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Francis Eugene Walter (May 26, 1894 – May 31, 1963) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania ( ) ( pdc, Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern United States, Northeastern, and Appalachia, Appalachian regions of the ...
. Walter was a prominent member of the
House Un-American Activities Committee The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HCUA), popularly dubbed the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), and from 1969 onwards known as the House Committee on Internal Security, was an investigative United States Congressional co ...
from 1951 to 1963, serving as chair of that committee for the last nine of those years. He was a Democrat who wanted to minimize immigration and was largely responsible for the McCarran–Walter Act of 1952, which kept the old quotas but also opened up many new opportunities for legal immigration to the US.


Background

Francis E. Walter was born in
Easton, Pennsylvania Easton is a city in and the county seat of Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States. The city's population was 26,800 as of the 2010 census. Easton is located at the confluence of the Delaware River and the Lehigh River, roughly north of ...
. He attended Lehigh University,
George Washington University
George Washington University
and Georgetown University.


Career

During both World Wars I and II he served in the air service of the
United States Navy ), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en, "Not for self but for country") (unofficial). , colors = Blue and gold  , colors_label = Colors , march = "Anchors Aweigh" ...
. He was the director of the Broad Street Trust Company in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Philadelphia, colloquially Philly, is a city in the state of Pennsylvania in the United States. It is the List of United States cities by population, sixth-most populous city in the United States and the List of municipalities in Pennsylvania# ...
, and of the Easton National Bank in Easton. From 1928-33 he was the Solicitor of Northampton County, Pennsylvania. He was a delegate to the 1928 Democratic National Convention. He was elected as a Democrat to the 73rd United States Congress and served until his death in Washington, D.C. In 1947-8, he served on the Herter Committee. Walter is best known for the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, McCarran-Walter Act, passed over President Truman's veto in 1952, which, while it opened naturalization to Asian immigrants for the first time, continued the immigration quota system based on national origin introduced in 1924, and allowed the U.S. government to deport and/or bar from re-entry those identified as subversives, particularly members and former members of the Communist Party USA, Communist Party. In 1944, he presented President Roosevelt with a letter opener American mutilation of Japanese war dead, made of an arm bone of a fallen Japanese soldier. Walter's views were regarded by some as "reactionary and racist". A staunch anti-communism, anti-Communist, he served as chairman of the
House Un-American Activities Committee The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HCUA), popularly dubbed the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), and from 1969 onwards known as the House Committee on Internal Security, was an investigative United States Congressional co ...
during the 84th United States Congress, 84th through 88th United States Congress, 88th Congresses. Walter also served as a director of the Pioneer Fund, a foundation best known for its advocacy of Intelligence quotient, IQ variation among races. Walter appeared in a central role in the 1960s-era U.S. government anti-Communist propaganda film ''Operation Abolition''. Historical footage of Walter also appears in the 1990 documentary film ''Berkeley in the Sixties''.


Death

He died in 1963, aged 69, from leukemia and was interred at Arlington National Cemetery.Rep. Francis Walter of Pennsylvania Dies; Somerset Daily American; Somerset, Pennsylvania; Page 1; June 1, 1963


See also

* List of United States Congress members who died in office (1950–99) * List of members of the House Un-American Activities Committee


Footnotes


Further reading

*Dimmitt, Marius Albert, Sr. ''The Enactment of the McCarran-Walter Act of 1952''. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, 1970


External links

Retrieved on 2009-02-21
The Political Graveyard

Letters to Francis E. Walter
Available online through Lehigh University'

{{DEFAULTSORT:Walter, Francis E. 1894 births 1963 deaths United States Navy personnel of World War I United States Navy personnel of World War II Members of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania Politicians from Easton, Pennsylvania Military personnel from Pennsylvania Businesspeople from Pennsylvania American bankers Burials at Arlington National Cemetery George Washington University alumni Lehigh University alumni Georgetown University alumni American Lutherans Pennsylvania Democrats Democratic Party members of the United States House of Representatives 20th-century American politicians Deaths from leukemia Deaths from cancer in the United States American anti-communists