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Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino IIIQuezon, Manuel L.. (June 19, 2010
Trivia on Aquino and Binay
ABS-CBN News. Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
(, born February 8, 1960), also known as "PNoy" or "Noynoy", is a Filipino politician who served as the 15th
president of the Philippines The president of the Philippines ( fil, Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as ''Presidente ng Pilipinas'') is the head of state and the head of government of the Philippines. The president leads the executive branch of the Philippine ...
from 2010 until 2016. Aquino is a fourth-generation politician and was the
chairman The chairperson (also chair, chairman, or chairwoman) is the presiding officer of an organized group such as a board, committee, or deliberative assembly. The person holding the office, who is typically elected or appointed by members of the grou ...
of the Liberal Party from 2010 to 2016. On September 9, 2009, shortly after the death of his mother, Aquino officially announced that he would be a candidate in the 2010 presidential election. He was elected and on June 30, 2010 was as the fifteenth President of the Philippines at the
Quirino Grandstand The Quirino Grandstand, formerly known as the Independence Grandstand, is a grandstand located at Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines. History Contrary to popular belief, the first Independence Grandstand was not originally located on the present si ...
in
Rizal Park Rizal Park ( fil, Liwasang Rizal, es, link=no, Parque Rizal), also known as Luneta Park or simply Luneta, is a historic urban park located in Ermita, Manila, Philippines. It is considered as one of the largest urban parks in Asia, covering an area ...
, Manila,Noynoy Aquino to take oath at the Luneta grandstand , GMA News Online
Gmanetwork.com (June 15, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
succeeding
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
. He ended his term on June 30, 2016, succeeded by
Rodrigo Duterte Rodrigo Roa Duterte ( ; born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong and Rody, is a Filipino politician who is the current president of the Philippines and the first from Mindanao to hold the office. He is the chairperson of PDP–Laban, th ...
. In 2013, ''
Time Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in an apparently irreversible succession from the past, through the present, into the future. It is a component quantity of various measurements used to sequence event ...
'' named him one of the
100 Most Influential People in the World ''Time'' 100 (often stylized as ''TIME'' 100) is an annual listicle of the 100 most influential people in the world, assembled by the American news magazine ''Time''. First published in 1999 as the result of a debate among American academics, poli ...
.


Early life and education

Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Aquino III was born at 10:50 AM on February 8, 1960 at Far Eastern University Hospital in
Sampaloc, Manila Sampaloc is a district of Manila, Philippines. It is referred to as the University Belt or simply called ''“U-Belt”'' for numerous colleges and universities are found within the district such as the University of Santo Tomas, the oldest extant u ...
. He is the third of the five children of Benigno S. Aquino, Jr., who was then the Vice Governor of
Tarlac Tarlac ( pam, Lalauígan ning Tarlac; pag, Luyag na Tarlac; ilo, Probinsia ti Tarlac; tgl, Lalawigan ng Tarlac ) is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the city of Tarlac. It is bounded on th ...
province, and Corazon Cojuangco, daughter of a prominent Tarlac businessman. He has four sisters, namely: Maria Elena (Ballsy), Aurora Corazon (Pinky), Victoria Elisa (Viel), and Kristina Bernadette (Kris). He attended the
Ateneo de Manila University The Ateneo de Manila University (Filipino: ''Pamantasang Ateneo de Manila;'' Spanish:'' Universidad Ateneo de Manila''), also known simply as the Ateneo de Manila or the Ateneo, is a private Jesuit research university in Quezon City, Philippines. ...
in
Quezon City Quezon City (, ; tl, Lungsod Quezon ; also known as the City of Quezon, QC, and Kyusi) is a and the most populous city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, to replace Ma ...
for his elementary, high school, and college education.The son also rises: Who is Noynoy Aquino? , GMA News Online
Gmanetwork.com (September 9, 2009). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
Aquino finished his
Bachelor of Arts Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB; from the Latin ' or ') is the holder of a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate program in the arts and sciences. A Bachelor of Arts degree course is generally completed in three or four years, depending on th ...
(major in
economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Economics focuses on the behaviour and interactions of economic agents and ...
) degree from the Ateneo de Manila University in 1981, He was one of the students of former professor of economics at the Ateneo de Manila University, former President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
. He joined his family in their exile in the United States shortly thereafter. He returned to the Philippines in 1983 shortly after the assassination of his father and held several positions working in the private sector. In September 1972, Aquino's father, who was then a senator and prominent opposition leader to President
Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (, September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician, lawyer and kleptocrat who served as the 10th President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. Espousing an ideology of "constitutio ...
, was arrested for subversion. In August 1973, Aquino's father was brought before a military tribunal in
Fort Bonifacio Fort Andres Bonifacio (formerly named Fort McKinley) is the site of the national headquarters of the Philippine Army (Headquarters Philippine Army or HPA) located in Metro Manila, Philippines. It is located near the national headquarters of the Phi ...
.NINOY'S LETTER TO NOYNOY – The Manila Times via PresReader
Retrieved March 9, 2016
In 1980, after a series of heart attacks, Aquino's father was allowed to seek medical treatment in the United States, where Aquino's family began a period of self-exile. In 1981, shortly after graduation, Aquino joined his family in the United States. In 1983, after three years in exile in the United States, Aquino's family returned to the
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republika sang ...

