in the world.''"World Port Rankings – 2005"''
– Port Industry Statistics – [[American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) – Updated May 1, 2007 – (Microsoft Excel *.XLS document)
''"North American Port Container Traffic – 2006"''
– Port Industry Statistics – [[American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) – Updated May 14, 2007 – (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document)
FAQ # 22
at the Port of Los Angeles.org
The top trading partners in 2004 were: China ($68.8 billion), Japan ($24.1 billion), Taiwan ($10.8 billion), Thailand ($6.7 billion), & South Korea ($5.6 billion) The Port of Long Beach is the second-busiest container port in the United States. It adjoins the separate Port of Los Angeles. Acting as a major gateway for U.S.-Asian trade, the port occupies of land with of waterfront in the city of [[Long Beach, California. The seaport has approximately $100 billion in trade and provides more than 316,000 jobs in
Southern California Southern California (popularly known as SoCal; es|Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. It includes the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second mos ...

Southern California
. The Port of Long Beach imports and exports more than $100 billion worth of goods every year. The seaport provides the country with jobs, generates tax revenue, and supports retail and manufacturing businesses.


Economic statistics for Los Angeles and Orange Counties

In 2014, the population of the Long Beach–Los Angeles–Anaheim metropolitan statistical area (MSA) reached 13,262,220 and ranked second in the United States – a 1 percent increase from 2013. In 2014, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim had a [[Per capita personal income in the United States|per capita personal income (PCPI) of $50,751 and ranked 29th in the country. In 2014, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim placed third among the largest exporters in the United States (shipment totaling to $75.5 billion). The metro accounted for 40.8 percent of California's merchandise exports, mainly exporting computer and electronic products ($18.6 billion); transportation equipment ($15.3 billion) and chemicals ($5.6 billion). Nonetheless, the greater Los Angeles metro has immensely benefited from the free trade agreements: greater Los Angeles exported $25.1 billion to the NAFTA region and $776 million in goods to the CAFTA region. Overall, in 2014 the average wages and salaries reached $57,519 (in 2010, the average wages and salaries reached $54,729). Meanwhile, the median household income in 2014 was $56,935, a 1.4 percent increase from 2013 (average median household income was $56,164). ''Note'': Dollar items are in current dollars (not adjusted for inflation). Per capita items in dollars; other dollar items in thousands of dollars. Table 2 (refer below) is a chart of the four highest sectors in the metro area, with health care and social assistance reaching 15.54%. Table 3 (refer below) displays the location quotient for employment in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim MSA. Top three sectors include information; art, entertainment, and recreation; and real estate and rental and leasing. (Data obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2014. Data measures Location Quotient for sectors in the MSA area. U.S. Total is the base areas.)


Utilities and infrastructure

There are nine electric utility power companies in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. [[Southern California Edison serves a large majority of the Los Angeles metropolitan area except for Los Angeles city limits, Burbank, Glendale, Pasadena, Azusa, Vernon, Anaheim, and southern Orange County. Southern Orange County is part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area and it is served by [[San Diego Gas & Electric. There are three natural gas providers in the metropolitan area. [[Southern California Gas Company serves a large majority of the Los Angeles metropolitan area except for Long Beach and southern Orange County. The Los Angeles metropolitan area is served by the following utility companies.


Electricity

* [[Southern California Edison (largest electric utility in the Los Angeles metropolitan area) * [[Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (second-largest electric utility in the Los Angeles metropolitan area and the largest within the Los Angeles city limits) * Burbank Water and Power * Glendale Water and Power * Pasadena Water and Power * Anaheim Water and Power * Azusa Light & Power * Vernon Light & Power * [[San Diego Gas & Electric ''(serves southern Orange County, which is part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area)'' The only nuclear power plant that serves the Los Angeles metropolitan area is [[Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station in the US state of Arizona 46 miles west of Phoenix. LADWP and Southern California Edison get their electricity from it.


