Dynamic Debugging Technique (DDT) is a series of debugger programs originally developed for Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) hardware, initially known as DEC Debugging Tape because it was distributed on paper tape. The name is a pun on the insecticide DDT. The first version of DDT was developed at MIT for the PDP-1 computer in 1961, but newer versions on newer platforms continued to use the same name. After being ported to other vendor's platforms and changing media, the name was changed to the less DEC-centric version. Early versions of Digital Research's CP/M and CP/M-86 kept the DEC name DDT (and DDT-86 and DDT-68K) for their debugger, however, now meaning "Dynamic Debugging Tool". The CP/M DDT was later superseded by the ''Symbolic Instruction Debugger'' (SID, ZSID, SID86, and GEMSID) in DR DOS and GEM. In addition to its normal function as a debugger, DDT was also used as a top-level command shell for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Incompatible Timesharing System (ITS) operating system; on some more recent ITS systems, it is replaced with a "PWORD" which implements a restricted subset of DDT's functionality. DDT could run and debug up to eight processes (called "jobs" on ITS) at a time, such as several sessions of TECO, and DDT could be run recursively - that is, some or all of those jobs could themselves be DDTs (which could then run another eight jobs, and so on). These eight jobs were all given unique names, and the usual name for the original and top-most DDT was "HACTRN" ("hack-tran"). Guy L. Steele wrote a filk poem parody of Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven," entitled ''The HACTRN''.


DDT (Dynamic Debugging Technique), as implemented on the DECsystem-10 & DECSYSTEM-20 allowed references to symbols within the programming being debugged. This feature loaded symbols from the .EXE executable file; a special version named SDDT used symbols from the running monitor and allowed system programmers to "peek" inside.Intro, 1975 edition

See also

* On-line Debugging Tool (ODT) * Tracing Debugging Technique (TDT) * DEBUG (DOS command) * Comparison of computer shells


External links

DDT Command List
for a freeware version written in portable C
ITS 1.5 Reference Manual
-(Artificial Intelligence Memo No. 161A)
ITS: Luser's Guide

The Great Quux Poem Collection
-(See especially the notes to the poem ''The HACTRN'') {{Digital Research Category:Debuggers Category:Digital Equipment Corporation Category:CP/M Category:Command shells