Philippines
, shortly after the assassination of his father on August 21, 1983. He had a short tenure as a member of the Philippine Business for Social Progress, working as an assistant of the executive director of PBSP. He later joined Mondragon Industries Philippines, Inc. as an assistant Retail Sales Supervisor and assistant promotions manager for
Nike Nike often refers to: * Nike (mythology), a Greek goddess who personifies victory * Nike, Inc., a major American marketer of athletic shoes, apparel, and sports equipment Nike may also refer to: People * Nike (name), a surname and feminine given n ...
Philippines, Inc. From 1986 to 1992, during the presidency of his mother, Aquino joined the Intra-Strata Assurance Corporation, a company owned by his uncle Antolin Oreta Jr., as vice president. On August 28, 1987, eighteen months into the presidency of Aquino's mother, rebel soldiers led by
Gregorio Honasan Gregorio Ballesteros Honasan II (, born March 14, 1948), better known as Gringo Honasan, is a retired Philippine Army officer who led unsuccessful coups d'état against President Corazon Aquino. He played a key role in the 1986 EDSA Revolution tha ...
staged an unsuccessful coup attempt, attempting to lay siege to
Malacañang Palace Malacañang Palace (officially "Malacañan Palace"; fil, Palasyo ng Malakanyang; es, Palacio de Malacañán) is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines. It is located in old Manila district of San Miguel ...
. Aquino was two blocks from the palace when he came under fire. Three of Aquino's four security escorts were killed, and the last was wounded protecting him. He himself was hit by five bullets, one of which is still embedded in his neck. From 1993 to 1998, he worked for Central Azucarera de Tarlac, the sugar refinery in the Cojuangco-owned
Hacienda Luisita Hacienda Luisita is a 6,453-hectare sugar plantation located in the province of Tarlac, Philippines. The hacienda spans 11 barangays in three towns of Tarlac province. Most of the original farmworkers reside in 10 villages – Barangays Balete, Cu ...
. He was employed as the executive assistant for administration from 1993 to 1996 and subsequently worked as manager for field services from 1996 to 1998. In 1998, he was elected to the
House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national entitles. In many countries, the House of Representatives is the lower house of a bicameral legislature, with the corresponding upper house often calle ...
as Representative of the
2nd district#REDIRECT ND {{Redirect category shell, {{R from other capitalisation {{R from ambiguous term {{R unprintworthy ...
of
Tarlac Tarlac ( pam, Lalauígan ning Tarlac; pag, Luyag na Tarlac; ilo, Probinsia ti Tarlac; tgl, Lalawigan ng Tarlac ) is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the city of Tarlac. It is bounded on th ...
province. He was subsequently re-elected to the House in 2001 and 2004. In 2007, having been barred from running for re-election to the House due to
term limits A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office. When term limits are found in presidential and semi-presidential systems they act as a method of curbing the potential f ...
, he was elected to the Senate in the
14th Congress of the Philippines The Fourteenth Congress of the Philippines (Filipino: ''Ikalabing-apat na Kongreso ng Pilipinas'') was the national legislature of the Republic of the Philippines, composed of the Philippine Senate and House of Representatives. The convening of the ...

14th Congress of the Philippines
.


Congressional career

Aquino is a fourth-generation politician: his great-grandfather, Servillano "Mianong" Aquino, served as a delegate to the
Malolos Congress , officially the ( tl, Lungsod ng ), is a and capital of the province of , . According to the , it has a population of people. It is the capital city of the province of Bulacan as the seat of the provincial government. The city is north of ...
; his paternal grandfather, Benigno Aquino, Sr., served as
Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines The speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines ( fil, Ispiker ng Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas) is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives, as ...
from 1943 to 1944; his maternal grandfather,
Jose Cojuangco Jose is the English transliteration of the Hebrew and Aramaic name ''Yose'', which is etymologically linked to ''Yosef'' or Joseph. The name was popular during the Mishnaic and Talmudic periods. *Jose ben Abin *Jose ben Akabya *Jose the Galilean ...
, was also a member of the House of Representatives; and his parents were Corazon Aquino, who served as the 11th President of the Philippines (1986–92), and Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr., Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. Aquino is a member of the Liberal Party (Philippines), Liberal Party,'Noynoy' poised to run for president
ABS-CBN News. Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
where he held various positions such as Secretary General and Vice President for Luzon.


