Lakeland is a city in Polk County, Florida, part of the Tampa Bay area, Tampa Bay Area, located along Interstate 4 east of Tampa, Florida, Tampa. According to the 2019 U.S. Census Bureau estimate, the city had a population of 112,136. Lakeland is a principal city of the Lakeland–Winter Haven metropolitan area, Lakeland–Winter Haven Metropolitan Statistical Area. European-American settlers arrived in Lakeland from Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia and South Carolina in the 1870s. The city expanded in the 1880s with the arrival of rail service, with the first freedmen railway workers settling here in 1883.Kimberly C. Moore, "Confederate vets, former slaves form Lakeland’s history"
''The Ledger'', 09 May 2018; accessed 27 June 2018
They and European immigrants also came because of land development oppotunities with farming, citrus, cattle and phosphate industry developing. Lakeland is home to the 1,267-acre Circle B Bar Reserve.



* 1884 ** South Florida Railroad begins operating. ** Freedmen establish St. John's Baptist Church in what would come to be called the Moorehead community south of Lake Wire ** Town platted on land of Abraham Munn. * 1885 – Town of Lakeland Local government in the United States, incorporated on January 1, 1885. Kentucky businessman, Abraham Munn, who had purchased 80 acres of land in what is now downtown Lakeland in 1882 and platted the land for the town the previous year. He dontated the land and money to build the first railroad depot in Lakeland which helped boost transportation and enterprise. * 1891 – Electric lighting introduced. * 1894 ** Acton, Florida, Acton becomes part of Lakeland. ** "Freeze damages Citrus production, citrus crops." * 1900 – Population: 1,180. * 1904 – Fire. * 1905 – Population: 3,299. * 1910 – Munn Park Historic District, Munn Park and the Confederate monument were dedicated. * 1911 – ''Lakeland Evening Telegram'' List of newspapers in Florida, newspaper begins publication. * 1912 – Auditorium built. * 1913 – City Hall built. * 1915 – ''Lakeland Morning Star'' List of newspapers in Florida, newspaper begins publication. * 1916 – Morrell Memorial List of hospitals in Florida, Hospital opens. * 1921 – William Bowles was the last of 20 African-American men Lynching in the United States, lynched in the county since Reconstruction; he had allegedly insulted a white woman.Kimberly C. Moore, "Lynchings, Klan activity part of Polk’s history"
''The Ledger'', 07 May 2018
* 1922 – Florida Southern College relocates to Lakeland. * 1924 – Lakeland Terrace Hotel in business. * 1925 – Henley Field Ball Park opens. * 1928 – Lakeland Theatre in business. ** – The first high school is opened for Mooreland black students. * 1930 – Population: 18,554. * 1933 – Junior Welfare League of Lakeland formed. * 1935 – Southeastern College of the Assemblies of God established. * 1936 – WLAK List of radio stations in Florida, radio begins broadcasting. * 1937 – Roxy Theatre in business (approximate date). * 1941 – ''Lakeland Ledger'' newspaper begins publication. * 1949 – WONN List of radio stations in Florida, radio begins broadcasting. * 1953 – Filmland Drive-In cinema in business. * 1957 – WWAB List of radio stations in Florida, radio begins broadcasting. * 1960 – Lakeland Flying Tigers, Lakeland Indians baseball team formed. * 1966 – Joker Marchant Stadium opens. * 1967 – Much of the Moorehead community is displaced as city uses eminent domain to buy property for civic center and later Veterans Memorial Park * 1977 – "It Snow in Florida, snows in Lakeland." * 1980 – Population: 47,406. * 1988 – Lakeland Square Mall in business. * 1990 – Population: 70,576. * 1993 ** George Jenkins High School opens. ** International Sport Aviation Museum established. * 1998 - Lakeland.net website online (approximate date). * 2004 – August: Hurricane Charley occurs. * 2005 – Lakeside Village shopping center in business. * 2009 – Gow Fields was elected as Lakeland's first African-American mayor * 2010 – Population: 97,422. * 2014 ** Florida Polytechnic University opens.