Natural gas

* [[Southern California Gas Company * City of Long Beach Gas Company * [[San Diego Gas & Electric ''(serves southern Orange County, which is part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area)''


Cable television

* [[Charter Communications, known as [[Charter Spectrum (serves a majority of the Los Angeles metropolitan area) * [[Cox Communications ''(serves parts of Orange County and the Palos Verdes peninsula)''


Phone and Internet

* [[AT&T * [[T-Mobile * [[Sprint Corporation|Sprint * [[Verizon * [[Metro PCS * [[cricket Wireless * [[Frontier Communications * [[Charter Spectrum


Medical facilities

Greater Los Angeles is one of the world's largest patient destinations. The Los Angeles Medical Services provide quality medical services and specialty care services to the populations served in compliance with local, state and federal regulations as well as human rights protectio

Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es|Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest city in California. With an estimated population of nearly four million people, it is the second most populous ...
and [[Orange County, California|Orange counties have separate medical service department but both work jointly. Government and Private hospitals open normally Monday through Friday, excluding City Holidays but some speciality hospitals are open year round

The main healthcare providers in the Los Angeles metropolitan area are [[Kaiser Permanente, Dignity Healthcare, and Providence Healthcare. LA Care and Care1st are also the main providers for those in the metropolitan area that have Medi-Cal.


Events

Major events include: *[[Auto Club 400, Inland Empire *[[BNP Paribas Open *Fashion Week El Paseo, Palm Springs *Holidays at the [[Disneyland Resort *[[LA Auto Show *Laguna Beach [[Pageant of the Masters *[[Los Angeles Film Festival *[[Newport Beach Christmas boat parade *Newport Beach Wine and Food Festival *[[Palm Springs International Film Festival *Palm Springs Modernism Week *[[Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival *Vans [[U.S. Open of Surfing


Awards ceremonies

*[[Academy Awards *[[Emmy Awards *[[Golden Globes *[[Grammy Awards *[[Screen Actors Guild Awards


Annual county fairs

* [[Los Angeles County Fair at [[Fairplex in Pomona * [[Orange County Fair (California)|Orange County Fair in Costa Mesa * [[Riverside County Fair and Date Festival


Tourism and attractions

Due to L.A.'s position as [[The Entertainment Capital of the World, there are many tourist attractions in the area. Consequently, Greater Los Angeles is one of the most visited areas in the world. Here is a breakdown of some of its major attractions:


Amusement parks

* [[Adventure City * [[Disneyland * [[Disney California Adventure|Disney's California Adventure * [[Knott's Berry Farm * [[Pacific Park * [[Six Flags Magic Mountain * [[Universal Studios Hollywood


Beaches

* [[Capistrano Beach, California|Capistrano Beach * [[Corona del Mar, Newport Beach|Corona del Mar * [[Dana Point, California|Dana Point * [[El Porto, Manhattan Beach, California|El Porto * [[El Segundo, California|El Segundo * [[Hermosa Beach, California|Hermosa Beach * [[Huntington Beach, California|Huntington Beach * [[Laguna Beach, California|Laguna Beach *
Long Beach Long Beach is a city in the U.S. state of California located within the Los Angeles metropolitan area. It is the 43rd most populous city in the United States, with a population of 463,218 as of 2020. A charter city, Long Beach is the 7th most ...
* [[Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles * [[Malibu, California|Malibu * [[Manhattan Beach, California|Manhattan Beach * [[Marina del Rey, California|Marina del Rey * [[Newport Beach, California|Newport Beach * [[Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles|Pacific Palisades * [[Palos Verdes Estates, California|Palos Verdes Estates * [[Playa del Rey, Los Angeles|Playa del Rey * [[Rancho Palos Verdes, California|Rancho Palos Verdes * [[Redondo Beach, California|Redondo Beach *
San Clemente San Clemente () is a coastal city in Orange County, California, United States. The population was 63,522 in at the 2010 census. Located on the California Coast, midway between Los Angeles and San Diego, the southernmost city of Orange County is kn ...
* [[San Pedro, Los Angeles|San Pedro * [[Santa Monica, California|Santa Monica * [[Seal Beach, California|Seal Beach * [[Sunset Beach, California|Sunset Beach * [[Venice Beach, California|Venice Beach