House of Representatives (1998–2007)

Aquino became House of Representatives of the Philippines, Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives on November 8, 2004, but relinquished the post on February 21, 2006, when Aquino joined his Liberal Party (Philippines), Liberal Party members in calling for the resignation of President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
at the height of the Hello Garci scandal. Aquino was also Chairman of the Board of the Central Luzon Congressional Caucus.


Senate (2007–10)

Barred from running for re-election to the House of Representatives of the Philippines, to represent the Tarlac's 2nd congressional district, 2nd district of Tarlac, due to
term limits A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office. When term limits are found in presidential and semi-presidential systems they act as a method of curbing the potential f ...
, Aquino was elected to the Senate of the Philippines in the 2007 Philippine general election, 2007 Philippine midterm election on May 15, 2007, under the banner of the Genuine Opposition (GO), a coalition comprising a number of parties, including Aquino's own Liberal Party (Philippines), Liberal Party, seeking to curb attempts by President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
to amend the Constitution of the Philippines, 1986 Philippine Constitution. In Aquino's political ads, he was endorsed by his younger sister, TV host Kris Aquino, and his mother, the late former President Corazon Aquino. Although a Roman Catholic, Aquino was endorsed by the pentecostal Jesus Is Lord Church, one of the largest Protestantism, Protestant churches in the Philippines. With more than votes, Aquino's tally was the sixth highest of the 37 candidates for the 12 vacant seats elected from the nation at large. Aquino assumed his new office on June 30, 2007. During the campaign, Aquino reached out to his former enemy, Senator
Gregorio Honasan Gregorio Ballesteros Honasan II (, born March 14, 1948), better known as Gringo Honasan, is a retired Philippine Army officer who led unsuccessful coups d'état against President Corazon Aquino. He played a key role in the 1986 EDSA Revolution tha ...
, supporting his application for bail. Aquino told Job Tabada of Cebu Daily News, on March 5, 2007; Aquino was referring to an unsuccessful coup attempt staged by rebel soldiers led by Gregorio Honasan on August 28, 1987, in which Aquino was seriously injured.


Senate bills

The Budget Impoundment and Control Act (SB 3121), wherein "impoundment" refers to the power of the president to refuse the release of funds appropriated by the Congress of the Philippines, is another bill Aquino is proud of;from an interview with freelance writer Lila Shahani for ''Philippines Graphic'', later posted on the writer's blog a
"A Conversation with Noynoy"
(March 2010)
he regretted, however, that such power has been used and abused by President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
, a result of which abuse has been the significant emasculation of Congress' ability to check the president's authority. Aquino filed this bill so the president would have to pass through Congress every time the president decides to impound part of the budget. Another significant Aquino contribution to the Philippines' corruption problem was Senate Bill 2035, which is the ''Preservation of Public Infrastructures'' bill, seeking to raise standards in the construction of all public infrastructures by penalizing contractors of defective infrastructures. The bill also requires the Bureau of Maintenance under the Department of Public Works and Highways to conduct periodic inspections of public infrastructures. Aquino also pushed for the passage of the Amending the Government Procurement Act (SB 2160), which applies to all government procurement activities regardless of source of funds whether local or foreign; only treaties or international/executive agreements entered into by the government prior to its enactment shall be exempt from coverage. The bill was filed in light of the Department of Justice (Philippines), Department of Justice declaration regarding the validity of the controversial NBN-ZTE scandal, wherein its international aspect, as well as the fact that it was an executive agreement, was cited as one reason for its exemption from the procurement process stipulated in Republic Act 9184. Focusing further on accountability in government appropriations and spending, Aquino filed other reform-oriented bills, among which were Philippine National Police reform; an increase in penalties for corporations and work establishments not compliant with minimum wage; the banning of reappointment to the Judicial and Bar Council; the prevention of reappointment and bypassing of the Commission on Appointments; real property valuation based on international standards; and superior responsibility for senior military officers, who are ultimately responsible for their own subordinates. However, none of these bills were passed into law.