The first Paleo-Indians reached the central Florida area near the end of the Last glacial period, last ice age, as they followed big game south. As the ice melted and sea levels rose, these Native Americans ended up staying and thrived on the peninsula for thousands of years. By the time the first Spanish conquistadors arrived, an estimated 350,000 Native Americans were living in what is now the state of Florida. Some of these first early tribes were the Tocobago, Timucua, and Calusa. In 1527, a Spanish map showed a settlement near the Peace River (Florida), Rio de la Paz. The arrival of the Spanish turned out to be disastrous to these Native American tribes. Within 150 years, the majority of the pre-Columbian Native American peoples of Florida had been wiped out. Those who had not succumbed to diseases such as smallpox or yellow fever were either killed or enslaved. Little is left of these first Native Americans cultures in Polk County except for scant archaeological records, including a few personal artifacts and shell mounds. Eventually, the remnants of these tribes merged with the Creek Indians who had arrived from the north and became the Seminoles, Seminole Indian tribe.

Early history

File:Lakeland Cox School01.jpg, The John F. Cox Grammar School opened in 1925, now re-purposed as the clinic for Lakeland Volunteers in Medicine In the 18th century Native Americans groups, collectively called "Seminoles", moved into the areas left vacant. In 1823 the United States and the various "tribes" in Florida signed the Treaty of Moultrie Creek, which created a reservation in central Florida that included what is now Polk County. Starting in 1832 the United States government tried to move the Seminoles in Florida west to the Indian Territory. Most of the Seminoles resisted, resulting in the Second Seminole War, 1835–1842. By the end of that war, most of the Seminoles had been sent west, with a few remnants pushed well south of what is now Polk County. Florida became a state in 1845, and Polk County was established in 1861. After the American Civil War, the county seat was established southeast of Lakeland in Bartow, Florida, Bartow. While most of Polk County's early history centered on the two cities of Bartow and Fort Meade, Florida, Fort Meade, eventually, people entered the areas in northern Polk County and began settling in the areas which became Lakeland. Lakeland was first settled in the 1870s and began to develop as the railroad, rail lines reached the area in 1884. Freedmen settled here in 1883, starting development of what became the African-American neighborhood of Moorehead. Lakeland was incorporated January 1, 1885. The town was founded by Abraham Munn (a resident of Louisville, Kentucky), who purchased of land in what is now downtown Lakeland in 1882 and platted the land for the town in 1884. Lakeland was named for the many lakes near the town site. In April 1898, the Spanish–American War began and started a crucial point in Lakeland's development. While the war ended quickly and had little effect on most of the nation, the Florida peninsula was used as a launching point for military forces in the war. The then small town of Lakeland housed over 9,000 troops. The Buffalo soldiers, a Black regiment, was stationed on the banks of Lake Wire. The Florida boom resulted in the construction of many significant structures in Lakeland, a number of which are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. This list includes the Terrace Hotel, New Florida Hotel (Regency Tower, currently Lake Mirror Tower), Polk Theatre and Office Building, Polk Theatre, Frances Langford Promenade, Polk Museum of Art (not a product of the 1920s boom), Park Trammell Building (formerly the Lakeland Public Library and today the Lakeland Chamber of Commerce), and others. The city also has several historic districts that have many large buildings built during the 1920s and 1940s. The Cleveland Indians held spring training there from 1923 to 1927 at Henley Field Ball Park. Parks were developed surrounding Lake Mirror, including Barnett Children's Park, Hollis Gardens, and the newest, Allen Kryger Park. The "boom" period went "bust" quickly, and years passed before the city recovered. Part of the re-emergence was due to the arrival of the Detroit Tigers baseball team in 1934 for spring training. The Tigers still train at Lakeland's Joker Marchant Stadium and own the city's Minor League Baseball, Class A Florida State League team, the Lakeland Flying Tigers. In the mid-1930s, the Works Progress Administration built the Lodwick Field, Lakeland Municipal Airport. In 1938, Florida Southern College President Ludd M. Spivey, Ludd Spivey invited architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design a "great education temple in Florida." Wright worked on the project for over 20 years as Spivey found ways to fund it and find construction workers during World War II. Wright's original plan called for 18 structures; in total he designed 30, but only 12 were completed. Wright's Textile block house, textile block motif is used extensively on the campus. The concrete blocks he used are in need of restoration. Wright titled the project ''Child of the Sun'', describing his Florida Southern buildings as being "out of the ground, into the light, a child of the sun." It is the largest single-site collection of Frank Lloyd Wright buildings in the world, and attracts 30,000 visitors each year. In 1975, the "Florida Southern Architectural District" was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 2012, Wright's campus was designated as a National Historic Landmark by the National Park Service.