Shopping centers and districts

Key shopping centers and shopping districts that attract out-of-area visitors are listed here; see also the [[:Template:Shopping centers in Southern California|Table of Shopping Centers in Southern California. * [[Anaheim GardenWalk near Disneyland * [[Beverly Center near West Hollywood * [[Burbank Town Center * [[Citadel Outlets, City of Commerce * [[Del Amo Fashion Center, Torrance * [[Downtown Disney (California)|Downtown Disney * [[Fashion District, Los Angeles * [[Fashion Island * [[Glendale Galleria * [[Hollywood and Highland * [[Irvine Spectrum Center * [[Lakewood Center * [[Melrose Avenue, Hollywood * [[Old Pasadena * [[Ontario Mills * [[Paseo Colorado, Pasadena * [[Rodeo Drive and downtown [[Beverly Hills * [[The Grove at Farmer's Market, [[Fairfax District, Los Angeles|Fairfax District * [[South Coast Plaza, Costa Mesa *[[Third Street Promenade, Santa Monica * [[Universal CityWalk * [[Westfield Century City * [[Westfield MainPlace, Santa Ana


Film and TV studio tours

* [[Sony Pictures Entertainment * [[Universal Studios * [[Walt Disney Studios (Burbank)|Walt Disney Studios * [[Warner Bros.|Warner Brothers Studios


Water parks

* [[Dry Town Water Park * [[Raging Waters * [[Knott's Soak City USA * [[Six Flags Hurricane Harbor * [[Wild Rivers (water park)|Wild Rivers (Defunct) * [[Great Wolf Resorts|Great Wolf Lodge


Zoos and aquariums

* [[Aquarium of the Pacific * [[Griffith Park Zoo (Defunct) * [[Los Angeles Zoo * [[Ocean Institute * [[Orange County Zoo * [[Santa Ana Zoo


Museums

There are over 100 museums in the area, with some of the most widely visited being: * [[Academy Museum of Motion Pictures * [[Bowers Museum * [[California African American Museum * [[California Science Center * [[Children's Museum of Los Angeles * [[Chinese American Museum * [[Discovery Cube Los Angeles * [[Discovery Cube Orange County * [[El Pueblo de Los Ángeles Historical Monument * [[Getty Center * [[Grammy Museum at L.A. Live|Grammy Museum * [[Griffith Observatory * [[Hammer Museum * [[Hollywood Wax Museum * [[Huntington Library * [[La Brea Tar Pits and Page Museum * [[Los Angeles County Museum of Art * [[Mission San Buenaventura * [[Mission San Fernando Rey de España * [[Mission San Gabriel Arcángel * [[Mission San Juan Capistrano * [[Movieland Wax Museum * [[Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles|Museum of Contemporary Art * [[Museum of Tolerance * [[Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County * [[Nethercutt Collection * [[Norton Simon Museum * [[Orange County Museum of Art * [[RMS Queen Mary|Queen Mary * [[Birthplace of Richard Nixon|Richard Nixon Birthplace * [[Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum * [[Ripley's Believe It or Not! * [[Ronald Reagan Presidential Library * [[Southwest Museum of the American Indian * [[Travel Town Museum * [[USC Fisher Museum of Art * [[Watts Towers


Convention Centers

* [[Anaheim Convention Center * [[Los Angeles Convention Center * [[Pasadena Convention Center * [[Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center|Long Beach Convention Center