2010 presidential campaign

On November 26, 2008, the Liberal Party (Philippines), Liberal Party elected Mar Roxas, president of the Liberal Party, as the standard-bearer of the Liberal Party for President of the Philippines in the then-upcoming 2010 Philippine presidential election, 2010 presidential elections. Following the Death and funeral of Corazon Aquino, death and funeral of Aquino's mother, former President Corazon Aquino, many people began calling on Aquino to run for President of the Philippines. This groundswell of support became known as the "Noynoy Phenomenon". On August 27, 2009, Edgardo "Eddie" Roces, son of the late Chino Roces, former publisher and owner of ''The Manila Times'', and a group of lawyers and activists formed the Noynoy Aquino for President Movement (NAPM), a nationwide campaign to collect a million signatures in order to persuade Aquino to run for president, reminiscent of Roces' father, who on October 15, 1985, launched the Cory Aquino for President Movement (CAPM), collecting more than one million signatures nationwide, asking Aquino's mother to run against Ferdinand Marcos in the 1986 Philippine presidential election, 1986 presidential snap elections. In September 2009, the Liberal Party held numerous press conferences in relation to the 2010 Philippine general election, 2010 elections at the Club Filipino in Greenhills, San Juan, Metro Manila, San Juan, the site of the presidential inauguration of Aquino's mother in February 1986. On September 1, 2009, at the Club Filipino, in a press conference, Senator Mar Roxas, president of the Liberal Party, announced his withdrawal from the 2010 presidential race and expressed his support for Aquino, as the party standard-bearer instead.Roxas throws support for Aquino in 2010 – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos
. Newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
Aquino later stood side by side with Roxas, but did not make a public statement at the press conference. The next day, Aquino announced that he would be going on a "spiritual retreat" over the weekend to finalize his decision for the elections, visiting the Carmelites, Carmelite sisters in Zamboanga City. reminiscent of his mother's own soul-searching in 1985 before deciding to run for the elections the following year. He came back on September 9 to formally announce his candidacy. Almost two weeks later, Roxas pledged to run alongside Aquino as the Liberal Party standard-bearer for vice-president. The two men filed their respective certificates of candidacy for President of the Philippines, president and Vice President of the Philippines, vice-president on November 28, 2009. Fake psychological evaluation, psychiatric reports on Aquino's mental health began circulating online during the 90-day election campaign period from February 9 – May 8, 2010,FilAmNation's article – Noynoy shrugs off black propaganda
FilAmNation (April 29, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
Aquino received information that the first such report came from the wife of Nacionalista Party supporter and former National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) president Guido Delgado, a move Aquino claims was made with "malicious intent". A second report came from an unidentified supporter of Senate of the Philippines, Senator Manny Villar, the Nacionalistas' leader and presidential candidate. Later presented by Delgado at a press conference, the psychiatric report was supposedly signed by Father Jaime C. Bulatao, S.J., PhD, a Jesuit priest, a professor of Psychology and a clinical psychologist at the
Ateneo de Manila University The Ateneo de Manila University (Filipino: ''Pamantasang Ateneo de Manila;'' Spanish:'' Universidad Ateneo de Manila''), also known simply as the Ateneo de Manila or the Ateneo, is a private Jesuit research university in Quezon City, Philippines. ...
, taken when Aquino was finishing his Bachelor's degree in
economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Economics focuses on the behaviour and interactions of economic agents and ...
at the university in 1979. It reportedly showed that Aquino suffered from Depression (mood), depression and melancholia, the priest later denied writing the document at all. Another supposed psychiatric report that later surfaced claimed that Aquino suffered from major depressive disorder; the report's supposed author, Jesuit priest Father Carmelo A. Caluag II, denied writing any evaluations of Aquino. The university's psychology department later debunked the documents, with Aquino labelling them as another desperate effort by rivals to malign his reputation. During the campaign, Senator Francis Escudero began endorsing Aquino as president and PDP–Laban standard-bearer Jejomar Binay, for Vice President of the Philippines, Vice President, launching the Aquino-Binay Campaign, 2010, Aquino-Binay campaign. However, this was done without the consent of the two candidates; Binay was former President Joseph Estrada's running mate for vice-president. During the 2010 presidential election, held on May 10, 2010, in 2010 Philippine presidential election#Unofficial tallies, unofficial tallies, conducted by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) and the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV), Aquino was the leading candidate in tallied votes for president, and in the 2010 Philippine presidential election#Official Congressional canvass, official Congressional canvass, Aquino was the leading candidate in canvassed votes for president. Aquino was unofficially being referred to as "president-apparent" by the media. On June 9, 2010, at the Batasang Pambansa Complex, in
Quezon City Quezon City (, ; tl, Lungsod Quezon ; also known as the City of Quezon, QC, and Kyusi) is a and the most populous city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, to replace Ma ...
, the Congress of the Philippines proclaimed Aquino as the President of the Philippines, President-elect of the Philippines, following the 2010 Philippine presidential election, 2010 election with 15,208,678 votes, while Jejomar Binay, the former mayor of Makati, was proclaimed as the Vice President of the Philippines, Vice President-elect of the Philippines with 14,645,574 votes, defeating runner-up for the vice presidency Mar Roxas, the standard-bearer of the Liberal Party for vice president.