World War II

At the beginning of World War II, the Lakeland School of Aeronautics—headquartered at the recently built Lakeland Municipal Airport—became part of a nationwide network of civilian flight schools enjoined for the war effort by the United States Army Air Corps. Between 1940 and 1945, more than 8,000 Army Air Corps and United States Army Air Forces, Army Air Forces cadets trained on two-seater Boeing-Stearman Model 75, Stearman PT-17 and PT-13 biplanes at the school (renamed the Lodwick School of Aeronautics in the midst of this period). From June 1941 until October 1942, 1,327 British Royal Air Force cadets trained at the Lakeland facility. The Lodwick School of Aeronautics closed in 1945. The airport ceased flight operations in the 1960; the site has since then housed the Detroit Tigers' "Tiger Town" baseball complex.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of , of which is land and (10.90%) is covered by water. Lakeland is within the Central Florida Highlands area of the Atlantic coastal plain, with a terrain consisting of flatland interspersed with gently rolling hills.


The dominant feature in Lakeland is the city's many lakes. Thirty-eight lakes are named, with a number of other bodies of water unnamed, mostly phosphate mine pits that eventually filled with water. The largest of these is Lake Parker, Florida, Lake Parker, which is in size. Much of the culture of Lakeland revolves around its many lakes, and many people use the lakes as reference points in much the same way people in other towns use streets as reference points, such as "I live near Lake Beulah." In addition to Lake Parker, some of the more prominent lakes in the Lakeland area are Lake Hollingsworth, Lake Morton, Lake Mirror, and Lake Gibson (Florida), Lake Gibson. Swans are one of the most visible features on the lakes near downtown Lakeland. They have a long history, the first swans appearing around 1923. By 1954, the swans were gone, eradicated by alligators and pets. A Lakeland resident who mourned the passing of the swans wrote to Elizabeth II, Queen Elizabeth. The royal family allowed the capture of two of the royal swans, and the swans now on the lakes of Lakeland are the descendants of the royal swans sent by the Queen. In July 2006, Scott Lake, one of the city's lakes, was almost totally drained by a cluster of sinkholes. Later the lake partially refilled.


Lakeland, like most other parts of Florida north of Lake Okeechobee, is in the humid subtropical zone (Köppen climate classification: ''Cfa''). Typically, summers are hot and humid with high temperatures seldom dropping below 90 °F and 70 °F for the overnight low. Like most of Central Florida, afternoon thunderstorms are the norm throughout the summer. Winters in Lakeland are drier and mild, with frequent sunny skies. High temperatures range in the low 70s during the day, with lows in the 50s. Rare cold snaps drop temperatures below freezing every few years.

Government and politics

Image:Lakeland Munn Park Hist Dist Old City Hall03.jpg, Former Lakeland city hall, built 1913 Lakeland is governed by a six-member city council. Four members are elected from single-member districts; the other two are elected at-large, requiring them to gain a majority of the votes. The mayor is elected.