State parks & beaches

* [[Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve|Antelope Valley California Poppy State Reserve * [[Antelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic Park * [[Arthur B. Ripley Desert Woodland State Park * [[Bolsa Chica State Beach * [[Castaic Lake State Recreation Area * [[Corona del Mar State Beach * [[Crystal Cove State Park * [[Dockweiler State Beach * [[Doheny State Beach * [[Emma Wood State Beach * [[Huntington State Beach * [[Kenneth Hahn State Recreation Area * [[Leo Carrillo State Park * [[Los Angeles State Historic Park * [[Los Encinos State Historic Park * [[Malibu Creek State Park * [[Malibu Lagoon State Beach * [[Mandalay State Beach * [[McGrath State Beach * [[Pescadero State Beach * [[Pío Pico State Historic Park * [[Placerita Canyon State Park * [[Point Dume State Beach * [[Point Mugu State Park * [[Rio de Los Angeles State Park * [[Robert H. Meyer Memorial State Beach * [[Saddleback Butte State Park * [[San Buenaventura State Beach * [[San Clemente State Beach * [[San Onofre State Beach * [[Santa Monica State Beach * [[Santa Susana Pass State Historic Park * [[Topanga State Park * [[Verdugo Mountains|Verdugo Mountains State Recreation Area * [[Watts Towers of Simon Rodia State Historic Park * [[Will Rogers State Historic Park * [[Will Rogers State Beach


National parks, monuments, & refuges

* [[Channel Islands National Park * [[Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge * [[Joshua Tree National Park * [[Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail * [[Old Spanish National Historic Trail * [[Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area * [[Seal Beach National Wildlife Refuge


Other

* [[Balboa Fun Zone * [[Balboa Island, Newport Beach|Balboa Island * [[Balboa Pier * [[Bear Mountain (ski area)|Bear Mountain Ski Resort * [[Big Bear Lake * [[Santa Catalina Island (California)|Catalina Island * [[Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels * [[Crystal Cathedral * [[Devil's Punchbowl (Angeles National Forest)|Devil's Punchbowl * [[El Capitan Theatre * [[Exposition Park, Los Angeles|Exposition Park * [[Grauman's Chinese Theatre * [[Griffith Park * [[Hollywood Boulevard * [[Hollywood Bowl * [[Hollywood Sign * [[Hollywood Walk of Fame * [[Irvine Park (Orange, California)|Irvine Regional Park * [[Jet Propulsion Laboratory * [[La Brea Tar Pits * [[Mount Wilson Observatory * [[Newport Bay (California)|Newport Bay * [[O'Neill Regional Park * [[Orange County Great Park * [[Palm Springs Aerial Tramway * [[Santa Monica Pier * [[Universal City, California|Universal City * [[Venice, Los Angeles|Venice


