''Goodbye'' (also called ''Goodbye Cream'')
is the fourth and final studio album by Cream
, with three tracks recorded live, and three recorded in the studio. It was released in Europe by Polydor Records
and by Atco Records
in the United States, debuting in ''Billboard'' on 15 February 1969.
It reached number one in the United Kingdom and number two in the US. A single, "Badge
", was subsequently released from the album a month later. The album was released after Cream disbanded in November 1968.
Background and recording
Just before Cream's third album, ''Wheels of Fire
'', was to be released, the group's manager Robert Stigwood
announced that the group were going to disband after a farewell tour and a final concert at the Royal Albert Hall
Just before the start of their farewell tour in October 1968, Cream recorded three songs at IBC Studios
in London with producer Felix Pappalardi
The songs "Badge" and "Doing That Scrapyard Thing
" featured Eric Clapton
using a Leslie speaker
while all three recordings featured keyboard instruments played by either Jack Bruce
or Felix Pappalardi.
The group started their farewell tour on 4 October 1968 in Oakland, California
and 15 days later on 19 October the group performed at The Forum
in Los Angeles where the three live recordings on ''Goodbye'' were recorded with Felix Pappalardi and engineers Adrian Barber
and Bill Halverson.
Compiling, artwork and packaging
The original plan for ''Goodbye'' was to make it a double album, with one disc featuring studio recordings and the other with live performances like ''Wheels of Fire''. With a lack of quality material on hand, however, the album was only one disc with three live recordings and three studio recordings.
The original LP
release of the album was packaged in a gatefold sleeve
with art direction
handled by Haig Adishian. The outer sleeve featured photography by Roger Phillips with a cover design by the Alan Aldridge ink Studios
, while the inner sleeve featured an illustration
of a cemetery by Roger Hane
that had the song titles on tombstones. A Compact Disc reissue of the album for the Cream Remasters series in 1998 featured an inlay photograph and had the inner-sleeve illustration in the liner notes
of the album.
In a contemporary review for ''Rolling Stone
'', music critic Ray Rezos felt Cream deserved to depart with a better album. He wrote that most of the live songs sound inferior to the original recordings and that the studio tracks are marred by the same flaw as on ''Wheels of Fire'', namely the presence of blues playing on songs whose compositions were not blues in his opinion.
Nonetheless, ''Goodbye'' was voted the 148th best rock album of all time in Paul Gambaccini
's 1978 poll of 50 prominent American and English rock critics.
In a retrospective review for AllMusic
, senior editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine
called ''Goodbye'' a work of "hard, heavy rock" and "strong moments" rather than cohesiveness, with live music that is generally better than on ''Wheels of Fire'' and a side of studio recordings that also found Cream "at something of a peak".
also reacted favourably to the album, citing it as his favorite record from the group.
J. D. Considine
was less impressed in ''The Rolling Stone Album Guide
'' (1992), deeming ''Goodbye'' an incomplete record with "exquisite studio work" but mediocre live performances.
* Sides one and two were combined as tracks 1–6 on CD reissues.
recorded live at The Forum
, Los Angeles, 19 October 1968.
* Original pressings of the album (as well as the single) list composer credit on "Badge" to Clapton alone.
* "Anyone for Tennis" was originally released as a non-album single, as well as by Atco on the soundtrack album to the film ''The Savage Seven
'' (catalogue no. SD 33-245, 1968). The song was subsequently sometimes included on pressings of ''Wheels of Fire'' (1968) and later pressings of ''Goodbye'' by Polydor.
* Eric Clapton
guitars , lead vocals backing vocals
* Jack Bruce
bass guitar , lead vocals , piano , organ
* Ginger Baker
drums , backing vocals , percussion
* L'Angelo Misterioso (George Harrison
piano , mellotron
Bill Halverson, Adrian Barber
, Damon Lyon-Shaw
Category:Cream (band) albums
Category:Polydor Records albums
Category:Atco Records albums
Category:1969 live albums
Category:Polydor Records live albums
Category:Atco Records live albums
Category:Albums produced by Felix Pappalardi
Category:Albums recorded at the Forum
Category:Albums recorded at IBC Studios
Category:Albums with cover art by Alan Aldridge