The City of Lakeland was incorporated on January 1, 1885. The mayor is one of seven members of the City Commission, acting as the board chair and performing mostly ceremonial and procedural duties beyond the powers of the other six. Prior to 1988, the City Commission selected Lakeland's mayor from among its members. Mayors can be on the board for up to 12 years in a lifetime, or 16 years in combination with holding a regular commission position. Lakeland's first mayor was J.W. Trammell. The first female mayor was Lois Q. Searl, who served in 1965. The 1970 municipal election placed the first African-American on the City Commission, Dr. John S. Jackson. In 1972, he became the first black mayor for the city. In 1980, Carrie R. Oldham became Lakeland's first African-American female mayor. Since 1988 the mayor has been elected by the city's voters. * John W. Trammell, 1885 * John D. Torrence, 1885 * Eppes C. Tucker, Sr., 1886, 1887, 1888 * Napoleon B. Bowyer, 1889, 1890 * Herbert J. Drane, 1888–1892 * J. T. Park, 1894 * Clarence A. Boswell, 1894–1896 * James p. Thompson, 1897, 1899 * Samuel L.A. Clonts, 1898, 1903, 1904, 1912 * C. M. Marsh, 1898 * Park Trammell, 1900–1902 * John F. Cox, 1905–1907, 1911, 1916, 1917 * John S. Edwards, 1909 * Jackson, William K., 1910 * Oscar M. Eaton, 1913–1915 * Edwin C. Flanagan, 1918, 1919 * Frank H. Thompson, 1920 * Hubert C. Petteway, 1921 * J.T. Hodges, 1922,1923 * Daniel C. Boswell, 1924 * John W. Buchanan, Jr., 1925 * J. Bunyan Smith, 1926 * Jesse F. Council, 1927, 1928 * William S. Rodgers, 1927 * William F. Reid, 1928, 1931 * Charles I. Dwiggins, 1929 * H. Dean Grady, 1930, 1931 * Benjamin M. Pulliam, 1932 * Elijah A. Godwin, 1933, 1935 * Edward L. Mack, 1934 * George W. Mershon, 1936 * H. Clay Haynes, 1937 * Lutie M. Koons, 1938 * Thomas D. Conter, 1939 * Ira C. Hopper, 1940 * George J. Tolson, 1941, 1944, 1947 * Elmer E. Kelly, Jr., 1942 * Horace W. Gibson, 1943 * William Cade, 1945, 1948 * Edwin C. Flanagan, Jr., 1946 * Clinton V. McClurg, 1948 * Ernest B. Sutton, 1949 * Guerry L. Dobbins, 1950 * Clayton Logan, 1951 * James J. Musso, 1952, 1958 * Norman T. Kent, 1953 * Wilbur Y. Wooten, 1954 * Scott Kelly (politician), S. Scott Kelly, 1955 * Mac H. Cunningham, 1956 * Earl W. Bowen, 1957 * William M. Hollis, 1958 * R. Tom Joyner, Jr., circa 1959 * William G. Cooper, Jr., 1960 * Reuben H. Gibson, 1961 * Morris J. Pritchard, 1962 * William H. Lofton, 1963 * R. Harold Grizzard, 1964 * James R. West, 1965 * Lois Q. Searl, 1965 * John H. Woodall, Jr., 1966 * W. Jack Day, 1967 * George W. Trask, 1968, 1969, 1974 * Marvin H. Henderson, Jr., 1970 * Joe P. Ruthven, 1971 * Charles E. Whitten, 1972 * John S. Jackson, 1972, 1973 * W. Carl Dicks, 1975 * Peggy C. Brown, 1976, 1984 * Charles A. Coleman, 1977 * John Tolson, 1977 * Curtis I. Walker, 1978 * George R. Burt, 1979 * Carrie R. Oldham, 1980, first African-American female mayor * R. Larry Turnipseed, 1981 * J. Larry Durrence, 1982, 1986 * Frank J. O'Reilly, 1983, 1987, 1989–1993 * Thomas R. Shaw, 1985 * Willie J. Williams, 1988 * Buddy Fletcher (politician), Buddy Fletcher, 1993–2009 * Gow Fields, 2010–2013, first African-American mayor elected in the city * R. Howard Wiggs, 2014–2018 * Bill Mutz, 2018–present

Law enforcement

On September 28, 2006, Polk County Sheriff's Deputy Vernon "Matt" Williams and his K-9 partner Diogi were shot and killed after a routine traffic stop in the Wabash area of Lakeland. More than 500 police officers from a variety of law enforcement agencies joined in a search for Angilo Freeland, suspected of murdering Williams and stealing his gun. Freeland was found hiding in a rural area the next morning. Nine officers from five different law enforcement agencies surrounded Freeland and shot him when he raised Williams' stolen gun at them. A total of 110 shots were fired, and Freeland was hit 68 times, killing him instantly. Multiple investigations concluded the officers' use of force was justified. Deputy Williams and Diogi were laid to rest on October 3, 2006, after a funeral that included a one-hour-and-45-minute procession to Auburndale, Florida, Auburndale.

Police canine unit

The Lakeland Police Department is recognized as having one of the best-trained canine units in the United States. At the annual USPCA Police Dog Field Trials—the largest competition of police dogs in the United States—Lakeland police dog "Nox" took first place in 2015, "Bruno" took first place in 2012 and 2013, and "Charief" took second place in 2009 and 2011.


As of 2010, 48,218 households were in the city, with 15.5% being vacant. As of 2000, 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39% were individuals and nontraditional families. About 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.82. As of the 2010 census, the city was 20.9% Black or African American, 70.8% White, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian, and 2.7% were two or more races. Of the population 12.6% were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. In 2000, the city the population was spread out, with 21.4% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males. In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $16,119, and for a family was $17,468. Males had a median income of $14,137 versus $9,771 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,760. About 47% of families and 35% of the population were below the poverty line, including 97% of those under age 18 and 9% of those age 65 or over. In 2008–2012, the per capita income was $23,817 and the median household income was $40,284. Persons below the poverty line in 2008–2012 were 17.5% according to the US Census.