Area and zip codes


Area codes

* [[Area code 213|213 – [[Downtown Los Angeles, surrounded by 323 (October 1947) * [[Area code 310|310/424 – [[Santa Monica, California|Santa Monica, [[Malibu, California|Malibu, [[Pacific Palisades, California|Pacific Palisades, [[Compton, California|Compton, [[Lynwood, California|Lynwood, [[Torrance, California|Torrance, [[Beverly Hills, California|Beverly Hills, [[Santa Catalina Island, California|Catalina Island; the southwestern portion of [[Los Angeles County. (Split from 213 on November 2, 1991; [[Overlay plan|overlaid by [[Area code 424|424 on August 26, 2006) * [[Area code 323|323 – a ring around downtown Los Angeles, including the Hollywood and [[Eagle Rock, Los Angeles, California|Eagle Rock neighborhoods of Los Angeles; [[South Los Angeles; the cities of [[South Gate, California|South Gate, [[Huntington Park, California|Huntington Park, [[Vernon, California|Vernon, [[Walnut Park, California|Walnut Park, [[Florence-Graham, California|Florence, [[Bell, California|Bell, [[Bell Gardens, California|Bell Gardens, [[Cudahy, California|Cudahy, [[Montebello, California|Montebello, and [[East Los Angeles, California|East Los Angeles. (Split from 213 on June 13, 1998) * [[Area code 562|562 –
Long Beach Long Beach is a city in the U.S. state of California located within the Los Angeles metropolitan area. It is the 43rd most populous city in the United States, with a population of 463,218 as of 2020. A charter city, Long Beach is the 7th most ...
, [[Downey, California|Downey, [[Whittier, California|Whittier; [[Norwalk, California|Norwalk, [[Lakewood, California|Lakewood, [[Bellflower, California|Bellflower, [[Paramount, California|Paramount, [[Cerritos, California|Cerritos, southeast [[Los Angeles County, and a small portion of coastal Orange County. (Split from 310 on January 25, 1997) * [[Area code 626|626 – [[Pasadena, California|Pasadena, [[Monterey Park, California|Monterey Park, [[Rowland Heights, California|Rowland Heights, [[Alhambra, California|Alhambra, and [[West Covina, California|West Covina; the [[San Gabriel Valley, and eastern suburbs of Los Angeles. (Split from 818 on June 14, 1997) * [[Area codes 657 and 714|657/714 –
Anaheim Anaheim () is a city in Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County, the 10th-most populous cit ...
, [[Huntington Beach, California|Huntington Beach, [[Santa Ana, California|Santa Ana, [[Orange, California|Orange, [[Garden Grove, California|Garden Grove; northern and western Orange County (Overlaid by 657 on September 23, 2008) * [[Area code 661|661 – [[Bakersfield, California|Bakersfield, [[Santa Clarita, California|Santa Clarita, [[Palmdale, California|Palmdale; northern [[Los Angeles County including the [[Antelope Valley, California|Antelope Valley, and most of [[Kern County, California|Kern County, including the southern [[San Joaquin Valley. (Split from 805 on February 13, 1999) * [[Area codes 747 and 818|747/818 – the cities of [[Burbank, California|Burbank, [[Glendale, California|Glendale, [[San Fernando, California|San Fernando; the [[North Hollywood, Los Angeles, California|North Hollywood, [[Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California|Van Nuys, [[Panorama City, Los Angeles, California|Panorama City, [[Sherman Oaks, Los Angeles, California|Sherman Oaks, and [[Northridge, Los Angeles, California|Northridge neighborhoods of Los Angeles; the [[San Fernando Valley. (Split from 213 on January 7, 1984) * [[Area code 909|909 – Southwest [[San Bernardino County and the far eastern L.A. County suburbs of [[Pomona, California|Pomona, [[Walnut, California|Walnut, [[Diamond Bar, California|Diamond Bar, [[San Dimas, California|San Dimas, [[La Verne, California|La Verne, and [[Claremont, California|Claremont. * [[Area code 949|949 – [[Irvine, California|Irvine, [[Laguna Beach, California|Laguna Beach, [[Newport Beach, California|Newport Beach, [[San Juan Capistrano, California|San Juan Capistrano; southern and eastern Orange County. (Split from 714 on April 18, 1998) * [[Area code 951|951 – [[Corona, California|Corona, [[Hemet, California|Hemet, [[Jurupa Valley, California|Jurupa Valley, [[Moreno Valley, California|Moreno Valley, [[Riverside, California|Riverside,
Temecula Temecula is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, United States. The city is a tourist and resort destination, with the Temecula Valley Wine Country, Old Town Temecula, the Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival, the Temecula Val ...
; western end of
Riverside County Riverside County is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,189,641, making it the fourth-most populous county in California and the 10th-most populous in the United St ...
.


Media

The Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to the headquarters of several well-known media companies including: the [[Los Angeles Times, [[Fox Broadcasting Company, [[Universal Studios, and [[The Walt Disney Company. Local television channels broadcasting to the Los Angeles market include [[KCBS-TV 2 (CBS), [[KNBC 4 (NBC), [[KTLA 5 (CW), [[KABC-TV|KABC 7 (ABC), [[KCAL-TV 9 (Independent/CBS), [[KTTV 11 (FOX), [[KCOP 13 (myNetworkTV), [[KPXN-TV 38/30 ([[Ion Television|Ion), and [[KLCS 41/58 (PBS). Radio stations serving the area include: [[KKJZ, [[KIIS-FM|KIIS, [[KNX (AM), and [[KMZT (AM)|KMZT.


Education


Primary and Secondary Education

The [[Los Angeles Unified School District serves the city of L.A., and [[List of school districts in Los Angeles County, California|other school districts serve the surrounding areas. A number of private schools are also located in the region.