Presidency (2010–2016)

The Presidency of Benigno S. Aquino III began at noon on June 30, 2010, when he became the List of Philippine Presidents#List of Presidents, fifteenth President of the Philippines, succeeding
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
. Since the start of his presidency, he has also been referred to in the media as PNoy.Back from US, PNoy says 43K jobs to be generated in 3 years , GMA News Online
Gmanetwork.com (September 28, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
The Presidential transition of Benigno Aquino III, presidential transition began on June 9, 2010, when the Congress of the Philippines proclaimed Aquino the winner of the 2010 Philippine presidential elections held on May 10, 2010, proclaiming Aquino as the President of the Philippines, President-elect of the Philippines. The transition was in charge of the new presidential residence, cabinet appointments and cordial meetings between them and the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, outgoing administration. The presidential residence of Aquino is ''Bahay Pangarap'' (English language, English: House of Dreams),Bahay Pangarap: Aquino's future home?
ABS-CBN News. Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
located inside of Malacañang Park, at the headquarters of the Presidential Security Group across the Pasig River from
Malacañang Palace Malacañang Palace (officially "Malacañan Palace"; fil, Palasyo ng Malakanyang; es, Palacio de Malacañán) is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines. It is located in old Manila district of San Miguel ...
.Noynoy's new home is Bahay Pangarap – The Philippine Star " News " Headlines
. Philstar.com (June 30, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
Aquino is the first president to make ''Bahay Pangarap'' his official residence. Malacañang Park was intended as a recreational retreat by former President Manuel L. Quezon. The house was built and designed by architect Juan Arellano in the 1930s, and underwent a number of renovations. In 2008, the house was demolished and rebuilt in contemporary style by architect Conrad Onglao, a new swimming pool was built, replacing the Commonwealth-era swimming pool.Bahay Pangarap for P-Noy ready – The Philippine Star " News " Headlines
. Philstar.com (July 30, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
The house originally had one bedroom, however, the house was renovated for Aquino to have four bedrooms, a guest room, a room for Aquino's household staff, and a room for Aquino's close-in security.How was PNoy’s first night at Bahay Pangarap? , GMA News Online
Gmanetwork.com (August 6, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
The house was originally intended as a rest house, the venue for informal activities and social functions for the First Family by former President Manuel L. Quezon. Malacañang Park was refurbished through the efforts of First Lady Eva Macapagal, wife of former President Diosdado Macapagal, in the early 1960s. First Lady Macapagal renamed the rest house as ''Bahay Pangarap''. During the presidency of Fidel V. Ramos, the house was restored and became the club house of the Malacañang Golf Club. The house was used by former President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
to welcome special guests. Aquino refused to live in
Malacañang Palace Malacañang Palace (officially "Malacañan Palace"; fil, Palasyo ng Malakanyang; es, Palacio de Malacañán) is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines. It is located in old Manila district of San Miguel ...
, the official residence of the President of the Philippines, or in Arlegui Mansion, the residence of former presidents Corazon Aquino and Fidel V. Ramos, stating that the two residences are too big, and also stated that his small family residence at Times Street in Quezon City would be impractical, since it would be a security concern for his neighbors. On June 29, 2010, Aquino officially named the members of his Cabinet, with Aquino himself as Department of the Interior and Local Government, Secretary of the Interior and Local Government, a position that Vice President of the Philippines, Vice President-elect Jejomar Binay initially wanted; however, Aquino stated that the post was not being considered for him. He instead offered Binay various positions, such as head of a commission to investigate the outgoing Arroyo administration, the posts of Department of Agrarian Reform, Secretary of Agrarian Reform,
chairman The chairperson (also chair, chairman, or chairwoman) is the presiding officer of an organized group such as a board, committee, or deliberative assembly. The person holding the office, who is typically elected or appointed by members of the grou ...
of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC), and the chairman of Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA), but Binay refused. Aquino also announced the formation of a truth commission that will investigate various issues including corruption allegations against outgoing President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
. Aquino named former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr. to head the truth commission. Traditionally, it is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines who administers the oath of office to the incoming President of the Philippines, president and Vice President of the Philippines, vice president, however, Aquino refused to allow Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Chief Justice Renato Corona to swear him into office, due to Aquino's opposition to the midnight appointment of Corona by outgoing President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