As of 2000, those who spoke only English at home accounted for 91% of all residents, while 9% spoke other languages at home. The most significant were Spanish language, Spanish speakers who made up 6.4% of the population, while German language, German came up as the third-most spoken language, which made up 0.8%, and French language, French was fourth, with 0.5% of the population.


In 1913, the Wolfson family arrived from Lithuania and became the first Jewish settlers to the area. After some struggles, the Jewish community in Lakeland flourished and the first synagogue, Temple Emanuel opened in 1932. The Rohr Jewish Learning Institute presents classes and seminars in Lakewood in partnership with Chabad of Lakeland. Lakeland is home to one of the first Hinduism, Hindu Mandir, temples in the United States, the Swaminarayan Hindu Temple. In 1994, the first and only mosque in the county was established. It was called Masjid Aisha, but is now called the Islamic Center of Lakeland. Christianity makes up the largest religious group in Lakeland. As of 2013, an estimated 300 churches existed with an address in the city.


Lakeland is the largest city on Interstate 4 between Orlando and Tampa. Large industries in the Lakeland area are citrus, cattle, and phosphate mining. In the past few decades, tourism, medicine, insurance, transportation, and music have grown in importance. Citrus growing dates back to the early settlers who planted trees in the area in the 1850s. After a series of freezes in counties north of Polk County, the area became the focal point for citrus growing in Florida. Although citrus is no longer the largest industry in the area, it still plays a large part in the economy of Lakeland and Polk County. Phosphate mining is still important to the economy of Lakeland, although most of the mining now takes place farther south. The Bone Valley produced 25% of the U.S. phosphate supply. Lakeland's largest employer is Publix Supermarkets. Publix is one of the largest regional grocery chains in the United States with over 1,000 stores across the American South. Publix employs over 6,500 people in the Lakeland area including headquarter and warehouse employees. Lakeland is a transportation hub. FedEx, FedEx Freight and FedEx Services and the Saddle Creek Corporation employ over 600 people in the area. Other large employers in the area include Amazon.com, Amazon, GEICO, Rooms To Go, and Lakeland Regional Health.


Historic districts

* Beacon Hill-Alta Vista Residential District * Biltmore-Cumberland Historic District * Dixieland Historic District * East Lake Morton Residential District * Lake Hunter Terrace Historic District * Munn Park Historic District * South Lake Morton Historic District

Buildings and locations

* Central Avenue School (Lakeland, Florida), Central Avenue School * Cleveland Court School * John F. Cox Grammar School * Florida Southern College * Henley Field Ball Park * Joker Marchant Stadium * Frances Langford Promenade * Lakeland Center * Lakeland Square Mall * Lakeside Village (Lakeland), Lakeside Village * Old Lakeland High School * State Road 570 (Florida), James Henry Mills Medal of Honor Parkway * Oates Building * Polk State College * Polk Museum of Art * Polk Theatre and Office Building, Polk Theatre * Southeastern University (Florida) * USA International Speedway * Florida Polytechnic University * Winston School (Lakeland, Florida), Winston School * Without Walls Central Church – a local/regional megachurch * Silvermoon Drive-in


Polk County is within the Tampa Bay television market. Charter Spectrum is the cable television franchise serving Lakeland, which offers most television stations from the Tampa Bay market, as well as WFTV, the American Broadcasting Company, ABC affiliate from Orlando. WMOR-TV, an Independent station (North America), independent television station, is licensed to Lakeland, with its studios in Tampa and its transmitter in Riverview, Florida, Riverview. Lakeland and Polk County are within its own radio market. Local radio stations include: * WLKF 1430 AM * WONN 1230 AM * WWAB 1330 AM * WPCV 97.5 FM * WWRZ 98.3 FM WLLD 94.1 FM is licensed to Lakeland, but has wider focus on the Tampa Bay area, with studios in St. Petersburg, Florida, St. Petersburg. WKES 91.1 FM is also licensed to Lakeland as part of the statewide Moody Radio Florida network, with studios in Seminole, Florida, Seminole, near St. Petersburg. Most major stations from Tampa Bay and a few from Orlando are also available. Print media include ''The Ledger'', a local newspaper owned by GateHouse Media, Gatehouse Media. Patterson Jacobs Media Group publishes a magazine, ''The Lakelander''. ''Lkldnow'' is an on-line news service covering Lakeland.