Higher Education

Greater Los Angeles is home to [[List of colleges and universities in Southern California|a number of colleges and universities. The [[University of Southern California and [[University of California, Los Angeles are among the largest, and the [[Claremont Colleges and [[California Institute of Technology are among the most academically renowned. Below is a list of colleges and universities within the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area. * [[Azusa Pacific University * [[California State University Bakersfield (Antelope Valley satellite campus) * [[California State University Channel Islands|California State University, Channel Islands * [[California State University, Dominguez Hills * [[California State University, Fullerton *[[California State University, Northridge * [[California State University, Long Beach * [[California State University, Los Angeles * [[California State University, San Bernardino * [[California State Polytechnic University, Pomona * [[California Institute of Technology * [[Chapman University * [[Claremont Colleges * [[Laguna College of Art and Design * [[University of California, Irvine * [[University of California, Los Angeles * [[University of California, Riverside * [[University of Southern California * [[Pepperdine University * [[Soka University of America * [[Vanguard University


Transportation

Greater Los Angeles is known for its expansive transportation network. Most notable is its extensive highway system. The area is a junction for numerous interstates coming from the north, east, and south and contains the three principal north-south highways in California: [[Interstate 5, [[U.S. Route 101, and [[California State Route 1. The area is also home to several ports, including the twin ports of [[Port of Long Beach|Long Beach and [[Port of Los Angeles|Los Angeles, which are the two busiest in the United States, as well as [[Port of Hueneme. Additionally, the region is also served by the [[Metro Rail (Los Angeles County)|Metrorail and [[Metrolink (Southern California)|Metrolink commuter rail systems that link neighborhoods of Los Angeles with immediate surrounding suburbs and most of the region (excluding the outer region of the Inland Empire) with [[Oceanside, California|Oceanside in San Diego County, respectively. [[Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) is the principal international airport of the region and is one of the busiest in the world. Other airports include [[Ontario International Airport (ONT), [[John Wayne Airport (SNA), [[Bob Hope Airport (BUR), [[Long Beach Municipal Airport (LGB), and [[Palm Springs International Airport (PSP).


Commercial airports

The primary airport serving the LA metro area is [[Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), one of the busiest airports in the United States. LAX is in southwestern Los Angeles, from Downtown Los Angeles. LAX is the only airport to serve as a hub for all three U.S. legacy airlines —American, Delta and United. In addition to LAX, [[List of airports in the Los Angeles area|other airports, including [[Bob Hope Airport, [[John Wayne Airport, [[Long Beach Airport, and [[LA/Ontario International Airport, also serve the region.


Bridges

The Los Angeles metropolitan area has only one suspension bridge: [[Vincent Thomas Bridge in [[San Pedro, Los Angeles|San Pedro, and one cable-stayed bridge: [[Gerald Desmond Bridge (2020-present)|Gerald Desmond Bridge in
Long Beach Long Beach is a city in the U.S. state of California located within the Los Angeles metropolitan area. It is the 43rd most populous city in the United States, with a population of 463,218 as of 2020. A charter city, Long Beach is the 7th most ...
.


Interstates

* Golden State Freeway/[[Santa Ana Freeway/San Diego Freeway/Montgomery Freeway ([[Interstate 5 in California|Interstate 5) * Santa Monica Freeway/Rosa Parks Freeway/Golden State Freeway ([[Interstate 10 (California)|Interstate 10) * Veteran's Memorial Highway ([[Interstate 15 (California)|Interstate 15) * Glenn Anderson Freeway/Century Freeway ([[Interstate 105 (California)|Interstate 105) * Harbor Freeway ([[Interstate 110 (California)|Interstate 110) * Foothill Freeway ([[Interstate 210 (California)|Interstate 210) * San Diego Freeway ([[Interstate 405 (California)|Interstate 405) * San Gabriel River Freeway ([[Interstate 605 (California)|Interstate 605) * Long Beach Freeway ([[Interstate 710 (California)|Interstate 710)