on May 12, 2010, two days after the 2010 Philippine general election, 2010 elections and a month before Arroyo's term expired. Instead, Aquino formally requested Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Conchita Carpio-Morales, who opposed the midnight appointment of Corona, to swear him into office. Aquino took the Inauguration of Benigno Aquino III, oath of office on June 30, 2010, at the
Quirino Grandstand The Quirino Grandstand, formerly known as the Independence Grandstand, is a grandstand located at Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines. History Contrary to popular belief, the first Independence Grandstand was not originally located on the present si ...
in
Rizal Park Rizal Park ( fil, Liwasang Rizal, es, link=no, Parque Rizal), also known as Luneta Park or simply Luneta, is a historic urban park located in Ermita, Manila, Philippines. It is considered as one of the largest urban parks in Asia, covering an area ...
, Manila. The oath of office was administered by Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Associate Justice Conchita Carpio-Morales, who officially accepted Aquino's request to swear him into office, reminiscent of the decision of his mother, who in 1986, was sworn into the presidency by Associate Justice Claudio Teehankee. After being sworn in as the List of Philippine Presidents#List of Presidents, fifteenth President of the Philippines, succeeding
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipino academic and politician who served as the 14th president of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010. Before her accession to the pres ...
, Aquino delivered his s:Benigno Aquino III's Inaugural Address, inaugural address. During the inaugural address, Aquino created the "no ''wang-wang''" policy, strengthening the implementation o
Presidential Decree No. 96
Pedrasa, Ira. (July 20, 2010
P. Noy’s ‘wang-wang’ policy sets culture change
ABS-CBN News. Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
MMDA sees positive effect of 'wang-wang' confiscation
. The Manila Bulletin Newspaper Online (July 7, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
The term ''‘wang-wang’'' is street lingo for blaring sirens. Presidential Decree No. 96 was issued on January 13, 1973 by former President of the Philippines, President
Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (, September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician, lawyer and kleptocrat who served as the 10th President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. Espousing an ideology of "constitutio ...
, regulating the use of sirens, bells, whistles, horns and other similar devices only to motor vehicles designated for the use of the President of the Philippines, president, Vice President of the Philippines, vice president, President of the Senate of the Philippines, senate president, Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines, House Speaker, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, chief justice, Philippine National Police, Armed Forces of the Philippines, National Bureau of Investigation (Philippines), National Bureau of Investigation, Land Transportation Office (Philippines), Land Transportation Office, Bureau of Fire Protection and ambulances. However, despite having the privilege of using ''‘wang-wang’'', Aquino maintained he would set the example for his no ''‘wang-wang’'' policy, not to use ''‘wang-wang’'', even if it means being stuck in traffic and being late every now and then.No ‘wangwang,’ no limo, Aquino stuck in traffic
. INQUIRER.net (June 9, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
Aquino also traded the official black presidential Mercedes Guardian, Mercedes Benz S-Guard limousine for his own white Toyota Land Cruiser#200 Series, Toyota Land Cruiser 200. After the inaugural address, the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority began to enforce Aquino's no ''‘wang-wang’'' policy, confiscating ''‘wang-wang’'' from public officials and private motorists who illegally used them. On July 26, 2010, at the Batasang Pambansa, in
Quezon City Quezon City (, ; tl, Lungsod Quezon ; also known as the City of Quezon, QC, and Kyusi) is a and the most populous city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, to replace Ma ...
, Aquino delivered his s:Benigno Aquino III's First State of the Nation Address, first State of the Nation Address (SONA).P-Noy’s first SONA awaited
. The Manila Bulletin Newspaper Online (July 23, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
During Aquino's first State of the Nation Address (Philippines), State of the Nation Address (SONA), Aquino announced his intention to reform the education in the Philippines, education system in the Philippines by shifting to K–12 education, a 12-year basic education cycle. K–12 education is used in the United States, Canada, and Australia. On July 29, 2015, Aquino delivered his 2015 State of the Nation Address (Philippines), final SONA address, where he discussed the country's economic improvements and the benefits of social service programs, particularly the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program and the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation, during the course of his presidency. File:President Benigno Aquino III with U.S Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.jpg, United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton delivers remarks at the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) compact agreement signing ceremony with President of the Philippines, President Benigno S. Aquino III at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City, on September 23, 2010.