Popular culture

In 1990, Lakeland made its Hollywood debut when the Southgate Shopping Center was featured in the movie ''Edward Scissorhands''. It was also used in the filming of the Judd Nelson movie ''Endure''. Classrooms from Florida Southern College were used in the Adam Sandler comedy, ''The Waterboy''.



Because Lakeland is the largest city on Interstate 4 between Tampa and Orlando, the city is an important transportation hub. The county nickname, Imperial Polk County, was coined because a large bond issue in 1914 enabled wide roads between the cities of Polk County. The important freeways and highways in Lakeland today are: * Interstate 4 is the main interstate in central Florida linking Tampa, Lakeland, Orlando, and Daytona Beach. * Polk Parkway, or SR 570, is a tolled beltway around Lakeland, with both ends terminating at Interstate 4. Although its shape, location, and tolls makes it impractical as a "bypass" road, it is useful as a way of getting from part of town to another and providing access to I-4 from most parts of the city. * U.S. Route 92, US 92, following Memorial Boulevard for most of the city, was the route leading to both Tampa and Orlando before I-4 was built; US 92 is still a main road leading to Plant City going west, and Auburndale, Winter Haven, and Haines City going east. * U.S. Route 98 in Florida, US 98, going south, follows Bartow Road and leads to Bartow, the county seat. Heading north out of town, it provides a route to Dade City, Florida, Dade City. * Florida State Road 33, State Road 33, following mostly rural land, provides access to Lake County, Florida, Lake County and the Florida Turnpike. * Florida State Road 37, State Road 37, following Florida Avenue, the main north–south route in Lakeland, is also the main road leading south to Mulberry, Florida, Mulberry. * Florida State Road 540, State Road 540, Winter-Lake Road, is in southern Lakeland, leading to Winter Haven and Legoland Florida.

Bicycle routes

In recent years, the Lakeland area has developed a number of paved, multi-use bicycle routes including the Lake-To-Lakes Trail, which runs from Lake Parker (Florida), Lake Parker through downtown, past several lakes, ending at Lake John. Other routes include University Trail (Lakeland, Florida), University Trail, which connects Polk State College to Florida Polytechnic University, and the Fort Fraser Trail, which runs along US Highway 98 from Polk State College to Highway 60 in Bartow, Florida, Bartow.

Public transportation

* Lakeland station, Lakeland Amtrak Station * Lakeland Linder International Airport In 2017, Linder received its first international flight and was renamed Lakeland Linder International Airport in 2018. * Lakeland Greyhound Terminal * Citrus Connection local bus service.


Water and wastewater in the Lakeland area is managed by Lakeland Water Utilities, municipal water supply is treated at local water plants, T.B. Williams and C. Wayne Combee. The water is mainly supplied by wells that draw from the Floridan aquifer. Power is generated by a nonprofit public power utility, Lakeland Electric. Lakeland Electric is a municipal utility and government department of the city of Lakeland, Florida. Lakeland was the third city in the state of Florida to have electric lighting powered in 1891 by The Lakeland Light and Power Company after Jacksonville and Tampa. Over a decade later in 1904, citizens purchased the private light power plant for $7,500 establishing the locally owned, municipal utility known today as Lakeland Electric.

Power plants

Lakeland Electric powers the city of Lakeland by two power plants, C.D. McIntosh Power Plant, coal-natural gas combined cycle plant slated to phase out in 2024, and Larsen Memorial. The last coal unit at C.D. McIntosh Power Plant is slated to phase out in 2024 a plan presented by the Lakeland Electric staff in 2019.


The 28 elementary schools, seven middle schools, six traditional high schools, and three magnet-choice high schools in the Lakeland area are run by the Polk County School Board.