U.S. highways

* [[Will Rogers Highway ([[U.S. Route 66 in California|U.S. Route 66) * [[Pacific Highway (United States)|Pacific Highway ([[U.S. Route 99 in California|U.S. Route 99) * [[Santa Ana Freeway/[[Hollywood Freeway ([[U.S. Route 101 in California|U.S. Route 101)


California state highways

* [[California State Route 1|State Route 1 * [[California State Route 2|State Route 2 * [[California State Route 14|State Route 14 * [[California State Route 18|State Route 18 * [[California State Route 19|State Route 19 * [[California State Route 22|State Route 22 * [[California State Route 23|State Route 23 * [[California State Route 27|State Route 27 * [[California State Route 33|State Route 33 * [[California State Route 34|State Route 34 * [[California State Route 39|State Route 39 * [[California State Route 47|State Route 47 * [[California State Route 55|State Route 55 * [[California State Route 57|State Route 57 * [[California State Route 60|State Route 60 * [[California State Route 71|State Route 71 * [[California State Route 72|State Route 72 * [[California State Route 73|State Route 73 * [[California State Route 74|State Route 74 * [[California State Route 83|State Route 83 * [[California State Route 90|State Route 90 * [[California State Route 91|State Route 91 * [[California State Route 107|State Route 107 * [[California State Route 110|State Route 110 * [[California State Route 118|State Route 118 * [[California State Route 126|State Route 126 * [[California State Route 133|State Route 133 * [[California State Route 134|State Route 134 * [[California State Route 138|State Route 138 * [[California State Route 142|State Route 142 * [[California State Route 170|State Route 170 * [[California State Route 187|State Route 187 * [[California State Route 210|State Route 210 * [[California State Route 213|State Route 213 * [[California State Route 241|State Route 241 * [[California State Route 261|State Route 261


Los Angeles County Metro

The [[Metro Rail (Los Angeles County)|Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. It is run by the [[Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority and its system runs six rail lines throughout Los Angeles County. Metro Rail currently operates four [[light rail lines and two [[rapid transit subway lines, altogether totaling of rail, 101 stations, and over 360,000 daily weekday boardings . * The [[A Line (Los Angeles Metro)|A Line (Blue) – Light Rail * The [[B Line (Los Angeles Metro)|B Line (Red) – Heavy Rail * The [[C Line (Los Angeles Metro)|C Line (Green) – Light Rail * The [[D Line (Los Angeles Metro)|D Line (Purple) – Heavy Rail * The [[E Line (Los Angeles Metro)|E Line (Expo) – Light Rail * The [[G Line (Los Angeles Metro)|G Line (Orange) – Busway * The [[J Line (Los Angeles Metro)|J Line (Silver) – Busway * The [[L Line (Los Angeles Metro)|L Line (Gold) – Light Rail The systems light rail system is the [[List of United States Light Rail systems by ridership|second busiest LRT system in the United States, after Boston, by number of riders, with 200,300 average weekday boardings during the third quarter of 2012. By 2019, it had become the most heavily-ridden light rail system in the country. Since the region of the city is in close proximity to a major fault area the tunnels were built to resist earthquakes of up to magnitude 7.5. Both subway lines use an electrified third rail to provide power to the trains, rendering these lines unusable on the other three. The Blue and Gold Lines run mostly at grade, with some street-running, elevated, and underground stretches in the more densely populated areas of Los Angeles. The Green Line is entirely grade separated, running in the median of I-105 and then turning southward along an elevated route. The rail lines run regularly on a 5 am and midnight schedule, seven days a week. Limited service on particular segments is provided after midnight and before 5 am There is no rail service between 2 and 3:30 am Exact times vary from route to route; see individual route articles for more information.


Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA)


Regional and commuter rail

There are two providers of heavy rail transportation in the region, [[Amtrak and [[Metrolink (Southern California)|Metrolink. Amtrak provides service to [[San Diego, [[Santa Barbara, California|Santa Barbara, [[San Luis Obispo, and points in between on the [[Pacific Surfliner. It also provides long-distance routes, including the [[Coast Starlight which goes to the [[San Francisco Bay Area, [[Portland, Oregon, and [[Seattle, Washington; the [[Southwest Chief which goes to [[Flagstaff, Arizona, [[Albuquerque, New Mexico, [[Kansas City, Missouri and
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will | image_map = | map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago | coordinates = | coordinates_footnotes = | subdivision_type = Country | subdivisio ...