Criticisms


Manila hostage crisis

On August 23, 2010, in front of the
Quirino Grandstand The Quirino Grandstand, formerly known as the Independence Grandstand, is a grandstand located at Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines. History Contrary to popular belief, the first Independence Grandstand was not originally located on the present si ...
in
Rizal Park Rizal Park ( fil, Liwasang Rizal, es, link=no, Parque Rizal), also known as Luneta Park or simply Luneta, is a historic urban park located in Ermita, Manila, Philippines. It is considered as one of the largest urban parks in Asia, covering an area ...
, Manila, the site of Aquino's presidential inauguration, the Manila hostage crisis occurred. Aquino expressed concern over the matter and gave his condolences to the victims. Aquino defended the actions of the police at the scene, stating that the gunman had not shown any signs of wanting to kill the hostages. Aquino ordered a "thorough investigation" into the incident, and would wait until it is completed before deciding whether anyone should lose his or her job. Aquino declared that the media may have worsened the situation by giving the gunman "a bird's-eye view of the entire situation". Aquino also made reference to the Moscow theater hostage crisis, which, according to Aquino, resulted in "more severe" casualties despite Russia's "resources and sophistication". On August 24, 2010, Aquino signe
Proclamation No. 23
declaring August 25, 2010, as a national day of mourning, instructing all public institutions nationwide and all Philippine embassies and consulates overseas to lower the Philippine flag at half-mast, in honor of the eight Hong Kong residents who died in the crisis. On August 25, 2010, at a press conference in Malacañang, Aquino apologized to those offended when he was caught on television apparently smiling while being interviewed at the crime scene hours after the Manila hostage crisis.Ager, Maila (August 25, 2010
Aquino says sorry for the ‘smile’
inquirer.net
Aquino said; On September 3, 2010, Aquino took responsibility for the crisis.Aquino takes responsibility for bus siege tragedy
ABS-CBN News (September 3, 2010)
Aquino actually has direct supervision of the Philippine National Police, since Aquino had asked Department of the Interior and Local Government, Secretary of the Interior and Local Government Jesse Robredo to address other concerns, such as coming up with a comprehensive plan on delivering social services to and relocating informal settlers in coordination with the local governments.


Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)

President Aquino's administration was criticised during and after Typhoon Haiyan, Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) in November 2013 for the government's "slow" response to aid the victims.After 4 months, PNoy apologizes for slow govt response to Yolanda victims , News , GMA News Online
Gmanetwork.com. Retrieved on March 17, 2016.
This criticism resulted in countries like Canada to provide humanitarian aid to the victims of the typhoon through non-governmental organizations and not the Philippine government, wherein the Canadian Ambassador to the Philippines, Neil Reeder cited "the speed, because of the need to move quickly, and because we don’t, as a government, want to be involved in the details, nor do we think it’s efficient to have other governments involved."


Mamasapano massacre

President Aquino was accused of evading responsibility for the death of 44 Special Action Force operatives in a failed operation, which led to the so-called Mamasapano massacre.


Noynoying

''Noynoying'' (pronounced noy-noy-YING or noy-NOY-ying) is a protest tactic in the form of a neologism that Aquino's critics have used to question his work ethic, alleging his inaction on the issues of disaster response and rising oil prices. A play on the term planking (fad), planking and Aquino's nickname, Noynoying involves posing in a lazy manner, such as sitting idly while resting his head on one hand, and doing nothing.


Cabinet


Judicial appointments

Aquino appointed the following to the Supreme Court of the Philippines: * Maria Lourdes Sereno – August 13, 2010 (as Associate Justice); August 25, 2012 (as Chief Justice).Aquino names Sereno SC Associate Justice
. The Manila Bulletin Newspaper Online (August 13, 2010). Retrieved on January 23, 2012.
* Bienvenido L. Reyes – August 16, 2011 * Estela Perlas-Bernabe, Estela M. Perlas-Bernabe – September 16, 2011 * Marvic Leonen, Mario Victor F. Leonen – November 21, 2012 * Francis Jardeleza, Francis H. Jardeleza – August 19, 2014 * Alfredo Benjamin Caguioa – January 22, 2016 (his last SC Justice appointee)


Post-presidency

Following the turnover ceremonies to his successor
Rodrigo Duterte Rodrigo Roa Duterte ( ; born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong and Rody, is a Filipino politician who is the current president of the Philippines and the first from Mindanao to hold the office. He is the chairperson of PDP–Laban, th ...
at Malacañang, Aquino returned to his parents' residence along Times Street, Quezon City. Since leaving office, Aquino remained silent on the Duterte administration and rarely made public appearances. However, in November 2016, Aquino attended a concert at
Rizal Park Rizal Park ( fil, Liwasang Rizal, es, link=no, Parque Rizal), also known as Luneta Park or simply Luneta, is a historic urban park located in Ermita, Manila, Philippines. It is considered as one of the largest urban parks in Asia, covering an area ...
and joined protests against the burial of Ferdinand Marcos. In February 2017, Aquino commemorated the 31st anniversary of the People Power Revolution by marching to the People Power Monument and joining the protests against the History of the Philippines (1965–86), Ferdinand Marcos regime.


