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''Goodbye'' (also called ''Goodbye Cream'') is the fourth and final studio album by Cream, with three tracks recorded live, and three recorded in the studio. It was released in Europe by Polydor Records and by Atco Records in the United States, debuting in ''Billboard'' on 15 February 1969. It reached number one in the United Kingdom and number two in the US. A single, "Badge", was subsequently released from the album a month later. The album was released after Cream disbanded in November 1968.


Background and recording


Just before Cream's third album, ''Wheels of Fire'', was to be released, the group's manager Robert Stigwood announced that the group were going to disband after a farewell tour and a final concert at the Royal Albert Hall in November. Just before the start of their farewell tour in October 1968, Cream recorded three songs at IBC Studios in London with producer Felix Pappalardi and engineer Damon Lyon-Shaw. The songs "Badge" and "Doing That Scrapyard Thing" featured Eric Clapton using a Leslie speaker, while all three recordings featured keyboard instruments played by either Jack Bruce or Felix Pappalardi. The group started their farewell tour on 4 October 1968 in Oakland, California and 15 days later on 19 October the group performed at The Forum in Los Angeles where the three live recordings on ''Goodbye'' were recorded with Felix Pappalardi and engineers Adrian Barber and Bill Halverson.


Compiling, artwork and packaging


The original plan for ''Goodbye'' was to make it a double album, with one disc featuring studio recordings and the other with live performances like ''Wheels of Fire''. With a lack of quality material on hand, however, the album was only one disc with three live recordings and three studio recordings. The original LP release of the album was packaged in a gatefold sleeve with art direction handled by Haig Adishian. The outer sleeve featured photography by Roger Phillips with a cover design by the Alan Aldridge ink Studios, while the inner sleeve featured an illustration of a cemetery by Roger Hane that had the song titles on tombstones. A Compact Disc reissue of the album for the Cream Remasters series in 1998 featured an inlay photograph and had the inner-sleeve illustration in the liner notes of the album.


Critical reception


In a contemporary review for ''Rolling Stone'', music critic Ray Rezos felt Cream deserved to depart with a better album. He wrote that most of the live songs sound inferior to the original recordings and that the studio tracks are marred by the same flaw as on ''Wheels of Fire'', namely the presence of blues playing on songs whose compositions were not blues in his opinion. Nonetheless, ''Goodbye'' was voted the 148th best rock album of all time in Paul Gambaccini's 1978 poll of 50 prominent American and English rock critics. In a retrospective review for AllMusic, senior editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine called ''Goodbye'' a work of "hard, heavy rock" and "strong moments" rather than cohesiveness, with live music that is generally better than on ''Wheels of Fire'' and a side of studio recordings that also found Cream "at something of a peak". Robert Christgau also reacted favourably to the album, citing it as his favorite record from the group. J. D. Considine was less impressed in ''The Rolling Stone Album Guide'' (1992), deeming ''Goodbye'' an incomplete record with "exquisite studio work" but mediocre live performances.


Track listing


* Sides one and two were combined as tracks 1–6 on CD reissues. Notes: * –3recorded live at The Forum, Los Angeles, 19 October 1968. * Original pressings of the album (as well as the single) list composer credit on "Badge" to Clapton alone. * "Anyone for Tennis" was originally released as a non-album single, as well as by Atco on the soundtrack album to the film ''The Savage Seven'' (catalogue no. SD 33-245, 1968). The song was subsequently sometimes included on pressings of ''Wheels of Fire'' (1968) and later pressings of ''Goodbye'' by Polydor.


Personnel


Cream * Eric Claptonguitars , lead vocals backing vocals * Jack Brucebass guitar , lead vocals , piano , organ * Ginger Bakerdrums , backing vocals , percussion Additional musicians * L'Angelo Misterioso (George Harrison)rhythm guitar *Felix Pappalardipiano , mellotron , bass Recording * EngineersBill Halverson, Adrian Barber, Damon Lyon-Shaw


Charts




Certifications




References


{{Authority control Category:1969 albums Category:Cream (band) albums Category:Polydor Records albums Category:Atco Records albums Category:1969 live albums Category:Polydor Records live albums Category:Atco Records live albums Category:Albums produced by Felix Pappalardi Category:Albums recorded at the Forum Category:Albums recorded at IBC Studios Category:Albums with cover art by Alan Aldridge