Chicago
; and the [[Sunset Limited which provides limited service (three days a week) to [[Tucson, [[El Paso, [[Houston, and [[New Orleans. Metrolink provides service to numerous places within Southern California, including all counties in the region. Metrolink operates to 55 stations on seven lines within Southern California which mostly (except for the [[Inland Empire-Orange County Line) radiate from [[Los Angeles Union Station.


Sports


Professional teams

As a whole, the Los Angeles area has more national championships, all sports combined (college and professional), than any other city in the United States, with over four times as many championships as the entire state of Texas, and just over twice that of New York City. It is the only American city to host the Olympic games twice: once in [[1932 Summer Olympics|1932, and more recently in [[1984 Summer Olympics|1984. Los Angeles will also be the host of the [[2028 Summer Olympics, becoming the third city to host three Olympic Games, after [[London and [[Paris.


Table of professional teams and venues

Other professional venues include: * [[Auto Club Raceway at Pomona|Auto Club Raceway, Pomona * [[Auto Club Speedway * [[LA84 Foundation/John C. Argue Swim Stadium|John C. Argue Swim Stadium * [[Long Beach Marine Stadium * [[Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (Temporary) * [[Rose Bowl (stadium)|Rose Bowl * [[Santa Anita Park * [[The Forum (Inglewood, California)|The Forum * [[VELO Sports Center


NCAA Division I college sports

* Cal Baptist University *[[Cal State Fullerton Titans * [[Cal State Northridge Matadors * [[Long Beach State 49ers * [[Loyola Marymount Lions * [[Pepperdine Waves * [[UC Irvine Anteaters * [[UC Riverside Highlanders * [[UCLA Bruins ([[Football Bowl Subdivision|FBS) * [[USC Trojans ([[Football Bowl Subdivision|FBS)


Other sports

The Greater Los Angeles area also has three well-known horse racing facilities: [[Santa Anita Park, [[Los Alamitos Race Course and the former [[Hollywood Park Racetrack and three major motorsport venues: [[Auto Club Speedway, [[Long Beach street circuit, and [[Auto Club Raceway at Pomona. In addition, the city of Los Angeles hosted the Summer Olympics in [[1932 Summer Olympics|1932 and [[1984 Summer Olympics|1984. For over twenty years the Los Angeles area media market lacked a [[National Football League team. After the 1994 season, the [[History of the Los Angeles Rams|Los Angeles Rams moved to [[St. Louis, Missouri, and the [[History of the Los Angeles Raiders|Los Angeles Raiders returned to their original home of [[Oakland, California, due to the lack of an up-to-date NFL stadium. After [[Proposed Los Angeles NFL stadiums|numerous stadium proposals between 1995 and 2016 in an attempt to bring the NFL back, the [[History of the Oakland Raiders|Oakland Raiders, [[St. Louis Rams, and [[San Diego Chargers all submitted plans to relocate back to Los Angeles after the [[2015 NFL season. On January 12, 2016, the Rams were approved to move to Los Angeles and build [[SoFi Stadium with the Chargers or Raiders given the option to join them. On January 12, 2017, the Chargers announced their move to Los Angeles to join the Rams. The Rams temporarily play at the [[Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum while the Chargers temporarily play at [[Dignity Health Sports Park|StubHub Center. Both teams will share the new [[SoFi Stadium in [[Inglewood, California, once construction is completed.


See also

* [[California megapolitan areas * [[Largest metropolitan areas in the Americas * [[List of hotels in Los Angeles * [[Los Angeles Basin *
Southern California Southern California (popularly known as SoCal; es|Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. It includes the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second mos ...

Southern California


References

{{Authority control [[Category:Greater Los Angeles| [[Category:Metropolitan areas of California [[Category:Regions of California [[Category:Southern California [[Category:Tourism regions of California