Legal charges

In July 2017, criminal charges were filed against Aquino for usurpation of authority under the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines, Revised Penal Code and violating anti-graft and corruption laws. Ombudsman Conchita Carpio-Morales cited the involvement of then suspended Philippine National Police chief Alan Purisima in the Mamasapano clash, 2015 Mamasapano police operation against the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in Mamasapano, Maguindanao, where 44 Special Action Force members were killed. Under the Revised Penal Code, suspended public officials cannot perform their duties or interfere in government affairs. Aquino's former Deputy Presidential Communications Group (Philippines)#Presidential Spokesman, Presidential Spokesperson Abigail Valte said that Aquino plans to file a motion for reconsideration to appeal the charges. In 2018 Aquino was indicted in a $1.35 billion criminal case involving a congressional approval to use state funds on major government projects.


Personal life

Aquino has never married and has no children, making him the Philippines' first bachelor president. Aquino previously had a relationship with Shalani Soledad, a Valenzuela, Metro Manila, Valenzuela councilor and niece of former Senator Francisco Tatad. In November 2010, Aquino confirmed that he and Soledad had broken up. He had previously dated Korina Sanchez, Bernadette Sembrano, and Liz Uy. He was also in a relationship with Korean television host Grace Lee. Aquino has stated his preference for younger women because he wants to have children. Aquino was also an enthusiast of shooting, billiards and video games. Aquino does not drink alcoholic beverages, but is a smoker. Aquino also said that he is not keen on being a Poster child, poster boy for Tobacco control, anti-smoking campaigns. Upon winning the election, Aquino received a phone call from U.S. President Barack Obama, who congratulated him and offered assistance to smoking cessation. Although the official residence of the president is the
Malacañang Palace Malacañang Palace (officially "Malacañan Palace"; fil, Palasyo ng Malakanyang; es, Palacio de Malacañán) is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines. It is located in old Manila district of San Miguel ...
, Aquino chose to reside in the Bahay Pangarap (House of Dreams), located within the Palace grounds, while in office.


Ancestry


Honors and awards

These are the list of honors and awards made by President Aquino. Foreign honors *: ** Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum (June 2, 2015) *: ** Collar of the Knightly Order pro merito Melitensi (March 4, 2015) *: ** First Class of the Star of the Republic of Indonesia (October 10, 2014) *: ** Collar of the Order of Mubarak the Great (March 23, 2012) Honorary degrees * Fordham University – Honorary doctoral degree in Economics * Centro Escolar University – Honorary doctoral degree in Economics (April 11, 2012) * Kasetsart University – Honorary doctoral degree in Economics * University of the Philippines, Diliman – Honorary doctoral degree in Law * Sophia University – Honorary doctoral degree in Law (December 13, 2014) * Tarlac State University – Honorary doctoral degree in Humanities (May 14, 2015) * Loyola Marymount University – Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree (February 17, 2016) Recognitions *United States: City Council Resolution on welcoming the President to Chicago presented by Mayor Rahm Emanuel (May 6, 2015)photo 06 – 050715
. Pcoo.gov.ph (May 7, 2015). Retrieved on March 17, 2016.


See also

*Presidency of Benigno Aquino III *Political positions of Benigno Aquino III *Noynoying


References


External links

*
Official profile
in the website of the Senate of the Philippines
Inaugural Address of President Benigno Aquino III , June 30, 2010President Benigno Aquino III's First State of the Nation Address , July 26, 2010President Benigno Aquino III's Second State of the Nation Address , July 25, 2011President Aquino's speech before the United Nations General Assembly , September 24, 2010
{{DEFAULTSORT:Aquino, Benigno Benigno Aquino III, 1960 births 20th-century Roman Catholics 21st-century Roman Catholics Aquino family, Benigno Aquino 3 Ateneo de Manila University alumni Children of Presidents of the Philippines Cojuangco family Deputy Speakers of the House of Representatives of the Philippines Filipino people of Chinese descent Filipino Roman Catholics Kapampangan people Liberal Party (Philippines) politicians Living people Members of the House of Representatives of the Philippines from Tarlac People from Quezon City People from Tarlac Candidates in the 2010 Philippine presidential election Presidents of the Philippines Scouting in the Philippines Secretaries of the Interior and Local Government of the Philippines Senators of the 14th Congress of the Philippines Filipino politicians of Chinese descent