Traditional public high schools

* Mulberry Senior High School * George W. Jenkins High School * Kathleen High School (Lakeland, Florida), Kathleen High School * Lake Gibson High School * Lakeland Senior High School (Lakeland, Florida), Lakeland Senior High School * Tenoroc High School

Magnet high schools

* Central Florida Aerospace Academy * Lois Cowles Harrison Center for the Visual and Performing Arts * Collegiate High School (Lakeland, Florida), Polk State College Lakeland Collegiate High School

Traditional public middle schools

* Kathleen Middle School * Lake Gibson Middle School * Crystal Lake Middle school * Sleepy Hill Middle School * Lakeland Highlands Middle School * Southwest Middle School

Magnet middle schools

*Lawton Chiles Middle School *Rochelle School of the Arts (elementary and middle)

Charter schools

*McKeel Academy of Technology * Lakeland Montessori Schoolhouse * Lakeland Montessori Middle School * Lakeland Collegiate High school * Magnolia Montessori Academy

Private schools

*Calvary Baptist Church Academy *Geneva Classical Academy *Heritage Christian Academy *Collegiate High School (Lakeland, Florida), Lakeland Christian School *Parkway Christian Academy *Resurrection Catholic School *Santa Fe Catholic High School *Sonrise Christian School *St Anthony *St Joseph *St Lukes *St Paul Lutheran School *Victory Christian Academy *Excel Christian Academy

Colleges and universities

*Everest University *Florida Polytechnic University *Florida Southern College *Florida Technical College *Keiser University *Webster University *Polk State College *Southeastern University (Florida), Southeastern University *Whitefield Theological Seminary A number of opportunities exist for higher education around the Lakeland area. Southeastern University (Florida), Southeastern University is the largest university in the area, with undergraduate enrollment around 6200. Southeastern is affiliated with the Assemblies of God. Florida Southern College, established in 1883 and with a current undergraduate enrollment of just over 2600, is on Lake Hollingsworth. Florida Southern is the home of the world's largest single-site collection of Frank Lloyd Wright architecture. In July 2008, the University of South Florida's Lakeland campus was granted partial autonomy by Governor Charlie Crist and became Florida Polytechnic University. Florida Polytechnic (FLPoly) is just inside the Lakeland's northeast border at the intersection of I-4 and Polk Parkway. They also have some administrative offices on the campus of Polk State College on Winter Lake Road. FLPoly is focused on STEM degree programs, such as engineering and computer science. Both Everest University and Keiser University, two multisite, accredited universities, have locations in Lakeland. Traviss Career Center is a vocational school. Webster University offers on-site, regionally accredited graduate degree programs in business and counseling at their Lakeland Metropolitan Campus



Joker Marchant Stadium, north of downtown, hosts spring training for the Detroit Tigers, as well as their Lakeland Flying Tigers class-A Florida State League and Gulf Coast League Tigers, GCL Tigers rookie-league Gulf Coast League minor league baseball teams. RP Funding Center is also home to two indoor sports teams. The Lakeland Magic is a basketball team playing in the NBA G League and is an affiliate of the Orlando Magic. The Florida Tropics SC is an indoor soccer team playing in the Major Arena Soccer League. The Tropics organization also operates an outdoor team, the Lakeland Tropics, which competes in the Premier Development League. The Florida Tarpons were an Indoor American football, indoor football team playing in the American Arena League for one season after relocating from Estero, Florida.

History of sports teams in Lakeland

In the 1980s, the Lakeland Center briefly played host to the indoor version of the Tampa Bay Rowdies (1975–93), Tampa Bay Rowdies indoor soccer, soccer team. The Lakeland Center has also hosted a few hockey teams, the Lakeland Ice Warriors, the Lakeland Prowlers, and the Lakeland Loggerheads. The United States Basketball League once had a team here as well called the Lakeland Blue Ducks. Sun 'n Fun was home to Lakeland's only roller derby league, the Lakeland Derby Dames; however, the team was dissolved in November 2015. The Lakeland Center also hosts the Florida High School Athletic Association's state basketball finals.

Notable people


* Nat Adderley, jazz cornetist and composer * Lindsey Alley, The Mickey Mouse Club, Mouseketeer and actress * Bobby Braddock, record producer in List of Country Music Hall of Fame inductees, Country Music Hall of Fame * Howard J. Buss, composer * Charleene Closshey, film/Broadway actress, musician, and producer * Copeland (band), Copeland, pop/alternative rock band * Jonny Diaz, Christian musician * Samantha Dorman, ''Playboy'' Playboy Playmate, Playmate * Rhea Durham, Victoria's Secret model * Faith Evans, singer * Stephen Baron Johnson, painter * Frances Langford, singer, actress, and radio star (1930s and 1940s) * Neva Jane Langley, Miss America 1953 * Mike Marshall (musician), Mike Marshall, bluegrass musician and mandolinist * Kara Monaco, ''Playboy'' Playmate * Robert Phillips (Guitarist), Robert Phillips, guitarist * Lauren Miller Rogen, actress * Forrest Sawyer, NBC reporter and anchor * SoulJa (rapper), SoulJa, rapper * Steve1989MREInfo, YouTube personality * J. D. Sumner, singer and songwriter * Dan White (actor), Dan White (1908–1980), American actor in film and television * Monte Yoho, drummer for Outlaws (band), Outlaws


* Dwayne Bacon, NBA Player * Andy Bean, PGA Tour golfer * Ahmad Black, NFL player, Tampa Bay Buccaneers * Keon Broxton- Milwaukee Brewers Center Fielder * Desmond Clark, National Football League, NFL player, Chicago Bears * Lance Davis, Major League Baseball, MLB player, Cincinnati Reds * Matt Diaz, MLB player, Atlanta Braves * Paul Edinger, NFL player, Minnesota Vikings and Chicago Bears * Justin Forsett, running back, University of California, Berkeley, UC Berkeley * Carson Fulmer, former Vanderbilt baseball player, drafted 8th overall by Chicago White Sox * Kenneth Gant, NFL safety * Ronnie Ghent, football player * Matt Grothe, quarterback, South Florida Bulls football, South Florida Bulls * Nick Hamilton, pro wrestling referee * Alice Haylett, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, AAGPBL All-Star pitcher * Lee Janzen, PGA Tour golfer, U.S. Open (golf), U.S. Open winner * Ray Lewis (American football), Ray Lewis, NFL player, Baltimore Ravens, Super Bowl champion and MVP, 2-time NFL Defensive Player of the Year * Freddie Mitchell, NFL player, Philadelphia Eagles and Kansas City Chiefs * Joe Nemechek, NASCAR Sprint Cup driver * Joe Niekro, MLB player * Lance Niekro, MLB player, San Francisco Giants * Steve Pearce (baseball), Steve Pearce, MLB player, Boston Red Sox * Maurkice Pouncey, NFL player, Pittsburgh Steelers * Mike Pouncey, NFL player, Miami Dolphins * Boog Powell, MLB player, Baltimore Orioles * Chris Rainey, NFL player, Pittsburgh Steelers * Andrew Reynolds (skateboarder), Andrew Reynolds, professional skateboarder * Chris Sale, MLB player, Boston Red Sox * Brenda Sell, Taekwondo Grandmaster * Rod Smart, NFL & XFL (2001), XFL player * Donnell Smith, NFL player, Green Bay Packers and New England Patriots * Ron Smith (wide receiver), Ron Smith, NFL player, Los Angeles Rams * Bill Spivey, basketball player * Jameson Taillon, MLB pitcher, Pittsburgh Pirates * Adarius Taylor, NFL linebacker * Justin Verlander, MLB pitcher, Houston Astros * Keydrick Vincent, NFL player, Baltimore Ravens * Chris Waters (baseball), Chris Waters, MLB player, Milwaukee Brewers


* Charles T. Canady, Chief Justice, Florida Supreme Court * Lawton Chiles, Senator and Governor of Florida * Carol Jenkins Barnett, philanthropist and businesswoman, the daughter of George W. Jenkins * George W. Jenkins, founder of Publix Super Markets * R. Albert Mohler, Jr., president of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary * Marvin Pipkin, scientist engineer that had many inventions and innovations for the light bulb. * Gene Ready, Florida businessman and state legislator * Charles Z. Smith, Associate Justice, Washington State Supreme Court * Park Trammell, Mayor of Lakeland, Florida Attorney General, Governor of Florida and U.S. Senator

Sister cities

Lakeland Sister Cities International (LSCI), a chapter of Sister Cities International, was formed in 1990 with Lakeland's first sister city Richmond Hill, Canada. * Bălți, Moldova (since 1997) * Chongming County, Shanghai, China (since 2007) * Imabari, Ehime, Imabari, Ehime, Japan (since 1995) * Portmore, Jamaica (since 2009) * Richmond Hill, Ontario, Canada (since 1990)

See also

* List of people from Lakeland, Florida * Loyce Harpe Park



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External links

Official website

Lakeland Chamber of Commerce
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Items related to Lakeland, Florida
various dates (via Digital Public Library of America) {{authority control Lakeland, Florida, 1884 establishments in Florida Cities in Florida Cities in Polk County, Florida Populated places established in 1884